Statistical information Dominican Republic 1989Dominican%20Republic

Map of Dominican Republic | Geography | People | Government | Economy | Energy | Communication
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Dominican Republic in the World
Dominican Republic in the World


Dominican Republic - Introduction 1989
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Background: The Dominican Republic has had a legacy of unsettled mostly non-representative rule for much of the 20th century.

Dominican Republic - Geography 1989
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Geographic coordinates

Map reference


Land boundaries: 275 km with Haiti

Coastline: 1,288 km

Maritime claims
Contiguous zone: 24 nm
Continental shelf: outer edge of continental margin or 200 nm
Extended economic zone: 200 nm
Territorial sea: 6 nm

Climate: tropical maritime; little seasonal temperature variation

Terrain: rugged highlands and mountains with fertile valleys interspersed


Natural resources: nickel, bauxite, gold, silver
Land use

Land use: 23% arable land; 7% permanent crops; 43% meadows and pastures; 13% forest and woodland; 14% other; includes 4% irrigated

Irrigated land

Major rivers

Major watersheds area km²

Total water withdrawal

Total renewable water resources

Natural hazards

Note: shares island of Hispaniola with Haiti (western one-third is Haiti, eastern two-thirds is the Dominican Republic)

Dominican Republic - People 1989
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Population: 7,106,114 (July 1989), growth rate 2.1% (1989)

Nationality: noun - Dominican(s; adjective - Dominican

Ethnic groups: 73% mixed, 16% white, 11% black

Languages: Spanish

Religions: 95% Roman Catholic

Demographic profile
Age structure

Age structure

Dependency ratios

Median age

Population growth rate

Birth rate: 30 births/1000 population (1989)

Death rate: 8 deaths/1000 population (1989)

Net migration rate: - 1 migrant/1000 population (1989)

Population distribution


Major urban areas

Current issues: subject to occasional hurricanes (July to October; deforestation

Air pollutants

Sex ratio

Mothers mean age at first birth

Maternal mortality ratio

Infant mortality rate: 66 deaths/1000 live births (1989)

Life expectancy at birth: 60 years male, 64 years female (1989)

Total fertility rate: 3.3 children born/woman (1989)

Contraceptive prevalence rate

Drinking water source

Current health expenditure

Physicians density

Hospital bed density

Sanitation facility access


Major infectious diseases

Obesity adult prevalence rate

Alcohol consumption

Tobacco use

Children under the age of 5 years underweight

Education expenditures

Literacy: 74%

School life expectancy primary to tertiary education

Youth unemployment

Dominican Republic - Government 1989
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Country name: conventional long form: Dominican Republic (no short-form name)

Government type: republic

Capital: Santo Domingo

Administrative divisions: 29 provinces (provincias, singular - provincia) and 1 district* (distrito; Azua, Baoruco, Barahona, Dajabon, Distrito Nacional*, Duarte, Elias Pina, El Seibo, Espaillat, Hato Mayor, Independencia, La Altagracia, La Romana, La Vega, Maria Trinidad Sanchez, Monsenor Nouel, Monte Cristi, Monte Plata, Pedernales, Peravia, Puerto Plata, Salcedo, Samana, Sanchez Ramirez, San Cristobal, San Juan, San Pedro De Macoris, Santiago, Santiago Rodriguez, Valverde

Dependent areas

Independence: 27 February 1844 (from Haiti)

National holiday: Independence Day, 27 February (1844)

Constitution: 28 November 1966

Legal system: based on French civil codes

International law organization participation


Suffrage: universal and compulsory, over age 18 or married, except members of the armed forces and police, who cannot vote

Executive branch: Chief of State and Head of Government - President Joaquin BALAGUER Ricardo (since 16 August 1986; Vice President Carlos A. MORALES Troncoso (since 16 August 1986)

Legislative branch: Army, Navy, Air Force

Judicial branch

Political parties and leaders

International organization participation: FAO, G-77, GATT, IADB, IAEA, IBA, IBRD, ICAO, ICO, IDA, IDB - Inter-American Development Bank, IFAD, IFC, IHO, ILO, IMF, IMO, INTELSAT, INTERPOL, IOOC, IRC, ISO, ITU, OAS, PAHO, SELA, UN, UNESCO, UPU, WFTU, WHO, WMO, WTO

Diplomatic representation
In the us: Ambassador Eduardo LEON; Chancery at 1715 22nd Street NW, Washington DC 20,008; telephone (202) 332-6,280; there are Dominican Consulates General in Boston, Chicago, Los Angeles, Mayaguez (Puerto Rico), Miami, New Orleans, New York, Philadelphia, San Juan (Puerto Rico), and Consulates in Charlotte Amalie (U.S. U.S. U.S. U.S. U.S. U.S. U.S. U.S. U.S. U.S. U.S. U.S. U.S. U.S. U.S. U.S. U.S. U.S. U.S. U.S. U.S. U.S. U.S. U.S. U.S. U.S. U.S. U.S. U.S. U.S. U.S. U.S. U.S. U.S. U.S. U.S. U.S. U.S. U.S. U.S. U.S. U.S. U.S. U.S. U.S. U.S. U.S. U.S. U.S. U.S. Virgin Islands), Detroit, Houston, Jacksonville, Minneapolis, Mobile, Ponce (Puerto Rico), and San Francisco; US - Ambassador Lowell C. KILDAY; Embassy at the corner of Calle Cesar Nicolas Penson and Calle Leopoldo Navarro, Santo Domingo (mailing address is APO Miami 34,041-0008; telephone Õ809å 541-2,171

Flag descriptionflag of Dominican%20Republic: a centered white cross that extends to the edges, divides the flag into four rectangles - the top ones are blue (hoist side) and red, the bottom ones are red (hoist side) and blue; a small coat of arms is at the center of the cross

National symbols

National anthem

National heritage

Dominican Republic - Economy 1989
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Economy overview: The economy is largely dependent on the agricultural sector, which employs 50% of the labor force and provides about half of export revenues. The principal commercial crop is sugarcane, followed by coffee, cocoa, and tobacco. Industry is based on the processing of agricultural products, durable consumer goods, minerals, and chemicals. Rapid growth of free trade zones has established a significant expansion of manufacturing for export, especially clothing apparel. Over the past decade tourism has also increased in importance and is a significant earner of foreign exchange and a source of new jobs. Unemployment is officially reported at about 25%, but underemployment may be much higher.

Real gdp purchasing power parity

Real gdp growth rate

Real gdp per capita ppp

Gross national saving
Gdp composition by sector of origin

Gdp composition by end use

Gdp composition by sector of origin

Agriculture products: sugarcane, coffee, rice, cocoa, tobacco, corn

Industries: tourism, sugar processing, ferronickel and gold mining, textiles, cement, tobacco

Industrial production growth rate: 30% (1987 est.)

Labor force:
2,300,000-2,600,000; 49% agriculture, 33%
services, 18%
industry (1986)

Labor force

Unemployment rate: 25.8% (1986)

Youth unemployment

Population below poverty line

Gini index

Household income or consumption by percentage share

Distribution of family income gini index

Budget: revenues $796 million; expenditures $898 million, including capital expenditures of $405 million (1987)

Public debt

Taxes and other revenues


Fiscal year: calendar year

Current account balance

Inflation rate consumer prices

Central bank discount rate

Commercial bank prime lending rate

Stock of narrow money

Stock of broad money

Stock of domestic credit

Market value of publicly traded shares

Current account balance

Exports: $711 million (f.o.b., 1987)
Commodities: sugar, coffee, cocoa, gold, ferronickel
Partners: US, including Puerto Rico, 74%

Imports: $1.8 billion (c.i.f., 1987)
Commodities: foodstuffs, petroleum, cotton and fabrics, chemicals and pharmaceuticals
Partners: US, including Puerto Rico, 37% (1985)

Reserves of foreign exchange and gold

Debt external: $3.7 billion (December 1987)

Stock of direct foreign investment at home

Stock of direct foreign investment abroad

Exchange rates: Dominican pesos per US$1 - 6.4194 (January 1989), 6.1396 (1988), 3.8448 (1987), 2.9043 (1986), 3.1126 (1985)

Dominican Republic - Energy 1989
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Electricity access

Electricity production

Electricity consumption

Electricity exports

Electricity imports

Electricity installed generating capacity

Electricity transmission distribution losses

Electricity generation sources


Refined petroleum

Natural gas

Carbon dioxide emissions

Energy consumption per capita

Dominican Republic - Communication 1989
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Telephones fixed lines

Telephones mobile cellular

Telephone system

Broadcast media

Internet country code

Internet users

Broadband fixed subscriptions

Dominican Republic - Military 1989
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Military expenditures
Dollar figure: $42.6 million, 8.5% of central government budget (1988)

Military and security forces

Military service age and obligation

Terrorist groups

Dominican Republic - Transportation 1989
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National air transport system

Civil aircraft registration country code prefix

Airports: 46 total, 32 usable; 15 with permanent-surface runways; 3 with runways 2,440-3,659 m; 9 with runways 1,220-2,439 m islandwide radio relay network; 190,000 telephones; stations - 120 AM, no FM, 18 TV, 6 shortwave; 1 coaxial submarine cable; 1 Atlantic Ocean INTELSAT earth station

Airports with paved runways

Airports with unpaved runways


Pipelines: crude oil, 96 km; refined products, 8 km




Merchant marine: 8 cargo ships (1,000 GRT or over) totaling 37,165 GRT/63,601 DWT

Ports and terminals

Dominican Republic - Transnational issues 1989
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Disputes international

Refugees and internally displaced persons

Illicit drugs

Volotea Air

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