Uganda 1989Uganda

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Uganda
Uganda 

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Uganda - Introduction 1989
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Background: Uganda achieved independence from the UK in 1962. The dictatorial regime of Idi AMIN (1971-79) was responsible for the deaths of some 300,000 opponents; guerrilla war and human rights abuses under Milton OBOTE (1980-85) claimed another 100,000 lives.


Uganda - Geography 1989
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Location

Geographic coordinates

Map reference

Area

Land boundaries: 2,698 km total; Kenya 933 km, Rwanda 169 km, Sudan 435 km, Tanzania 396 km, Democratic Republic of the Congo 765 km

Coastline: none - landlocked

Maritime claims: none - landlocked

Climate: tropical; generally rainy with two dry seasons (December to February, June to August; semiarid in northeast

Terrain: mostly plateau with rim of mountains

Elevation

Natural resources: copper, cobalt, limestone, salt
Land use

Land use: 23% arable land; 9% permanent crops; 25% meadows and pastures; 30% forest and woodland; 13% other; includes NEGL% irrigated

Irrigated land

Major rivers

Major watersheds area km²

Total water withdrawal

Total renewable water resources

Natural hazards

Geography
Note: landlocked


Uganda - People 1989
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Population: 17,007,530 (July 1989), growth rate 3.4% (1989)

Nationality: noun - Ugandan(s; adjective - Ugandan

Ethnic groups: 99% African, 1% European, Asian, Arab

Languages: English (official; Luganda and Swahili widely used; other Bantu and Nilotic languages

Religions: 33% Roman Catholic, 33% Protestant, 16% Muslim, rest indigenous beliefs

Demographic profile
Age structure

Age structure

Dependency ratios

Median age

Population growth rate

Birth rate: 49 births/1000 population (1989)

Death rate: 15 deaths/1000 population (1989)

Net migration rate: 0 migrants/1000 population (1989)

Population distribution

Urbanization

Major urban areas

Environment
Current issues: straddles Equator; deforestation; overgrazing; soil erosion

Air pollutants

Sex ratio

Mothers mean age at first birth

Maternal mortality ratio

Infant mortality rate: 99 deaths/1000 live births (1989)

Life expectancy at birth: 49 years male, 51 years female (1989)

Total fertility rate: 7.0 children born/woman (1989)

Contraceptive prevalence rate

Drinking water source

Current health expenditure

Physicians density

Hospital bed density

Sanitation facility access

Hiv/Aids

Major infectious diseases

Obesity adult prevalence rate

Alcohol consumption

Tobacco use

Children under the age of 5 years underweight

Education expenditures

Literacy: 52%

School life expectancy primary to tertiary education

Youth unemployment


Uganda - Government 1989
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Country name: conventional long form: Republic of Uganda

Government type: republic

Capital: Kampala

Administrative divisions: 10 provinces; Busoga, Central, Eastern, Karamoja, Nile, North Buganda, Northern, South Buganda, Southern, Western

Dependent areas

Independence: 9 October 1962 (from UK)

National holiday: Independence Day, 9 October (1962)

Constitution: 8 September 1967, suspended following coup of 27 July 1985; in process of constitutional revision

Legal system: government plans to restore system based on English common law and customary law and reinstitute a normal judicial system; accepts compulsory ICJ jurisdiction, with reservations

International law organization participation

Citizenship

Suffrage: universal adult

Executive branch: Chief of State President Lt. Gen. Yoweri Kaguta MUSEVENI (since 29 January 1986; Head of Government Prime Minister Samson Babi Mululu KISEKKA (since 30 January 1986; First Deputy Prime Minister Eriya KATEGAYA (since NA)

Legislative branch: National Resistance Army (NRA)

Judicial branch

Political parties and leaders

International organization participation: AfDB, CCC, Commonwealth, FAO, G-77, GATT, IAEA, IBRD, ICAC, ICAO, ICO, IDA, IDB - Islamic Development Bank, IFAD, IFC, ILO, IMF, INTELSAT, INTERPOL, ISO, ITU, NAM, OAU, OIC, UN, UNESCO, UPU, WHO, WIPO, WMO, WTO

Diplomatic representation
In the us: Ambassador Stephen Kapimpina KATENTA-APULI; 5,909 16th Street NW, Washington DC 20,011; telephone (202) 726-7,100 through 7,102; US - Ambassador John A. BURROUGHS, Jr.; Embassy at British High Commission Building, Obote Avenue, Kampala (mailing address is P. O. Box 7,007, Kampala; telephone Õ256å (41) 259,791

Flag descriptionflag of Uganda: six equal horizonal bands of black (top), yellow, red, black, yellow, and red; a white disk is superimposed at the center and depicts a red-crested crane (the national symbol) facing the staff side

National symbols

National anthem

National heritage


Uganda - Economy 1989
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Economy overview: Uganda has substantial natural resources, including fertile soils, regular rainfall, and substantial mineral deposits of copper and cobalt. For most of the past 15 years the economy has been devastated by political instability, mismanagement, and civil war, keeping Uganda poor with a per capita income below $300. (GDP remains below the levels of the early 1970s, as does industrial production.) Agriculture is the most important sector of the economy, employing over 80% of the work force. Coffee is the major export crop and accounted for 93% of export revenues in 1986. Since 1986 the government has acted to rehabilitate and stabilize the economy by undertaking currency reform, raising producer prices on export crops, increasing petroleum prices, and doubling civil service wages. The policy changes are especially aimed at dampening inflation, which was running at over 300% in 1987, and boosting export earnings.

Real gdp purchasing power parity

Real gdp growth rate

Real gdp per capita ppp

Gross national saving
Gdp composition by sector of origin

Gdp composition by end use

Gdp composition by sector of origin

Agriculture products: coffee, cotton, tobacco, tea, fish, livestock

Industries: sugar, brewing, tobacco, cotton textiles, cement

Industrial production growth rate: 14.5% (1987 est.)

Labor force: 4,500,000 (est.), 94% subsistence activities, 6% wage earners (est.), 50% of population of working age (1983)
Labor force

Unemployment rate: NA%

Youth unemployment

Population below poverty line

Gini index

Household income or consumption by percentage share

Distribution of family income gini index

Budget: revenues $470 million; expenditures $790 million, including capital expenditures of $265 million (FY88)

Public debt

Taxes and other revenues

Revenue

Fiscal year: 1 July-30 June

Current account balance

Inflation rate consumer prices

Central bank discount rate

Commercial bank prime lending rate

Stock of narrow money

Stock of broad money

Stock of domestic credit

Market value of publicly traded shares

Current account balance

Exports: $414 million (f.o.b., FY87 est.)
Commodities: coffee 93%, cotton, tea
Partners: US 27%, UK 14%, France, Spain

Imports: $492 million (c.i.f., FY87 est.)
Commodities: petroleum products, machinery, cotton piece goods, metals, transportation equipment, food
Partners: Kenya 39%, UK 17%, Japan 7%

Reserves of foreign exchange and gold

Debt external: $1.1 billion (1988)

Stock of direct foreign investment at home

Stock of direct foreign investment abroad

Exchange rates: Ugandan shillings (USh) per US$1 - 200.00 (March 1989), 106.14 (1988), 42.84 (1987), 14.00 (1986), 6.72 (1985)


Uganda - Energy 1989
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Electricity access

Electricity production

Electricity consumption

Electricity exports

Electricity imports

Electricity installed generating capacity

Electricity transmission distribution losses

Electricity generation sources

Petroleum

Refined petroleum

Natural gas

Carbon dioxide emissions

Energy consumption per capita


Uganda - Communication 1989
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Telephones fixed lines

Telephones mobile cellular

Telephone system

Broadcast media

Internet country code

Internet users

Broadband fixed subscriptions


Uganda - Military 1989
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Military expenditures
Dollar figure: NA

Military and security forces

Military service age and obligation

Terrorist groups


Uganda - Transportation 1989
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National air transport system

Civil aircraft registration country code prefix

Airports: 39 total, 33 usable; 5 with permanent-surface runways; 1 with runways over 3,659 m; 3 with runways 2,440-3,659 m; 11 with runways 1,220-2,439 m

Airports with paved runways

Airports with unpaved runways

Heliports

Pipelines

Railways

Roadways

Waterways: Lake Victoria, Lake Albert, Lake Kyoga, Lake George, Lake Edward; Victoria Nile, Albert Nile; principal inland water ports are at Jinja and Port Bell, both on Lake Victoria

Merchant marine: 1 roll-on/roll-off cargo (1,000 GRT or over) totaling 1,697 GRT

Ports and terminals


Uganda - Transnational issues 1989
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Disputes international

Refugees and internally displaced persons

Illicit drugs


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