Algeria 1989Algeria

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Algeria - Introduction 1989
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Background: After a century of rule by France Algeria became independent in 1962.

Algeria - Geography 1989
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Geographic coordinates

Map reference


Land boundaries:
6,343 km total
Libya 982 km, Mali 1,376 km, Mauritania 463 km, Morocco 1,559 km, Niger 956 km, Tunisia 965 km, Western Sahara 42 km

Coastline: 998 km

Maritime claims: Territorial sea:12 nm

Climate: arid to semiarid; mild, wet winters with hot, dry summers along coast; drier with cold winters and hot summers on high plateau; sirocco is a hot, dust/sand-laden wind especially common in summer

Terrain: mostly high plateau and desert; some mountains; narrow, discontinuous coastal plain


Natural resources: crude oil, natural gas, iron ore, phosphates, uranium, lead, zinc
Land use

Land use: 3% arable land; NEGL% permanent crops; 13% meadows and pastures; 2% forest and woodland; 82% other; includes NEGL% irrigated

Irrigated land

Major rivers

Major watersheds area km²

Total water withdrawal

Total renewable water resources

Natural hazards

Note: second largest country in Africa (after Sudan)

Algeria - People 1989
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Population: 24,946,073 (July 1989), growth rate 3.0% (1989)

Nationality: noun - Algerian(s; adjective - Algerian

Ethnic groups: 99% Arab-Berber, less than 1% European

Languages: Arabic (official), French, Berber dialects

Religions: 99% Sunni Muslim (state religion; 1% Christian and Jewish

Demographic profile
Age structure

Age structure

Dependency ratios

Median age

Population growth rate

Birth rate: 38 births/1000 population (1989)

Death rate: 8 deaths/1000 population (1989)

Net migration rate: 0 migrants/1000 population (1989)

Population distribution


Major urban areas

Current issues: mountainous areas subject to severe earthquakes; desertification

Air pollutants

Sex ratio

Mothers mean age at first birth

Maternal mortality ratio

Infant mortality rate: 73 deaths/1000 live births (1989)

Life expectancy at birth: 63 years male, 67 years female (1989)

Total fertility rate: 5.6 children born/woman (1989)

Contraceptive prevalence rate

Drinking water source

Current health expenditure

Physicians density

Hospital bed density

Sanitation facility access


Major infectious diseases

Obesity adult prevalence rate

Alcohol consumption

Tobacco use

Children under the age of 5 years underweight

Education expenditures

Literacy: 52%

School life expectancy primary to tertiary education

Youth unemployment

Algeria - Government 1989
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Country name: conventional long form: Democratic and Popular Republic of Algeria

Government type: republic

Capital: Algiers

Administrative divisions: 31 provinces (wilayat, singular - wilaya; Adrar, Alger, Annaba, Batna, Bechar, Bejaia, Biskra, Blida, Bouira, Constantine, Djelfa, El Asnam, Guelma, Jijel, Laghouat, Mascara, Medea, Mostaganem, M'sila, Oran, Ouargla, Oum el Bouaghi, Saida, Setif, Sidi Bel Abbes, Skikda, Tamanrasset, Tebessa, Tiaret, Tizi Ouzou, Tlemcen; note - there may now be 48 provinces with El Asnam abolished, and the addition of 18 new provinces named Ain Delfa, Ain Temouchent, Bordjbou, Boumerdes, Chlef, El Bayadh, El Oued, El Tarf, Illizi, Jijel, Khenchela, Mila, Naama, Relizane, Souk Ahras, Tindouf, Tipaza, Tissemsilt

Dependent areas

Independence: 5 July 1962 (from France)

National holiday: Anniversary of the Revolution, 1 November (1954)

Constitution: 19 November 1976, effective 22 November 1976

Legal system: socialist, based on French and Islamic law; judicial review of legislative acts in ad hoc Constitutional Council composed of various public officials, including several Supreme Court justices; Supreme Court divided into four chambers; has not accepted compulsory ICJ jurisdiction

International law organization participation


Suffrage: universal at age 18

Executive branch: Chief of State - President Chadli BENDJEDID (since 7 February 1979; Head of Government - Prime Minister Kasdi MERBAH (since 6 November 1988)

Legislative branch: Army, Navy, Air Force, National Gendarmerie

Judicial branch

Political parties and leaders

International organization participation: AfDB, AIOEC, Arab League, ASSIMER, CCC, FAO, G-77, GATT (de facto), IAEA, IBRD, ICAO, IDA, IDB - Islamic Development Bank, IFAD, ILO, IMF, IMO, INTELSAT, ILZSG, INTERPOL, IOOC, ITU, NAM, OAPEC, OAU, OIC, OPEC, UN, UNESCO, UPU, WHO, WIPO, WMO

Diplomatic representation
In the us: Ambassador Mohamed SAHNOUN; Chancery at 2,118 Kalorama Road NW, Washington DC 20,008; telephone (202) 328-5,300; US - Ambassador Christopher W. S. ROSS; Embassy at 4 Chemin Cheich Bachir Brahimi, Algiers (mailing address is B. P. Box 549, Alger-Gare, 16,000 Algiers; telephone Õ213å (2) 601-425 or 255, 186; there is a US Consulate in Oran

Flag descriptionflag of Algeria: two equal vertical bands of green (hoist side) and white with a red \ five-pointed star within a red crescent; the crescent, star, and color green are traditional symbols of Islam (the state religion)

National symbols

National anthem

National heritage

Algeria - Economy 1989
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Economy overview: The exploitation of oil and natural gas products forms the backbone of the economy. Algeria depends on hydrocarbons for nearly all of its export receipts, about 30% of government revenues, and nearly 25% of GDP. In 1973-74 the sharp increase in oil prices led to a booming economy that helped to finance an ambitious program of industrialization. Plunging oil and gas prices, combined with the mismanagement of Algeria's highly centralized economy, have brought the nation to its most serious social and economic crisis since independence. The government has promised far-reaching reforms, including the privatization of industry.

Real gdp purchasing power parity

Real gdp growth rate

Real gdp per capita ppp

Gross national saving
Gdp composition by sector of origin

Gdp composition by end use

Gdp composition by sector of origin

Agriculture products: accounts for 8% of GDP and employs 24% of labor force; net importer of food - grain, vegetable oil, and sugar; farm production includes wheat, barley, oats, grapes, olives, citrus, fruits, sheep, and cattle

Industries: petroleum, light industries, natural gas, mining, electrical, petrochemical, food processing

Industrial production growth rate: 5.4% (1986)

Labor force:
3,700,000; 40%
industry and commerce, 30% agriculture, 17% government, 10%
services (1984)

Labor force

Unemployment rate: 19% (1988)

Youth unemployment

Population below poverty line

Gini index

Household income or consumption by percentage share

Distribution of family income gini index

Budget: revenues $20.6 billion; expenditures $23.1 billion, including capital expenditures of $9.6 billion (1987 est.)

Public debt

Taxes and other revenues


Fiscal year: calendar year

Current account balance

Inflation rate consumer prices

Central bank discount rate

Commercial bank prime lending rate

Stock of narrow money

Stock of broad money

Stock of domestic credit

Market value of publicly traded shares

Current account balance

Exports: $8.1 billion (f.o.b., 1988)
Commodities: petroleum and natural gas 98%
Partners: Netherlands, Czechoslovakia, Romania, Italy, France, US

Imports: $6.1 billion (f.o.b., 1988)
Commodities: capital goods 35%, consumer goods 36%, food 20%
Partners: France 25%, Italy 8%, FRG 8%, US 6-7%

Reserves of foreign exchange and gold

Debt external: $32.1 billion (December 1988)

Stock of direct foreign investment at home

Stock of direct foreign investment abroad

Exchange rates: Algerian dinars (DA) per US$1 - 6.8537 (January 1989), 5.9148 (1988), 4.8497 (1987), 4.7023 (1986), 5.0278 (1985)

Algeria - Energy 1989
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Electricity access

Electricity production

Electricity consumption

Electricity exports

Electricity imports

Electricity installed generating capacity

Electricity transmission distribution losses

Electricity generation sources


Refined petroleum

Natural gas

Carbon dioxide emissions

Energy consumption per capita

Algeria - Communication 1989
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Telephones fixed lines

Telephones mobile cellular

Telephone system

Broadcast media

Internet country code

Internet users

Broadband fixed subscriptions

Algeria - Military 1989
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Military expenditures
Dollar figure: $1.067 billion, 5.4% of central government budget (1988)

Military and security forces

Military service age and obligation

Terrorist groups

Algeria - Transportation 1989
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National air transport system

Civil aircraft registration country code prefix

Airports: 150 total, 145 usable; 54 with permanent-surface runways; 2 with runways over 3,660 m; 27 with runways 2,440-3,659 m; 73 with runways 1,220-2,439 m; 32 with runways under 1,000 m

Airports with paved runways

Airports with unpaved runways


Pipelines: crude oil, 6,612 km; refined products, 298 km; natural gas, 2,948 km




Merchant marine: 73 ships (1,000 GRT or over) totaling 863,609 GRT/966,735 DWT; includes 5 passenger, 27 cargo, 2 vehicle carrier, 10 roll-on/roll-off cargo, 5 petroleum, oils, and lubricants (POL) tanker, 9 liquefied gas, 7 chemical tanker, 7 bulk, 1 specialized liquid cargo

Ports and terminals

Algeria - Transnational issues 1989
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Disputes international: Libya claims about 19,400 km² in southeastern Algeria

Refugees and internally displaced persons

Illicit drugs


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