Guadeloupe 1989Guadeloupe

 Guadeloupe | | | | | |
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Guadeloupe - Introduction 1989
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Background: Guadeloupe has been a French possession since 1635. The island of Saint-Martin is divided with the Netherlands (whose southern portion is named Sint Maarten and is part of the Netherlands Antilles).

Guadeloupe - Geography 1989
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Geographic coordinates

Map reference


Land boundaries: none

Coastline: 306 km

Maritime claims
Continental shelf: 200 meters or to depth of exploitation
Extended economic zone: 200 nm
Territorial sea: 12 nm

Climate: subtropical tempered by trade winds; relatively high humidity

Terrain: Basse-Terre is volcanic in origin with interior mountains; Grand-Terre is low limestone formation


Natural resources: cultivable land, beaches and climate that foster tourism
Land use

Land use: 18% arable land; 5% permanent crops; 13% meadows and pastures; 40% forest and woodland; 24% other; includes 1% irrigated

Irrigated land

Major rivers

Major watersheds area km²

Total water withdrawal

Total renewable water resources

Natural hazards

Note: defense is responsibility of France

Guadeloupe - People 1989
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Population: 341,430 (July 1989), growth rate 0.8% (1989)

Nationality: noun - Guadeloupian(s; adjective - Guadeloupe

Ethnic groups: 90% black or mulatto; 5% white; less than 5% East Indian, Lebanese, Chinese

Languages: French, creole patois

Religions: 95% Roman Catholic, 5% Hindu and pagan African

Demographic profile
Age structure

Age structure

Dependency ratios

Median age

Population growth rate

Birth rate: 21 births/1000 population (1989)

Death rate: 7 deaths/1000 population (1989)

Net migration rate: - 6 migrants/1000 population (1989)

Population distribution


Major urban areas

Current issues: subject to hurricanes (June to October; La Soufriere is an active volcano

Air pollutants

Sex ratio

Mothers mean age at first birth

Maternal mortality ratio

Infant mortality rate: 13 deaths/1000 live births (1989)

Life expectancy at birth: 70 years male, 77 years female (1989)

Total fertility rate: 2.3 children born/woman (1989)

Contraceptive prevalence rate

Drinking water source

Current health expenditure

Physicians density

Hospital bed density

Sanitation facility access


Major infectious diseases

Obesity adult prevalence rate

Alcohol consumption

Tobacco use

Children under the age of 5 years underweight

Education expenditures

Literacy: over 70%

School life expectancy primary to tertiary education

Youth unemployment

Guadeloupe - Government 1989
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Country name: conventional long form: Department of Guadeloupe

Government type: overseas department of France

Capital: Basse-Terre

Administrative divisions: none (overseas department of France)

Dependent areas

Independence: none (overseas department of France)

National holiday: Taking of the Bastille, 14 July (1789)

Constitution: 28 September 1958 (French Constitution)

Legal system: French legal system; highest local court is a court of appeal based in Martinique with jurisdiction over Guadeloupe, French Guiana, and Martinique

International law organization participation


Suffrage: universal over age 18

Executive branch: Chief of State - President Francois Maurice MITTERRAND (since 21 May 1981; Head of Government - Commissioner of the Republic Bernard SARAZIN (since NA 1987)

Legislative branch: executive - prefect appointed by Paris; legislative - popularly elected General Council of 36 members and a Regional Council composed of members of the local General Council and the locally elected deputies and senators to the French parliament; judicial - under jurisdiction of French judicial system

Judicial branch

Political parties and leaders

International organization participation: WFTU

Diplomatic representation
In the us: as an overseas department of France, Guadeloupe interests are represented in the US by France

Flag descriptionflag of Guadeloupe: the flag of France is used

National symbols

National anthem

National heritage

Guadeloupe - Economy 1989
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Economy overview: The economy depends on agriculture, tourism, light industry, and services. It is also dependent upon France for large subsidies and income and social transfers. Tourism is a key industry, with most tourists from the US. In addition, an increasingly large number of cruise ships visit the islands. The traditionally important sugarcane crop is slowly being replaced by other crops, such as bananas (which now supply about 50% of export earnings), eggplant, and flowers. Other vegetables and root crops are cultivated for local consumption, though Guadeloupe is still dependent on imported food, which comes mainly from France. Light industry consists mostly of sugar and rum production. Most manufactured goods and fuel are imported. Unemployment is especially high among the young.

Real gdp purchasing power parity

Real gdp growth rate

Real gdp per capita ppp

Gross national saving
Gdp composition by sector of origin

Gdp composition by end use

Gdp composition by sector of origin

Agriculture products: sugarcane, bananas, pineapples, vegetables

Industries: construction, cement, rum, sugar, tourism

Industrial production growth rate: NA%

Labor force:
120,000; 53.0%
services, government, and commerce, 25.8%
industry, 21.2% agriculture

Labor force

Unemployment rate: 25% (1983)

Youth unemployment

Population below poverty line

Gini index

Household income or consumption by percentage share

Distribution of family income gini index

Budget: revenues $380.5 million; expenditures NA, including capital expenditures of NA (1985)

Public debt

Taxes and other revenues


Fiscal year: calendar year

Current account balance

Inflation rate consumer prices

Central bank discount rate

Commercial bank prime lending rate

Stock of narrow money

Stock of broad money

Stock of domestic credit

Market value of publicly traded shares

Current account balance

Exports: $75 million (f.o.b., 1985)
Commodities: bananas, sugar, rum
Partners: France 72%, Martinique 16% (1984)

Imports: $647 million (c.i.f., 1985)
Commodities: vehicles, foodstuffs, clothing and other consumer goods, construction materials, petroleum products
Partners: France 59%, (1984)

Reserves of foreign exchange and gold

Debt external: $NA

Stock of direct foreign investment at home

Stock of direct foreign investment abroad

Exchange rates: French francs (F) per US$1 - 6.2503 (January 1989), 5.9569 (1988), 6.0107 (1987), 6.9261 (1986), 8.9852 (1985)

Guadeloupe - Energy 1989
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Electricity access

Electricity production

Electricity consumption

Electricity exports

Electricity imports

Electricity installed generating capacity

Electricity transmission distribution losses

Electricity generation sources


Refined petroleum

Natural gas

Carbon dioxide emissions

Energy consumption per capita

Guadeloupe - Communication 1989
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Telephones fixed lines

Telephones mobile cellular

Telephone system

Broadcast media

Internet country code

Internet users

Broadband fixed subscriptions

Guadeloupe - Military 1989
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Military expenditures

Military and security forces

Military service age and obligation

Terrorist groups

Guadeloupe - Transportation 1989
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National air transport system

Civil aircraft registration country code prefix

Airports: 9 total, 9 usable, 8 with permanent-surface runways; 1 with runways 2,440-3,659 m; 1 with runways 1,220-2,439 m

Airports with paved runways

Airports with unpaved runways






Merchant marine

Ports and terminals

Guadeloupe - Transnational issues 1989
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Disputes international

Refugees and internally displaced persons

Illicit drugs

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