Country ranking for field: government type 1992

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This entry gives the basic form of government. Definitions of the major governmental terms are as follows. (Note that for some countries more than one definition applies.):


1flag of AfghanistanAfghanistan0 
2flag of Department of the InteriorDepartment of the Interiorunincorporated territory of the US; privately owned but administered by the Office of Territorial and International Affairs US 
3flag of New CaledoniaNew Caledoniaoverseas territory of France since 1956 
4flag of New ZealandNew Zealandparliamentary democracy 
5flag of NicaraguaNicaraguarepublic 
6flag of NigerNigeras of November 1991 transition government appointed by national reform conference; scheduled to turn over power to democratically elected government in January 1993 
7flag of NigeriaNigeriamilitary government since 31 December 1983 
8flag of Niue fully responsible for internal affairs; New Zealand retains responsibility for external affairsNiue fully responsible for internal affairs; New Zealand retains responsibility for external affairsself-governing territory in free association with New Zealand; 
9flag of Norfolk IslandNorfolk Islandterritory of Australia 
10flag of North KoreaNorth KoreaCommunist state; Stalinist dictatorship 
11flag of InteriorInteriorcommonwealth in political union with the US and administered by the Office of Territorial and International Affairs US Department of the 
12flag of NorwayNorwayconstitutional monarchy 
13flag of OmanOmanabsolute monarchy; independent with residual UK influence 
14flag of PakistanPakistanparliamentary with strong executive federal republic 
15flag of PanamaPanamacentralized republic 
16flag of NepalNepalparliamentary democracy as of 12 May 1991 
17flag of Papua New GuineaPapua New Guineaparliamentary democracy 
18flag of ParaguayParaguayrepublic 
19flag of PeruPeruin transition President FUJIMORI on 5 April 1992 suspended the constitution and dissolved the legislative and judicial branches 
20flag of PhilippinesPhilippinesrepublic 
21flag of Pitcairn IslandsPitcairn Islandsdependent territory of the UK 
22flag of PolandPolanddemocratic state 
23flag of PortugalPortugalrepublic 
24flag of Puerto RicoPuerto Ricocommonwealth associated with the US 
25flag of QatarQatartraditional monarchy 
26flag of RomaniaRomaniarepublic 
27flag of RussiaRussiafederation 
28flag of Charter to serve as a basis for transition to a presidential/parliamentary political system; the 1978 constitution was replaced in June 1991 via popular referendum by a new constitution creating a multiparty system with a president and prime ministerCharter to serve as a basis for transition to a presidential/parliamentary political system; the 1978 constitution was replaced in June 1991 via popular referendum by a new constitution creating a multiparty system with a president and prime ministerrepublic; presidential system in which military leaders hold key offices; on 31 December 1990 the government announced a National Political 
29flag of RéunionRéunionoverseas department of France 
30flag of Netherlands AntillesNetherlands Antillespart of the Dutch realm - full autonomy in internal affairs granted in 1954 
31flag of GuardGuardunincorporated territory of the US administered by the US Coast 
32flag of Saint Kitts and NevisSaint Kitts and Nevisconstitutional monarchy 
33flag of Compact of Free Association entered into force 21 October 1986Compact of Free Association entered into force 21 October 1986constitutional government in free association with the US; the 
34flag of LiberiaLiberiarepublic 
35flag of LibyaLibyaJamahiriya 
36flag of LiechtensteinLiechtensteinhereditary constitutional monarchy 
37flag of LithuaniaLithuaniarepublic 
38flag of LuxembourgLuxembourgconstitutional monarchy 
39flag of MacauMacauoverseas territory of Portugal; scheduled to revert to China in 1999 
40flag of MacedoniaMacedoniaemerging democracy 
41flag of MadagascarMadagascarrepublic 
42flag of MalawiMalawione-party state 
43flag of MalaysiaMalaysiaFederation of Malaysia formed 9 July 1963; constitutional monarchy nominally headed by the paramount ruler 
44flag of MaldivesMaldivesrepublic 
45flag of MaliMalirepublic; an interim government appointed by the national reform conference has organized a series of democratic elections and is scheduled to hand over power to an elected government on 26 March 1992 
46flag of MaltaMaltaparliamentary democracy 
47flag of MartiniqueMartiniqueoverseas department of France 
48flag of NauruNaururepublic 
49flag of Taya to power; he was elected in 1992Taya to power; he was elected in 1992republic; military first seized power in bloodless coup 10 July 1978; a palace coup that took place on 12 December 1984 brought President 
50flag of MauritiusMauritiusparliamentary democracy 
51flag of MayotteMayotteterritorial collectivity of France 
52flag of MexicoMexicofederal republic operating under a centralized government 
53flag of Department of the Interior as part of the National Wildlife Refuge System; legislation before Congress in 1990 proposed inclusion of territory within the State of HawaiiDepartment of the Interior as part of the National Wildlife Refuge System; legislation before Congress in 1990 proposed inclusion of territory within the State of Hawaiiunincorporated territory of the US administered by the US Navy under command of the Barbers Point Naval Air Station in Hawaii and managed cooperatively by the US Navy and the Fish and Wildlife Service of the US 
54flag of MoldovaMoldovarepublic 
55flag of MonacoMonacoconstitutional monarchy 
56flag of MongoliaMongoliain transition from Communist state to republic 
57flag of MontserratMontserratdependent territory of the UK 
58flag of MoroccoMoroccoconstitutional monarchy 
59flag of MozambiqueMozambiquerepublic 
60flag of MyanmarMyanmarmilitary regime 
61flag of NamibiaNamibiarepublic 
62flag of Saint HelenaSaint Helenadependent territory of the UK 
63flag of Saint LuciaSaint Luciaparliamentary democracy 
64flag of LebanonLebanonrepublic 
65flag of United Arab EmiratesUnited Arab Emiratesfederation with specified powers delegated to the UAE central government and other powers reserved to member emirates 
66flag of TokelauTokelauterritory of New Zealand 
67flag of TongaTongahereditary constitutional monarchy 
68flag of Trinidad and TobagoTrinidad and Tobagoparliamentary democracy 
69flag of Jacques DEWATREJacques DEWATREFrench possession administered by Commissioner of the Republic 
70flag of TunisiaTunisiarepublic 
71flag of TurkeyTurkeyrepublican parliamentary democracy 
72flag of TurkmenistanTurkmenistanrepublic 
73flag of Turks and Caicos IslandsTurks and Caicos Islandsdependent territory of the UK 
74flag of TuvaluTuvaludemocracy 
75flag of Office of Territorial and International Affairs US Department of theOffice of Territorial and International Affairs US Department of theorganized unincorporated territory of the US administered by the 
76flag of UgandaUgandarepublic 
77flag of UkraineUkrainerepublic 
78flag of United KingdomUnited Kingdomconstitutional monarchy 
79flag of The NetherlandsThe Netherlandsconstitutional monarchy 
80flag of United StatesUnited Statesfederal republic; strong democratic tradition 
81flag of UruguayUruguayrepublic 
82flag of UzbekistanUzbekistanrepublic 
83flag of VanuatuVanuaturepublic 
84flag of VenezuelaVenezuelarepublic 
85flag of VietnamVietnamCommunist state 
86flag of ForceForceunincorporated territory of the US administered by the US Air 
87flag of Wallis and FutunaWallis and Futunaoverseas territory of France 
88flag of Western SaharaWestern Saharalegal status of territory and question of sovereignty unresolved; territory contested by Morocco and Polisario Front 
89flag of Western SamoaWestern Samoaconstitutional monarchy under native chief 
90flag of YemenYemenrepublic 
91flag of ZaireZairerepublic with a strong presidential system 
92flag of ZambiaZambiamultiparty system; on 17 December 1990 President Kenneth KAUNDA signed into law the constitutional amendment that officially reintroduced the multiparty system in Zambia ending 17 years of one-party rule 
93flag of TogoTogorepublic; under transition to multiparty democratic rule 
94flag of The GambiaThe Gambiarepublic under multiparty democratic rule 
95flag of Saint Vincent and the GrenadinesSaint Vincent and the Grenadinesconstitutional monarchy 
96flag of South KoreaSouth Korearepublic 
97flag of Saint-Pierre and MiquelonSaint-Pierre and Miquelonterritorial collectivity of France 
98flag of San MarinoSan Marinorepublic 
99flag of Saudi ArabiaSaudi Arabiamonarchy 
100flag of SenegalSenegalrepublic under multiparty democratic rule 
101flag of Serbia and MontenegroSerbia and Montenegrorepublic 
102flag of SeychellesSeychellesrepublic 
103flag of Sierra LeoneSierra Leonemilitary government 
104flag of SingaporeSingaporerepublic within Commonwealth 
105flag of SloveniaSloveniaemerging democracy 
106flag of Solomon IslandsSolomon Islandsparliamentary democracy 
107flag of SomaliaSomalianone 
108flag of South AfricaSouth Africarepublic 
109flag of South Georgia and the South Sandwich IslandsSouth Georgia and the South Sandwich Islandsdependent territory of the UK 
110flag of SpainSpainparliamentary monarchy 
111flag of The BahamasThe Bahamascommonwealth 
112flag of Sri LankaSri Lankarepublic 
113flag of SudanSudanmilitary; civilian government suspended and martial law imposed after 30 June 1989 coup 
114flag of SurinameSurinamerepublic 
115flag of Oslo through a governorOslo through a governorterritory of Norway administered by the Ministry of Industry 
116flag of SwazilandSwazilandmonarchy; independent member of Commonwealth 
117flag of SwedenSwedenconstitutional monarchy 
118flag of SwitzerlandSwitzerlandfederal republic 
119flag of SyriaSyriarepublic; under leftwing military regime since March 1963 
120flag of São Tomé and PríncipeSão Tomé and Prínciperepublic 
121flag of TaiwanTaiwanmultiparty democratic regime; opposition political parties legalized in March 1989 
122flag of TajikistanTajikistanrepublic 
123flag of TanzaniaTanzaniarepublic 
124flag of ThailandThailandconstitutional monarchy 
125flag of LesothoLesothoconstitutional monarchy 
126flag of LatviaLatviarepublic 
127flag of AlbaniaAlbanianascent democracy 
128flag of Christmas IslandChristmas Islandterritory of Australia 
129flag of BulgariaBulgariaemerging democracy diminishing Communist Party influence 
130flag of Burkina FasoBurkina Fasomilitary; established by coup on 4 August 1983 
131flag of BurundiBurundirepublic 
132flag of Cabo VerdeCabo Verderepublic 
133flag of CambodiaCambodiacurrently administered by the Supreme National Council 
134flag of CameroonCameroonunitary republic; multiparty presidential regime 
135flag of CanadaCanadaconfederation with parliamentary democracy 
136flag of Cayman IslandsCayman Islandsdependent territory of the UK 
137flag of Central African RepublicCentral African Republicrepublic one-party presidential regime since 1986 
138flag of ChadChadrepublic 
139flag of ChileChilerepublic 
140flag of ChinaChinaCommunist Party - led state 
141flag of High Commissioner of the Republic Jean MONTPEZATHigh Commissioner of the Republic Jean MONTPEZATFrench possession administered by France from French Polynesia by 
142flag of British Virgin IslandsBritish Virgin Islandsdependent territory of the UK 
143flag of Cocos IslandsCocos Islandsterritory of Australia 
144flag of ColombiaColombiarepublic; executive branch dominates government structure 
145flag of ComorosComorosindependent republic 
146flag of CongoCongorepublic 
147flag of Cook IslandsCook Islandsself-governing in free association with New Zealand; Cook Islands fully responsible for internal affairs; New Zealand retains responsibility for external affairs in consultation with the Cook Islands 
148flag of Coral Sea IslandsCoral Sea Islandsterritory of Australia administered by the Minister for Arts; Sport the Environment Tourism and Territories Roslyn KELLY 
149flag of Costa RicaCosta Ricademocratic republic 
150flag of CroatiaCroatiaparliamentary democracy 
151flag of CubaCubaCommunist state 
152flag of CyprusCyprusrepublic; a disaggregation of the two ethnic communities inhabiting the island began after the outbreak of communal strife in 1963; this separation was further solidified following the Turkish invasion of the island in July 1974 which gave the Turkish Cypriots de facto control in the north; Greek Cypriots control the only internationally recognized government; on 15 November 1983 Turkish Cypriot President Rauf DENKTASH declared independence and the formation of a Turkish Republic of Northern 
153flag of Côte d'IvoireCôte d'Ivoirerepublic; multiparty presidential regime established 1960 
154flag of DenmarkDenmarkconstitutional monarchy 
155flag of DjiboutiDjiboutirepublic 
156flag of BruneiBruneiconstitutional sultanate 
157flag of British Indian Ocean TerritoryBritish Indian Ocean Territorydependent territory of the UK 
158flag of Dominican RepublicDominican Republicrepublic 
159flag of BahrainBahraintraditional monarchy 
160flag of AlgeriaAlgeriarepublic 
161flag of American SamoaAmerican Samoaunincorporated and unorganized territory of the US; 
162flag of France and Spanish bishop of Seo de Urgel who are represented locally by officials called veguersFrance and Spanish bishop of Seo de Urgel who are represented locally by officials called veguersunique coprincipality under formal sovereignty of president of 
163flag of AngolaAngolain transition from a one-party Marxist state to a multiparty democracy with a strong presidential system 
164flag of AnguillaAnguilladependent territory of the UK 
165flag of Antigua and BarbudaAntigua and Barbudaparliamentary democracy 
166flag of ArgentinaArgentinarepublic 
167flag of ArmeniaArmeniarepublic 
168flag of ArubaArubapart of the Dutch realm - full autonomy in internal affairs obtained in 1986 upon separation from the Netherlands Antilles 
169flag of Arts Sports the Environment Tourism and Territories - Roslyn KELLYArts Sports the Environment Tourism and Territories - Roslyn KELLYterritory of Australia administered by the Australian Minister for 
170flag of AustraliaAustraliafederal parliamentary state 
171flag of AustriaAustriafederal republic 
172flag of AzerbaijanAzerbaijanrepublic 
173flag of Wildlife Service of the US Department of the Interior as part of theWildlife Service of the US Department of the Interior as part of theunincorporated territory of the US administered by the Fish and 
174flag of BrazilBrazilfederal republic 
175flag of BangladeshBangladeshrepublic 
176flag of BarbadosBarbadosparliamentary democracy 
177flag of Jacques DEWATREJacques DEWATREFrench possession administered by Commissioner of the Republic 
178flag of BelarusBelarusrepublic 
179flag of BelgiumBelgiumconstitutional monarchy 
180flag of BelizeBelizeparliamentary democracy 
181flag of December 1989; democratic reforms adopted February 1990; transition to multiparty system completed 4 April 1991December 1989; democratic reforms adopted February 1990; transition to multiparty system completed 4 April 1991republic under multiparty democratic rule; dropped Marxism-Leninism 
182flag of BermudaBermudadependent territory of the UK 
183flag of BhutanBhutanmonarchy; special treaty relationship with India 
184flag of BoliviaBoliviarepublic 
185flag of Bosnia and HerzegovinaBosnia and Herzegovinaemerging democracy 
186flag of BotswanaBotswanaparliamentary republic 
187flag of Bouvet IslandBouvet Islandterritory of Norway 
188flag of DominicaDominicaparliamentary democracy 
189flag of EcuadorEcuadorrepublic 
190flag of LaosLaosCommunist state 
191flag of ItalyItalyrepublic 
192flag of Holy SeeHoly Seemonarchical-sacerdotal state 
193flag of HondurasHondurasrepublic 
194flag of Hong KongHong Kongdependent territory of the UK; scheduled to revert to China in 1997 
195flag of Wildlife Service of the US Department of the Interior as part of theWildlife Service of the US Department of the Interior as part of theunincorporated territory of the US administered by the Fish and 
196flag of HungaryHungaryrepublic 
197flag of IcelandIcelandrepublic 
198flag of IndiaIndiafederal republic 
199flag of IndonesiaIndonesiarepublic 
200flag of IranIrantheocratic republic 
201flag of IraqIraqrepublic 
202flag of IrelandIrelandrepublic 
203flag of Isle of ManIsle of ManBritish crown dependency 
204flag of IsraelIsraelrepublic 
205flag of JamaicaJamaicaparliamentary democracy 
206flag of HaitiHaitirepublic 
207flag of Jan MayenJan Mayenterritory of Norway 
208flag of JapanJapanconstitutional monarchy 
209flag of Wildlife Service of the US Department of the Interior as part of theWildlife Service of the US Department of the Interior as part of theunincorporated territory of the US administered by the Fish and 
210flag of JerseyJerseyBritish crown dependency 
211flag of Nuclear AgencyNuclear Agencyunincorporated territory of the US administered by the US Defense 
212flag of JordanJordanconstitutional monarchy 
213flag of Jacques DEWATRE resident in ReunionJacques DEWATRE resident in ReunionFrench possession administered by Commissioner of the Republic 
214flag of KazakhstanKazakhstanrepublic 
215flag of KenyaKenyarepublic 
216flag of Kingman ReefKingman Reefunincorporated territory of the US administered by the US Navy 
217flag of KiribatiKiribatirepublic 
218flag of KuwaitKuwaitnominal constitutional monarchy 
219flag of KyrgyzstanKyrgyzstanrepublic 
220flag of Heard Island and McDonald IslandsHeard Island and McDonald Islandsterritory of Australia administered by the Antarctic Division of the Department of Science in Canberra 
221flag of GuyanaGuyanarepublic 
222flag of EgyptEgyptrepublic 
223flag of Administrator Bernard de GOUTTESAdministrator Bernard de GOUTTESoverseas territory of France since 1955; governed by High 
224flag of El SalvadorEl Salvadorrepublic 
225flag of Equatorial GuineaEquatorial Guinearepublic in transition to multiparty democracy 
226flag of EstoniaEstoniarepublic 
227flag of FrontFronton 28 May 1991 the Ethiopian People's Revolutionary Democratic 
228flag of Jacques DEWATREJacques DEWATREFrench possession administered by Commissioner of the Republic 
229flag of Falkland IslandsFalkland Islandsdependent territory of the UK 
230flag of Faroe IslandsFaroe Islandspart of the Danish realm; self-governing overseas administrative division of Denmark 
231flag of Compact of Free Association entered into force 3 November 1986Compact of Free Association entered into force 3 November 1986constitutional government in free association with the US; the 
232flag of Fiji a republic on 6 October 1987Fiji a republic on 6 October 1987military coup leader Maj. Gen 
233flag of FinlandFinlandrepublic 
234flag of FranceFrancerepublic 
235flag of French GuianaFrench Guianaoverseas department of France 
236flag of French PolynesiaFrench Polynesiaoverseas territory of France since 1946 
237flag of GabonGabonrepublic; multiparty presidential regime 
238flag of GuineaGuinearepublic 
239flag of GeorgiaGeorgiarepublic 
240flag of GermanyGermanyfederal republic 
241flag of GhanaGhanamilitary 
242flag of GibraltarGibraltardependent territory of the UK 
243flag of Jacques DEWATRE resident in ReunionJacques DEWATRE resident in ReunionFrench possession administered by Commissioner of the Republic 
244flag of GreeceGreecepresidential parliamentary government; monarchy rejected by referendum 8 December 1974 
245flag of GreenlandGreenlandpart of the Danish realm; self-governing overseas administrative division 
246flag of GrenadaGrenadaparliamentary democracy 
247flag of GuadeloupeGuadeloupeoverseas department of France 
248flag of Territorial and International Affairs US Department of the InteriorTerritorial and International Affairs US Department of the Interiororganized unincorporated territory of the US; policy relations between Guam and the US are under the jurisdiction of the Office of 
249flag of GuatemalaGuatemalarepublic 
250flag of GuernseyGuernseyBritish crown dependency 
251flag of African Party for the Independence of Guinea-Bissau and Cape VerdeAfrican Party for the Independence of Guinea-Bissau and Cape Verderepublic; highly centralized multiparty since mid-1991; the 
252flag of ZimbabweZimbabweparliamentary democracy 


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