Norfolk Island 1989Norfolk%20Island

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Norfolk Island
Norfolk Island 

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Norfolk Island - Introduction 1989
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Background: Two British attempts at establishing the island as a penal colony (1788-1814 and 1825-55) were ultimately abandoned. In 1856 the island was resettled by Pitcairn Islanders descendants of the Bounty mutineers and their Tahitian companions.


Norfolk Island - Geography 1989
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Location

Geographic coordinates

Map reference

Area

Land boundaries: none

Coastline: 32 km

Maritime claims
Contiguous zone: 12 nm
Continental shelf: 200 meters or to depth of exploitation
Exclusive fishing zone: 200 nm
Territorial sea: 3 nm

Climate: subtropical, mild, little seasonal temperature variation

Terrain: volcanic formation with mostly rolling plains

Elevation

Natural resources: fish
Land use

Land use: 0% arable land; 0% permanent crops; 25% meadows and pastures; 0% forest and woodland; 75% other

Irrigated land

Major rivers

Major watersheds area km²

Total water withdrawal

Total renewable water resources

Natural hazards

Geography
Note: defense is the responsibility of Australia


Norfolk Island - People 1989
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Population: 2,490 (July 1989), growth rate 1.7% (1989)

Nationality: noun - Norfolk Islander(s; adjective - Norfolk Islander(s)

Ethnic groups: descendants of the Bounty mutiny; more recently, Australian and New Zealand settlers

Languages: English (official) and Norfolk - a mixture of 18th Century English and ancient Tahitian

Religions: Anglican, Roman Catholic, Uniting Church in Australia, and Seventh-Day Adventist

Demographic profile
Age structure

Age structure

Dependency ratios

Median age

Population growth rate

Birth rate: NA births/1000 population (1989)

Death rate: NA deaths/1000 population (1989)

Net migration rate: NA migrants/1000 population (1989)

Population distribution

Urbanization

Major urban areas

Environment
Current issues: subject to typhoons (especially May to July)

Air pollutants

Sex ratio

Mothers mean age at first birth

Maternal mortality ratio

Infant mortality rate: NA deaths/1000 live births (1989)

Life expectancy at birth: NA years male, NA years female (1989)

Total fertility rate: NA children born/woman (1989)

Contraceptive prevalence rate

Drinking water source

Current health expenditure

Physicians density

Hospital bed density

Sanitation facility access

Hiv/Aids

Major infectious diseases

Obesity adult prevalence rate

Alcohol consumption

Tobacco use

Children under the age of 5 years underweight

Education expenditures

Literacy: NA%, but probably high

School life expectancy primary to tertiary education

Youth unemployment


Norfolk Island - Government 1989
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Country name: conventional long form: Territory of Norfolk Island

Government type: territory of Australia

Capital: Kingston (administrative center), Burnt Pine (commercial center)

Administrative divisions: none (territory of Australia)

Dependent areas

Independence: none (territory of Australia)

National holiday: Pitcairners Arrival Day Anniversary, 8 June (1856)

Constitution: Norfolk Island Act of 1957

Legal system: wide legislative and executive responsibility under the Norfolk Island Act of 1979; Supreme Court

International law organization participation

Citizenship

Suffrage: proportional representation; all persons born on the island are Australian citizens

Executive branch: Chief of State - Queen ELIZABETH II (since 6 February 1952), represented by Administrator Commodore John A. MATTHEW (since NA 19 ), who is appointed by the Australian Governor General Head of Government - Assembly President and Chief Minister John Terence BROWN (since NA 19 )

Legislative branch: nine-member elected Legislative Assembly; chief executive is Australian administrator named by governor general

Judicial branch

Political parties and leaders

International organization participation

Diplomatic representation
In the us: none (territory of Australia)

Flag descriptionflag of Norfolk%20Island: three vertical bands of green (hoist side), white, and green with a large green Norfolk Island pine tree centered in the slightly wider white band

National symbols

National anthem

National heritage


Norfolk Island - Economy 1989
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Economy overview: The primary economic activity is tourism, which has brought a level of prosperity unusual among inhabitants of the Pacific Islands. The number of visitors has increased steadily over the years and reached almost 30,000 in 1986. Revenues from tourism have given the island a favorable balance of trade and helped the agricultural sector to become self-sufficient in the production of beef, poultry, and eggs.

Real gdp purchasing power parity

Real gdp growth rate

Real gdp per capita ppp

Gross national saving
Gdp composition by sector of origin

Gdp composition by end use

Gdp composition by sector of origin

Agriculture products: Norfolk Island pine seed, Kentia palm seed, cereals, vegetables, fruit, cattle, poultry

Industries: tourism

Industrial production growth rate: NA%

Labor force: NA
Labor force

Unemployment rate: NA%

Youth unemployment

Population below poverty line

Gini index

Household income or consumption by percentage share

Distribution of family income gini index

Budget: revenues $3.4 million; expenditures $3.4 million, including capital expenditures of NA (FY88)

Public debt

Taxes and other revenues

Revenue

Fiscal year: 1 July-30 June

Current account balance

Inflation rate consumer prices

Central bank discount rate

Commercial bank prime lending rate

Stock of narrow money

Stock of broad money

Stock of domestic credit

Market value of publicly traded shares

Current account balance

Exports: $1.8 million (f.o.b., FY85)
Commodities: postage stamps, seeds of the Norfolk Island pine and Kentia Palm, small quantities of avocados
Partners: Australia, Pacific Islands, NZ, Asia, Europe

Imports: $16.3 million (c.i.f., FY85)
Commodities: NA
Partners: Australia, Pacific Islands, NZ, Asia, Europe

Reserves of foreign exchange and gold

Debt external: NA

Stock of direct foreign investment at home

Stock of direct foreign investment abroad

Exchange rates: Australian dollars ($A) per US$1 - 1.1493 (January 1989), 1.2752 (1988), 1.4267 (1987), 1.4905 (1986), 1.4269 (1985)


Norfolk Island - Energy 1989
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Electricity access

Electricity production

Electricity consumption

Electricity exports

Electricity imports

Electricity installed generating capacity

Electricity transmission distribution losses

Electricity generation sources

Petroleum

Refined petroleum

Natural gas

Carbon dioxide emissions

Energy consumption per capita


Norfolk Island - Communication 1989
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Telephones fixed lines

Telephones mobile cellular

Telephone system

Broadcast media

Internet country code

Internet users

Broadband fixed subscriptions


Norfolk Island - Military 1989
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Military expenditures

Military and security forces

Military service age and obligation

Terrorist groups


Norfolk Island - Transportation 1989
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National air transport system

Civil aircraft registration country code prefix

Airports: 1 with permanent-surface runways 1,220-2,439 m (Australian owned)

Airports with paved runways

Airports with unpaved runways

Heliports

Pipelines

Railways

Roadways

Waterways

Merchant marine

Ports and terminals


Norfolk Island - Transnational issues 1989
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Disputes international

Refugees and internally displaced persons

Illicit drugs


Skytours


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