Statistical information Anguilla 1989Anguilla

Map of Anguilla | Geography | People | Government | Economy | Energy | Communication
Military | Transportation | Transnational Issues | Year:  | More stats

Anguilla in the World
Anguilla in the World


Anguilla - Introduction 1989
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Background: Colonized by English settlers from Saint Kitts in 1650 Anguilla was administered by Great Britain until the early 19th century when the island - against the wishes of the inhabitants - was incorporated into a single British dependency along with Saint Kitts and Nevis. Several attempts at separation failed. In 1971 two years after a revolt Anguilla was finally allowed to secede; this arrangement was formally recognized in 1980 with Anguilla becoming a separate British dependency.

Anguilla - Geography 1989
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Geographic coordinates

Map reference


Land boundaries: none

Coastline: 61 km

Maritime claims
Continental shelf: 200 meters or to depth of exploitation
Exclusive fishing zone: 200 nm
Territorial sea: 3 nm

Climate: tropical; moderated by northeast trade winds

Terrain: flat and low-lying island of coral and limestone


Natural resources: negligible; salt, fish, lobsters
Land use

Land use: NA% arable land; NA% permanent crops; NA% meadows and pastures; NA% forest and woodland; NA% other; mostly rock with sparse scrub oak, few trees, some commercial salt ponds

Irrigated land

Major rivers

Major watersheds area km²

Total water withdrawal

Total renewable water resources

Natural hazards

Note: defense is the responsibility of the UK

Anguilla - People 1989
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Population: 6,847 (July 1989), growth rate 0.5% (1989)

Nationality: noun - Anguillan(s; adjective - Anguillan

Ethnic groups: mainly of black African descent

Languages: English (official)

Religions: Anglican, Methodist, and Roman Catholic

Demographic profile
Age structure

Age structure

Dependency ratios

Median age

Population growth rate

Birth rate: 24 births/1000 population (1989)

Death rate: 9 deaths/1000 population (1989)

Net migration rate: - 10 migrants/1000 population (1989)

Population distribution


Major urban areas

Current issues: frequent hurricanes, other tropical storms (July to October)

Air pollutants

Sex ratio

Mothers mean age at first birth

Maternal mortality ratio

Infant mortality rate: 19 deaths/1000 live births (1989)

Life expectancy at birth: 71 years male, 76 years female (1989)

Total fertility rate: 3.2 children born/woman (1989)

Contraceptive prevalence rate

Drinking water source

Current health expenditure

Physicians density

Hospital bed density

Sanitation facility access


Major infectious diseases

Obesity adult prevalence rate

Alcohol consumption

Tobacco use

Children under the age of 5 years underweight

Education expenditures

Literacy: 80%

School life expectancy primary to tertiary education

Youth unemployment

Anguilla - Government 1989
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Country name: conventional long form: none

Government type: dependency of the UK

Capital: The Valley

Administrative divisions: none (dependent territory of the UK)

Dependent areas

Independence: none (dependent territory of the UK)

National holiday: Anguilla Day, 30 May

Constitution: 1 April 1982

Legal system: based on English common law

International law organization participation


Suffrage: native born, resident before separation from St. Kitts and Nevis, or 15 years' residence for belonger status

Executive branch: Chief of State - Queen ELIZABETH II (since 6 February 1952), represented by Governor Geoffrey O. WHITTAKER (since NA 1987; Head of Government - Chief Minister Emile GUMBS (since NA 19 )

Legislative branch: 11-member House of Assembly, seven-member Executive Council

Judicial branch

Political parties and leaders

International organization participation: Commonwealth

Diplomatic representation
In the us: none (dependent territory of the UK)

Flag descriptionflag of Anguilla: two horizontal bands of white (top, almost triple width) and light blue with three orange dolphins in an interlocking circular design centered in the white band

National symbols

National anthem

National heritage

Anguilla - Economy 1989
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Economy overview: Having few natural resources, the economy depends heavily on offshore banking, tourism, and remittances from emigrants. In recent years the economy has benefited from a boom in tourism. Development is planned to improve the infrastructure, particularly transport and tourist facilities, and also light industry. Anguilla needs to create additional employment opportunities to help overcome a double-digit unemployment rate.

Real gdp purchasing power parity

Real gdp growth rate

Real gdp per capita ppp

Gross national saving
Gdp composition by sector of origin

Gdp composition by end use

Gdp composition by sector of origin

Agriculture products: pigeon peas, corn, sweet potatoes, sheep, goats, pigs, cattle, poultry

Industries: tourism, boat building, salt, fishing (including lobster)

Industrial production growth rate: NA%

Labor force: 2,780 (1984)
Labor force

Unemployment rate: 30% (1985)

Youth unemployment

Population below poverty line

Gini index

Household income or consumption by percentage share

Distribution of family income gini index

Budget: revenues $6.5 million; expenditures $5.7 million, including capital expenditures of $2.2 million (1986 est.)

Public debt

Taxes and other revenues


Fiscal year: NA

Current account balance

Inflation rate consumer prices

Central bank discount rate

Commercial bank prime lending rate

Stock of narrow money

Stock of broad money

Stock of domestic credit

Market value of publicly traded shares

Current account balance

Exports: $NA
Commodities: lobsters
Partners: NA

Imports: $NA
Commodities: NA
Partners: NA

Reserves of foreign exchange and gold

Debt external: $NA

Stock of direct foreign investment at home

Stock of direct foreign investment abroad

Exchange rates: East Caribbean dollars (EC$) per US$1 - 2.70 (fixed rate since 1976)

Anguilla - Energy 1989
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Electricity access

Electricity production

Electricity consumption

Electricity exports

Electricity imports

Electricity installed generating capacity

Electricity transmission distribution losses

Electricity generation sources


Refined petroleum

Natural gas

Carbon dioxide emissions

Energy consumption per capita

Anguilla - Communication 1989
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Telephones fixed lines

Telephones mobile cellular

Telephone system

Broadcast media

Internet country code

Internet users

Broadband fixed subscriptions

Anguilla - Military 1989
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Military expenditures

Military and security forces

Military service age and obligation

Terrorist groups

Anguilla - Transportation 1989
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National air transport system

Civil aircraft registration country code prefix

Airports: 3 total, 3 usable; 1 with permanent-surface runways of 1,100 m (Wallblake Airport)

Airports with paved runways

Airports with unpaved runways






Merchant marine

Ports and terminals

Anguilla - Transnational issues 1989
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Disputes international

Refugees and internally displaced persons

Illicit drugs


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