Tokelau 1989Tokelau

 Tokelau | | | | | |
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Tokelau - Introduction 1989
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Background: Originally settled by Polynesian emigrants from surrounding island groups the Tokelau Islands were made a British protectorate in 1889. They were transferred to New Zealand administration in 1925.

Tokelau - Geography 1989
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Geographic coordinates

Map reference


Land boundaries: none

Coastline: 101 km

Maritime claims
Extended economic zone: 200 nm
Territorial sea: 12 nm

Climate: tropical; moderated by trade winds (April to November)

Terrain: coral atolls enclosing large lagoons


Natural resources: negligible
Land use

Land use: 0% arable land; 0% permanent crops; 0% meadows and pastures; 0% forest and woodland; 100% other

Irrigated land

Major rivers

Major watersheds area km²

Total water withdrawal

Total renewable water resources

Natural hazards

Note: defense is the responsibility of New Zealand

Tokelau - People 1989
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Population: 1,700 (July 1989), growth rate 0.0% (1989)

Nationality: noun - Tokelauan(s; adjective - Tokelauan

Ethnic groups: all Polynesian, with cultural ties to Western Samoa

Languages: Tokelauan (a Polynesian language) and English

Religions: 70% Congregational Christian Church, 30% Roman Catholic; on Atafu, all Congregational Christian Church of Samoa; on Nukunonu, all Roman Catholic; on Fakaofo, both denominations, with the Congregational Christian Church predominant

Demographic profile
Age structure

Age structure

Dependency ratios

Median age

Population growth rate

Birth rate: NA births/1000 population (1989)

Death rate: NA deaths/1000 population (1989)

Net migration rate: NA migrants/1000 population (1989)

Population distribution


Major urban areas

Current issues: lies in Pacific typhoon belt

Air pollutants

Sex ratio

Mothers mean age at first birth

Maternal mortality ratio

Infant mortality rate: NA deaths/1000 live births (1989)

Life expectancy at birth: NA years male, NA years female (1989)

Total fertility rate: NA children born/woman (1989)

Contraceptive prevalence rate

Drinking water source

Current health expenditure

Physicians density

Hospital bed density

Sanitation facility access


Major infectious diseases

Obesity adult prevalence rate

Alcohol consumption

Tobacco use

Children under the age of 5 years underweight

Education expenditures

Literacy: NA%, but probably high

School life expectancy primary to tertiary education

Youth unemployment

Tokelau - Government 1989
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Country name: conventional long form: none

Government type: territory of New Zealand

Capital: none, each atoll has its own administrative center

Administrative divisions: none (territory of New Zealand)

Dependent areas

Independence: none (territory of New Zealand)

National holiday: Waitangi Day (Treaty of Waitangi established British sovereignty over New Zealand), 6 February (1840)

Constitution: administered under the Tokelau Islands Act of 1948, as amended in 1970

Legal system: British and local statutes

International law organization participation


Suffrage: universal adult

Executive branch

Legislative branch: the Minister of Foreign Affairs of New Zealand is empowered to appoint an administrator to the region; the powers of the administrator are delegated to the official secretary at the Office of Tokelau Affairs in Apia, Western Samoa

Judicial branch

Political parties and leaders

International organization participation

Diplomatic representation
In the us: none (territory of New Zealand)

Flag descriptionflag of Tokelau: the flag of New Zealand is used

National symbols

National anthem

National heritage

Tokelau - Economy 1989
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Economy overview: Tokelau's small size, isolation, and lack of resources greatly restrain economic development. The islands have a subsistence economy, and the people must rely on aid from New Zealand to maintain public services. The principal sources of revenue come from sales of copra, postage stamps, souvenir coins, and handicrafts. Money is also remitted to families from relatives in New Zealand.

Real gdp purchasing power parity

Real gdp growth rate

Real gdp per capita ppp

Gross national saving
Gdp composition by sector of origin

Gdp composition by end use

Gdp composition by sector of origin

Agriculture products: coconuts, copra; basic subsistence crops - pulaka, breadfruit, pawpaw, bananas; pigs, poultry, goats

Industries: small-scale enterprises for copra production, wood work, plaited craft goods, stamps, coins

Industrial production growth rate: NA%

Labor force: NA
Labor force

Unemployment rate: NA%

Youth unemployment

Population below poverty line

Gini index

Household income or consumption by percentage share

Distribution of family income gini index

Budget: revenues $430,830; expenditures $2.8 million, including capital expenditures of $37,300 (FY87)

Public debt

Taxes and other revenues


Fiscal year: 1 April-31 March

Current account balance

Inflation rate consumer prices

Central bank discount rate

Commercial bank prime lending rate

Stock of narrow money

Stock of broad money

Stock of domestic credit

Market value of publicly traded shares

Current account balance

Exports: $98,000 (f.o.b., 1983)
Commodities: stamps, copra, handicrafts
Partners: NZ

Imports: $323,400 (c.i.f., 1983)
Commodities: foodstuffs, building materials, fuel
Partners: NZ

Reserves of foreign exchange and gold

Debt external: none

Stock of direct foreign investment at home

Stock of direct foreign investment abroad

Exchange rates: New Zealand dollars (NZ$) per US$1 - 1.5985 (January 1989), 1.5244 (1988), 1.6886 (1987), 1.9088 (1986), 2.0064 (1985)

Tokelau - Energy 1989
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Electricity access

Electricity production

Electricity consumption

Electricity exports

Electricity imports

Electricity installed generating capacity

Electricity transmission distribution losses

Electricity generation sources


Refined petroleum

Natural gas

Carbon dioxide emissions

Energy consumption per capita

Tokelau - Communication 1989
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Telephones fixed lines

Telephones mobile cellular

Telephone system

Broadcast media

Internet country code

Internet users

Broadband fixed subscriptions

Tokelau - Military 1989
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Military expenditures

Military and security forces

Military service age and obligation

Terrorist groups

Tokelau - Transportation 1989
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National air transport system

Civil aircraft registration country code prefix

Airports: none; lagoon landings by amphibious aircraft from Western Samoa

Airports with paved runways

Airports with unpaved runways






Merchant marine

Ports and terminals

Tokelau - Transnational issues 1989
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Disputes international

Refugees and internally displaced persons

Illicit drugs


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