Saint-Pierre and Miquelon 1989Saint-Pierre%20and%20Miquelon

 Saint-Pierre and Miquelon | | | | | |
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Saint-Pierre and Miquelon
Saint-Pierre and Miquelon 


Saint-Pierre and Miquelon - Introduction 1989
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Background: First settled by the French in the early 17th century the islands represent the sole remaining vestige of France's once vast North American possessions.

Saint-Pierre and Miquelon - Geography 1989
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Geographic coordinates

Map reference


Land boundaries: none

Coastline: 120 km

Maritime claims: Contiguous zone:12 nm; Continental shelf:200 meters or to depth of exploitation; Extended economic zone:200 nm; Territorial sea:12 nm

Climate: cold and wet, with much mist and fog; spring and autumn are windy

Terrain: mostly barren rock


Natural resources: fish, deep-water ports
Land use

Land use: 13% arable land; 0% permanent crops; 0% meadows and pastures; 4% forest and woodland; 83% other

Irrigated land

Major rivers

Major watersheds area km²

Total water withdrawal

Total renewable water resources

Natural hazards

Note: located 25 km south of Newfoundland, Canada, in the North Atlantic Ocean

Saint-Pierre and Miquelon - People 1989
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Population: 6,303 (July 1989), growth rate 0.4% (1989)

Nationality: noun--Frenchman(men), Frenchwoman(women); adjective--French

Ethnic groups: originally Basques and Bretons (French fishermen)

Languages: French

Religions: 98% Roman Catholic

Demographic profile
Age structure

Age structure

Dependency ratios

Median age

Population growth rate

Birth rate: 17 births/1000 population (1989)

Death rate: 7 deaths/1000 population (1989)

Net migration rate: - 5 migrants/1000 population (1989)

Population distribution


Major urban areas

Current issues: vegetation scanty

Air pollutants

Sex ratio

Mothers mean age at first birth

Maternal mortality ratio

Infant mortality rate: 9 deaths/1000 live births (1989)

Life expectancy at birth: 72 years male, 79 years female (1989)

Total fertility rate: 2.2 children born/woman (1989)

Contraceptive prevalence rate

Drinking water source

Current health expenditure

Physicians density

Hospital bed density

Sanitation facility access


Major infectious diseases

Obesity adult prevalence rate

Alcohol consumption

Tobacco use

Children under the age of 5 years underweight

Education expenditures

Literacy: NA%, but compulsory education between 6 and 16 years of age

School life expectancy primary to tertiary education

Youth unemployment

Saint-Pierre and Miquelon - Government 1989
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Country name: conventional long form: Territorial Collectivity of Saint Pierre and Miquelon

Government type: territorial collectivity of France

Capital: St. Pierre

Administrative divisions: none (territorial collectivity of France)

Dependent areas

Independence: none (territorial collectivity of France)

National holiday: National Day, 14 July

Constitution: 28 September 1958 (French Constitution)

Legal system: superior court of appeal

International law organization participation


Suffrage: universal over age 18

Executive branch: Bernard LEURQUIN, Commissioner of the Republic; Marc PLANTEGENEST, President of the General Council

Legislative branch: executive--government commissioner appointed by Paris; legislative--popularly elected 14-member General Council for six-year terms; judiciary--under jurisdiction of French judicial system

Judicial branch

Political parties and leaders

International organization participation

Diplomatic representation
In the us: as a territorial collectivity of France, local interests are represented in the US by France

Flag descriptionflag of Saint-Pierre%20and%20Miquelon: the flag of France is used

National symbols

National anthem

National heritage

Saint-Pierre and Miquelon - Economy 1989
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Economy overview: The inhabitants have traditionally earned their livelihood by fishing and by the servicing of fishing fleets operating off the coast of Newfoundland. The economy has been declining, however, because the number of ships stopping at St. Pierre has steadily dropped over the years. Since October 1987 a dispute between France and Canada over cod quotas and territorial limits has confined St. Pierre's fishing trawlers to the islands' 200-mile extended economic zone, where the fish catch, particularly cod, has been sparse. Consequently, fish exports have virtually ceased. (The fleet is barred by Canada from using Canadian waters, its traditional fishing grounds.) The islands are heavily subsidized by France. Imports come primarily from Canada.

Real gdp purchasing power parity

Real gdp growth rate

Real gdp per capita ppp

Gross national saving
Gdp composition by sector of origin

Gdp composition by end use

Gdp composition by sector of origin

Agriculture products: vegetables, cattle, sheep and pigs for local consumption

Industries: fishing and supply base for fishing fleets; tourism

Industrial production growth rate: NA%

Labor force: 2,510 (1982)
Labor force

Unemployment rate: NA%

Youth unemployment

Population below poverty line

Gini index

Household income or consumption by percentage share

Distribution of family income gini index

Budget: revenues $5.6 million; expenditures $5.6 million, including capital expenditures of NA (1987)

Public debt

Taxes and other revenues


Fiscal year: calendar year

Current account balance

Inflation rate consumer prices

Central bank discount rate

Commercial bank prime lending rate

Stock of narrow money

Stock of broad money

Stock of domestic credit

Market value of publicly traded shares

Current account balance

Exports: $5.8 million (f.o.b., 1983)
Commodities: --fish and fish products, fox and mink pelts
Partners: --US 58%, France 17%, UK 11%, Canada, Portugal

Imports: $37.0 million (c.i.f., 1983)
Commodities: --meat, clothing, fuel, electrical equipment, machinery, building materials
Partners: Canada, France, US, Netherlands, UK

Reserves of foreign exchange and gold

Debt external: $N/A

Stock of direct foreign investment at home

Stock of direct foreign investment abroad

Exchange rates: French francs (F) per US$1--6.2503 (January 1989), 5.9569 (1988), 6.0107 (1987), 6.9261 (1986), 8.9852 (1985)

Saint-Pierre and Miquelon - Energy 1989
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Electricity access

Electricity production

Electricity consumption

Electricity exports

Electricity imports

Electricity installed generating capacity

Electricity transmission distribution losses

Electricity generation sources


Refined petroleum

Natural gas

Carbon dioxide emissions

Energy consumption per capita

Saint-Pierre and Miquelon - Communication 1989
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Telephones fixed lines

Telephones mobile cellular

Telephone system

Broadcast media

Internet country code

Internet users

Broadband fixed subscriptions

Saint-Pierre and Miquelon - Military 1989
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Military expenditures

Military and security forces

Military service age and obligation

Terrorist groups

Saint-Pierre and Miquelon - Transportation 1989
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National air transport system

Civil aircraft registration country code prefix

Airports: 2 total, 2 usable; 2 with permanent-surface runways, 1 with runways 1,220-2,439 m

Airports with paved runways

Airports with unpaved runways






Merchant marine

Ports and terminals

Saint-Pierre and Miquelon - Transnational issues 1989
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Disputes international

Refugees and internally displaced persons

Illicit drugs


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