Country ranking for field: government type 1990

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This entry gives the basic form of government. Definitions of the major governmental terms are as follows. (Note that for some countries more than one definition applies.):


1flag of AfghanistanAfghanistan0 
2flag of PakistanPakistanparliamentary with strong executive federal republic 
3flag of New CaledoniaNew Caledoniaoverseas territory of France 
4flag of New ZealandNew Zealandparliamentary democracy 
5flag of NicaraguaNicaraguarepublic 
6flag of NigerNigerrepublic; presidential system in which military officers hold key offices 
7flag of NigeriaNigeriamilitary government since 31 December 1983 
8flag of NiueNiueself-governing territory in free association with New Zealand 
9flag of Norfolk IslandNorfolk Islandterritory of Australia 
10flag of North KoreaNorth KoreaCommunist state; one-man rule 
11flag of Northern Mariana IslandsNorthern Mariana Islandscommonwealth associated with the US and administered by the Office of Territorial and International Affairs US Department of the Interior 
12flag of NorwayNorwayconstitutional monarchy 
13flag of OmanOmanabsolute monarchy; independent with residual UK influence 
14flag of Palmyra AtollPalmyra Atollunincorporated territory of the US; privately owned but administered by the Office of Territorial and International Affairs US Department of the Interior 
15flag of NepalNepalconstitutional monarchy but King Birendra exercises control over multitiered system of government 
16flag of PanamaPanamacentralized republic 
17flag of Papua New GuineaPapua New Guineaparliamentary democracy 
18flag of ParaguayParaguayrepublic 
19flag of PeruPerurepublic 
20flag of PhilippinesPhilippinesrepublic 
21flag of Pitcairn IslandsPitcairn Islandsdependent territory of the UK 
22flag of PolandPolanddemocratic state 
23flag of PortugalPortugalrepublic 
24flag of Puerto RicoPuerto Ricocommonwealth associated with the US 
25flag of QatarQatartraditional monarchy 
26flag of RomaniaRomaniaformer Communist state; current multiparty provisional government has scheduled a general democratic election for 20 May 1990 
27flag of RwandaRwandarepublic; presidential system in which military leaders hold key offices 
28flag of Netherlands AntillesNetherlands Antillespart of the Dutch realm--full autonomy in internal affairs granted in 1954 
29flag of Navassa IslandNavassa Islandunincorporated territory of the US administered by the US Coast Guard 
30flag of Saint HelenaSaint Helenadependent territory of the UK 
31flag of Marshall IslandsMarshall Islandsconstitutional government in free association with the US; the Compact of Free Association entered into force 21 October 1986 
32flag of LiberiaLiberiarepublic 
33flag of LibyaLibyaJamahiriya 
34flag of LiechtensteinLiechtensteinhereditary constitutional monarchy 
35flag of LuxembourgLuxembourgconstitutional monarchy 
36flag of MacauMacauoverseas territory of Portugal; scheduled to revert to China in 1999 
37flag of MadagascarMadagascarrepublic 
38flag of MalawiMalawione-party state 
39flag of MalaysiaMalaysiaFederation of Malaysia formed 9 July 1963; constitutional monarchy nominally headed by the paramount ruler 
40flag of MaldivesMaldivesrepublic 
41flag of MaliMalirepublic; single-party constitutional government 
42flag of MaltaMaltaparliamentary democracy 
43flag of MartiniqueMartiniqueoverseas department of France 
44flag of NauruNaururepublic 
45flag of MauritaniaMauritaniarepublic; military first seized power in bloodless coup 10 July 1978; a palace coup that took place on 24 December 1984 brought President Taya to power 
46flag of MauritiusMauritiusparliamentary democracy 
47flag of MayotteMayotteterritorial collectivity of France 
48flag of MexicoMexicofederal republic operating under a centralized government 
49flag of Midway IslandsMidway Islandsunincorporated territory of the US administered by the US Navy under command of the Barbers Point Naval Air Station in Hawaii and managed cooperatively by the US Navy and the Fish and Wildlife Service of the US Department of the Interior as part of the National Wildlife Refuge System 
50flag of MonacoMonacoconstitutional monarchy 
51flag of MongoliaMongoliaCommunist state 
52flag of MontserratMontserratdependent territory of the UK 
53flag of MoroccoMoroccoconstitutional monarchy 
54flag of MozambiqueMozambiquepeople's republic 
55flag of MyanmarMyanmarmilitary government 
56flag of NamibiaNamibiarepublic as of 21 March 1990 
57flag of RéunionRéunionoverseas department of France 
58flag of Saint Kitts and NevisSaint Kitts and Nevisconstitutional monarchy 
59flag of LebanonLebanonrepublic 
60flag of United Arab EmiratesUnited Arab Emiratesfederation with specified powers delegated to the UAE central government and other powers reserved to member shaykhdoms 
61flag of TogoTogorepublic; one-party presidential regime 
62flag of TokelauTokelauterritory of New Zealand 
63flag of TongaTongahereditary constitutional monarchy 
64flag of Trinidad and TobagoTrinidad and Tobagoparliamentary democracy 
65flag of Tromelin IslandTromelin IslandFrench possession administered by Commissioner of the Republic Daniel CONSTANTIN resident in Reunion 
66flag of TunisiaTunisiarepublic 
67flag of TurkeyTurkeyrepublican parliamentary democracy 
68flag of Turks and Caicos IslandsTurks and Caicos Islandsdependent territory of the UK 
69flag of TuvaluTuvaludemocracy 
70flag of U.S. Virgin IslandsU.S. Virgin Islandsorganized unincorporated territory of the US administered by the Office of Territorial and International Affairs US Department of the Interior 
71flag of UgandaUgandarepublic 
72flag of United KingdomUnited Kingdomconstitutional monarchy 
73flag of The GambiaThe Gambiarepublic 
74flag of United StatesUnited Statesfederal republic; strong democratic tradition 
75flag of UruguayUruguayrepublic 
76flag of VanuatuVanuaturepublic 
77flag of VenezuelaVenezuelarepublic 
78flag of VietnamVietnamCommunist state 
79flag of Wake IslandWake Islandunincorporated territory of the US administered by the US Air Force 
80flag of Wallis and FutunaWallis and Futunaoverseas territory of France 
81flag of Western SaharaWestern Saharalegal status of territory and question of sovereignty unresolved; territory contested by Morocco and Polisario Front 
82flag of Western SamoaWestern Samoaconstitutional monarchy under native chief 
83flag of YugoslaviaYugoslaviaCommunist state federal republic in form 
84flag of ZaireZairerepublic with a strong presidential system 
85flag of ZambiaZambiaone-party state 
86flag of The NetherlandsThe Netherlandsconstitutional monarchy 
87flag of The BahamasThe Bahamascommonwealth 
88flag of Saint LuciaSaint Luciaparliamentary democracy 
89flag of South KoreaSouth Korearepublic 
90flag of Saint Vincent and the GrenadinesSaint Vincent and the Grenadinesconstitutional monarchy 
91flag of Saint-Pierre and MiquelonSaint-Pierre and Miquelonterritorial collectivity of France 
92flag of San MarinoSan Marinorepublic 
93flag of Saudi ArabiaSaudi Arabiamonarchy 
94flag of SenegalSenegalrepublic under multiparty democratic rule 
95flag of SeychellesSeychellesrepublic; member of the Commonwealth 
96flag of Sierra LeoneSierra Leonerepublic under presidential regime 
97flag of SingaporeSingaporerepublic within Commonwealth 
98flag of Solomon IslandsSolomon Islandsindependent parliamentary state within Commonwealth 
99flag of SomaliaSomaliarepublic 
100flag of South AfricaSouth Africarepublic 
101flag of South Georgia and the South Sandwich IslandsSouth Georgia and the South Sandwich Islandsdependent territory of the UK 
102flag of Soviet UnionSoviet UnionCommunist state 
103flag of ThailandThailandconstitutional monarchy 
104flag of SpainSpainparliamentary monarchy 
105flag of Sri LankaSri Lankarepublic 
106flag of SudanSudanmilitary; civilian government suspended and martial law imposed after 30 June 1989 coup 
107flag of SurinameSurinamerepublic 
108flag of SvalbardSvalbardterritory of Norway administered by the Ministry of Industry Oslo through a governor 
109flag of SwazilandSwazilandmonarchy; independent member of Commonwealth 
110flag of SwedenSwedenconstitutional monarchy 
111flag of SwitzerlandSwitzerlandfederal republic 
112flag of SyriaSyriarepublic; under leftwing military regime since March 1963 
113flag of São Tomé and PríncipeSão Tomé and Prínciperepublic 
114flag of TaiwanTaiwanone-party presidential regime; opposition political parties legalized in March 1989 
115flag of TanzaniaTanzaniarepublic 
116flag of LesothoLesothoconstitutional monarchy 
117flag of LaosLaosCommunist state 
118flag of AlbaniaAlbaniaCommunist state 
119flag of ChinaChinaCommunist Party-led state 
120flag of BulgariaBulgariaCommunist state but democratic elections planned for 1990 
121flag of Burkina FasoBurkina Fasomilitary; established by coup on 4 August 1983 
122flag of BurundiBurundirepublic 
123flag of Cabo VerdeCabo Verderepublic 
124flag of CambodiaCambodiadisputed between the Coalition Government of Democratic Kampuchea 
125flag of CameroonCameroonunitary republic; one-party presidential regime 
126flag of CanadaCanadaconfederation with parliamentary democracy 
127flag of Cayman IslandsCayman Islandsdependent territory of the UK 
128flag of Central African RepublicCentral African Republicrepublic one-party presidential regime since 1986 
129flag of ChadChadrepublic 
130flag of ChileChilerepublic 
131flag of Christmas IslandChristmas Islandterritory of Australia 
132flag of British Virgin IslandsBritish Virgin Islandsdependent territory of the UK 
133flag of Clipperton IslandClipperton IslandFrench possession administered by High Commissioner of the Republic Jean MONTPEZAT resident in French Polynesia 
134flag of Cocos IslandsCocos Islandsterritory of Australia 
135flag of ColombiaColombiarepublic; executive branch dominates government structure 
136flag of ComorosComorosindependent republic 
137flag of CongoCongopeople's republic 
138flag of Cook IslandsCook Islandsself-governing in free association with New Zealand; Cook Islands fully responsible for internal affairs; New Zealand retains responsibility for external affairs in consultation with the Cook Islands 
139flag of Coral Sea IslandsCoral Sea Islandsterritory of Australia administered by the Minister for Arts Sport the Environment Tourism and Territories Graham Richardson 
140flag of Costa RicaCosta Ricademocratic republic 
141flag of CubaCubaCommunist state 
142flag of CyprusCyprusrepublic; a disaggregation of the two ethnic communities inhabiting the island began after the outbreak of communal strife in 1963; this separation was further solidified following the Turkish invasion of the island in July 1974 which gave the Turkish Cypriots de facto control in the north; Greek Cypriots control the only internationally recognized government; on 15 November 1983 Turkish Cypriot President Rauf Denktash declared independence and the formation of a Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus which has been recognized only by Turkey; both sides publicly call for the resolution of intercommunal differences and creation of a new federal system of government 
143flag of Côte d'IvoireCôte d'Ivoirerepublic; one-party presidential regime established 1960 
144flag of DenmarkDenmarkconstitutional monarchy 
145flag of BruneiBruneiconstitutional sultanate 
146flag of British Indian Ocean TerritoryBritish Indian Ocean Territorydependent territory of the UK 
147flag of DominicaDominicaparliamentary democracy 
148flag of AustriaAustriafederal republic 
149flag of AlgeriaAlgeriarepublic 
150flag of American SamoaAmerican Samoaunincorporated and unorganized territory of the US 
151flag of AndorraAndorraunique coprincipality under formal sovereignty of president of France and Spanish bishop of Seo de Urgel who are represented locally by officials called verguers 
152flag of AngolaAngolaMarxist people's republic 
153flag of AnguillaAnguilladependent territory of the UK 
154flag of AntarcticaAntarcticaThe Antarctic Treaty signed on 1 December 1959 and entered into force on 23 June 1961 established for at least 30 years a legal framework for peaceful use scientific research and suspension of territorial claims. Administration is carried out through consultative member meetings--the 14th and last meeting was held in Rio de Janeiro 
155flag of Antigua and BarbudaAntigua and Barbudaparliamentary democracy 
156flag of ArgentinaArgentinarepublic 
157flag of ArubaArubapart of the Dutch realm--full autonomy in internal affairs obtained in 1986 upon separation from the Netherlands Antilles 
158flag of Ashmore and Cartier IslandsAshmore and Cartier Islandsterritory of Australia administered by the Australian Ministry for Territories and Local Government 
159flag of AustraliaAustraliafederal parliamentary state 
160flag of BahrainBahraintraditional monarchy 
161flag of BrazilBrazilfederal republic 
162flag of Baker IslandBaker Islandunincorporated territory of the US administered by the Fish and Wildlife Service of the US Department of the Interior as part of the National Wildlife Refuge system 
163flag of BangladeshBangladeshrepublic 
164flag of BarbadosBarbadosparliamentary democracy 
165flag of Bassas da IndiaBassas da IndiaFrench possession administered by Commissioner of the Republic Daniel CONSTANTIN resident in Reunion 
166flag of BelgiumBelgiumconstitutional monarchy 
167flag of BelizeBelizeparliamentary 
168flag of BeninBenindropped Marxism-Leninism December 1989; democratic reforms adopted February 1990; transition to multiparty system by 1991 planned 
169flag of BermudaBermudadependent territory of the UK 
170flag of BhutanBhutanmonarchy; special treaty relationship with India 
171flag of BoliviaBoliviarepublic 
172flag of BotswanaBotswanaparliamentary republic 
173flag of Bouvet IslandBouvet Islandterritory of Norway 
174flag of DjiboutiDjiboutirepublic 
175flag of Dominican RepublicDominican Republicrepublic 
176flag of KuwaitKuwaitnominal constitutional monarchy 
177flag of Isle of ManIsle of ManBritish crown dependency 
178flag of Holy SeeHoly Seemonarchical-sacerdotal state 
179flag of HondurasHondurasrepublic 
180flag of Hong KongHong Kongcolony of the UK; scheduled to revert to China in 1997 
181flag of Howland IslandHowland Islandunincorporated territory of the US administered by the Fish and Wildlife Service of the US Department of the Interior as part of the National Wildlife Refuge System 
182flag of HungaryHungaryrepublic 
183flag of IcelandIcelandrepublic 
184flag of IndiaIndiafederal republic 
185flag of IndonesiaIndonesiarepublic 
186flag of IranIrantheocratic republic 
187flag of IraqIraqrepublic 
188flag of IrelandIrelandrepublic 
189flag of IsraelIsraelrepublic 
190flag of HaitiHaitirepublic 
191flag of ItalyItalyrepublic 
192flag of JamaicaJamaicaparliamentary democracy 
193flag of Jan MayenJan Mayenterritory of Norway 
194flag of JapanJapanconstitutional monarchy 
195flag of Jarvis IslandJarvis Islandunincorporated territory of the US administered by the Fish and Wildlife Service of the US Department of the Interior as part of the National Wildlife Refuge System 
196flag of JerseyJerseyBritish crown dependency 
197flag of Johnston AtollJohnston Atollunincorporated territory of the US administered by the US Defense Nuclear Agency 
198flag of JordanJordanconstitutional monarchy 
199flag of Juan de Nova IslandJuan de Nova IslandFrench possession administered by Commissioner of the Republic Daniel CONSTANTIN resident in Reunion 
200flag of KenyaKenyarepublic 
201flag of Kingman ReefKingman Reefunincorporated territory of the US administered by the US Navy 
202flag of KiribatiKiribatirepublic 
203flag of Heard Island and McDonald IslandsHeard Island and McDonald Islandsterritory of Australia administered by the Antarctic Division of the Department of Science in Canberra 
204flag of GuyanaGuyanarepublic 
205flag of EcuadorEcuadorrepublic 
206flag of French PolynesiaFrench Polynesiaoverseas territory of France 
207flag of EgyptEgyptrepublic 
208flag of El SalvadorEl Salvadorrepublic 
209flag of Equatorial GuineaEquatorial Guinearepublic 
210flag of EthiopiaEthiopiaCommunist state 
211flag of Europa IslandEuropa IslandFrench possession administered by Commissioner of the Republic Daniel CONSTANTIN resident in Reunion 
212flag of Falkland IslandsFalkland Islandsdependent territory of the UK 
213flag of Faroe IslandsFaroe Islandspart of the Danish realm; self-governing overseas administrative division of Denmark 
214flag of Federated States of MicronesiaFederated States of Micronesiaconstitutional government in free association with the US; the Compact of Free Association entered into force 3 November 1986 
215flag of FijiFijimilitary coup leader Major General Sitiveni Rabuka formally declared Fiji a republic on 6 October 1987 
216flag of FinlandFinlandrepublic 
217flag of FranceFrancerepublic 
218flag of French GuianaFrench Guianaoverseas department of France 
219flag of French Southern and Antarctic LandsFrench Southern and Antarctic Landsoverseas territory of France governed by High Administrator Claude CORBIER 
220flag of GuineaGuinearepublic 
221flag of GabonGabonrepublic; one-party presidential regime since 1964 
222flag of GhanaGhanamilitary 
223flag of GibraltarGibraltardependent territory of the UK 
224flag of Glorioso IslandsGlorioso IslandsFrench possession administered by Commissioner of the Republic Daniel CONSTANTIN resident in Reunion 
225flag of GreeceGreecepresidential parliamentary government; monarchy rejected by referendum 8 December 1974 
226flag of GreenlandGreenlandpart of the Danish realm; self-governing overseas administrative division 
227flag of GrenadaGrenadaparliamentary democracy 
228flag of GuadeloupeGuadeloupeoverseas department of France 
229flag of GuamGuamorganized unincorporated territory of the US 
230flag of GuatemalaGuatemalarepublic 
231flag of GuernseyGuernseyBritish crown dependency 
232flag of Guinea-BissauGuinea-Bissaurepublic; highly centralized one-party regime since September 1974 
233flag of ZimbabweZimbabweparliamentary democracy 


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