Saint Vincent and the Grenadines 1989Saint%20Vincent%20and%20the%20Grenadines

 Saint Vincent and the Grenadines | | | | | |
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Saint Vincent and the Grenadines
Saint Vincent and the Grenadines 

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Saint Vincent and the Grenadines - Introduction 1989
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Background: Disputed between France and Great Britain in the 18th century Saint Vincent was ceded to the latter in 1783. Autonomy was granted in 1969 and independence in 1979.


Saint Vincent and the Grenadines - Geography 1989
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Location

Geographic coordinates

Map reference

Area

Land boundaries: none

Coastline: 84 km

Maritime claims
Extended economic zone: 200 nm
Territorial sea: 12 nm

Climate: tropical; little seasonal temperature variation; rainy season (May to November)

Terrain: volcanic, mountainous; Soufriere volcano on the island of St. Vincent

Elevation

Natural resources: negligible
Land use

Land use: 38% arable land; 12% permanent crops; 6% meadows and pastures; 41% forest and woodland; 3% other; includes 3% irrigated

Irrigated land

Major rivers

Major watersheds area km²

Total water withdrawal

Total renewable water resources

Natural hazards

Geography
Note: some islands of the Grenadines group are administered by Grenada


Saint Vincent and the Grenadines - People 1989
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Population: 104,891 (July 1989), growth rate 0.6% (1989)

Nationality: noun--St. Vincentian(s) or Vincentian(s; adjectives--St. Vincentian or Vincentian

Ethnic groups: mainly of black African descent; remainder mixed, with some white, East Indian, Carib Indian

Languages: English, some French patois

Religions: Anglican, Methodist, Roman Catholic, Seventh-Day Adventist

Demographic profile
Age structure

Age structure

Dependency ratios

Median age

Population growth rate

Birth rate: 27 births/1000 population (1989)

Death rate: 6 deaths/1000 population (1989)

Net migration rate: - 15 migrants/1000 population (1989)

Population distribution

Urbanization

Major urban areas

Environment
Current issues: subject to hurricanes; Soufriere volcano is a constant threat

Air pollutants

Sex ratio

Mothers mean age at first birth

Maternal mortality ratio

Infant mortality rate: 26 deaths/1000 live births (1989)

Life expectancy at birth: 69 years male, 74 years female (1989)

Total fertility rate: 2.9 children born/woman (1989)

Contraceptive prevalence rate

Drinking water source

Current health expenditure

Physicians density

Hospital bed density

Sanitation facility access

Hiv/Aids

Major infectious diseases

Obesity adult prevalence rate

Alcohol consumption

Tobacco use

Children under the age of 5 years underweight

Education expenditures

Literacy: 82%

School life expectancy primary to tertiary education

Youth unemployment


Saint Vincent and the Grenadines - Government 1989
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Country name: conventional long form: none

Government type: independent state within Commonwealth, recognizing Elizabeth II as Chief of State

Capital: Kingstown

Administrative divisions: 6 parishes; Charlotte, Grenadines, Saint Andrew, Saint David, Saint George, Saint Patrick

Dependent areas

Independence: 27 October 1979 (from UK)

National holiday: Independence Day, 27 October (1970)

Constitution: 27 October 1979

Legal system: based on English common law; highest judicial body is Court of Appeal of Leeward and Windward Islands

International law organization participation

Citizenship

Suffrage: universal at age 18

Executive branch: Henry Harvey WILLIAMS, Acting Governor General (since 1988; James F. MITCHELL, Prime Minister (since 1984)

Legislative branch: Royal St. Vincent and the Grenadines Police Force

Judicial branch

Political parties and leaders

International organization participation: CARICOM, EEC, FAO, G-77, GATT (de facto), IBRD, ICAO, IDA, IFAD, IMF, IMO, OAS, OECS, UN, UNESCO, UPU, WFTU, WHO

Diplomatic representation
In the us: none

Flag descriptionflag of Saint%20Vincent%20and%20the%20Grenadines: three vertical bands of blue (hoist side), gold (double width), and green; the gold band bears three green diamonds arranged in a V pattern

National symbols

National anthem

National heritage


Saint Vincent and the Grenadines - Economy 1989
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Economy overview: Agriculture, dominated by banana production, is the most important sector of the economy, providing employment for over 60% of the labor force and contributing about 20% to GDP. The services sector is next in importance, based mostly on a growing tourist industry. In 1986 services grew by 4.4% and accounted for 15% of GDP. The economy continues to have a high unemployment rate of 40% because of an overdependence on the weather-plagued banana crop as a major export earner. Government progress toward diversifying into new industries has been relatively unsuccessful.

Real gdp purchasing power parity

Real gdp growth rate

Real gdp per capita ppp

Gross national saving
Gdp composition by sector of origin

Gdp composition by end use

Gdp composition by sector of origin

Agriculture products: bananas, arrowroot, coconuts, spices, vegetables; small numbers of cattle, hogs, sheep, and goats

Industries: food processing (sugar, flour), cement, furniture, rum, starch, sheet metal, beverage

Industrial production growth rate: - 1.2% (1986)

Labor force: 67,000 (1984 est.)
Labor force

Unemployment rate: 40% (1987 est.)

Youth unemployment

Population below poverty line

Gini index

Household income or consumption by percentage share

Distribution of family income gini index

Budget: revenues $42.7 million; expenditures $67.5 million, including capital expenditures of $25.8 (FY88)

Public debt

Taxes and other revenues

Revenue

Fiscal year: 1 July-30 June

Current account balance

Inflation rate consumer prices

Central bank discount rate

Commercial bank prime lending rate

Stock of narrow money

Stock of broad money

Stock of domestic credit

Market value of publicly traded shares

Current account balance

Exports: $63.8 million (f.o.b., 1986)
Commodities: --bananas, eddoes and dasheen (taro), arrowroot starch, copra
Partners: CARICOM 60%, UK 27%, US 10%

Imports: $87.3 million (c.i.f., 1986)
Commodities: --foodstuffs, machinery and equipment, chemicals and fertilizers, minerals and fuels
Partners: US 37%, CARICOM 18%, UK 13%

Reserves of foreign exchange and gold

Debt external: $35 million (July 1987)

Stock of direct foreign investment at home

Stock of direct foreign investment abroad

Exchange rates: East Caribbean dollars (EC$) per US$1--2.70 (fixed rate since 1976)


Saint Vincent and the Grenadines - Energy 1989
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Electricity access

Electricity production

Electricity consumption

Electricity exports

Electricity imports

Electricity installed generating capacity

Electricity transmission distribution losses

Electricity generation sources

Petroleum

Refined petroleum

Natural gas

Carbon dioxide emissions

Energy consumption per capita


Saint Vincent and the Grenadines - Communication 1989
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Telephones fixed lines

Telephones mobile cellular

Telephone system

Broadcast media

Internet country code

Internet users

Broadband fixed subscriptions


Saint Vincent and the Grenadines - Military 1989
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Military expenditures
Dollar figure: NA

Military and security forces

Military service age and obligation

Terrorist groups


Saint Vincent and the Grenadines - Transportation 1989
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National air transport system

Civil aircraft registration country code prefix

Airports: 6 total, 6 usable; 4 with permanent-surface runways; 1 with runways 1,220-2,439 m

Airports with paved runways

Airports with unpaved runways

Heliports

Pipelines

Railways

Roadways

Waterways

Merchant marine: 128 ships (1,000 GRT or over) totaling 939,596 GRT/1,460,445 DWT; includes 1 passenger, 75 cargo, 4 container, 6 roll-on/roll-off cargo, 4 refrigerated cargo, 5 petroleum, oils, and lubricants (POL) tanker, 1 chemical tanker, 28 bulk, 4 combination bulk; note--a flag of convenience registry

Ports and terminals


Saint Vincent and the Grenadines - Transnational issues 1989
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Disputes international

Refugees and internally displaced persons

Illicit drugs


Iberostar Hotels


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