Statistical information Guyana 1989Guyana

Map of Guyana | Geography | People | Government | Economy | Energy | Communication
Military | Transportation | Transnational Issues | Year:  | More stats

Guyana in the World
Guyana in the World


Guyana - Introduction 1989
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Background: Guyana achieved independence from the UK in 1966 and became a republic in 1970. In 1989 Guyana launched an Economic Recovery Program which marked a dramatic reversal from a state-controlled socialist economy towards a more open free market system. Results through the first decade have proven encouraging.

Guyana - Geography 1989
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Geographic coordinates

Map reference


Land boundaries:
2,462 km total
Brazil 1,119 km, Suriname 600 km, Venezuela 743 km

Coastline: 459 km

Maritime claims
Continental shelf: outer edge of continental margin or 200 nm
Exclusive fishing zone: 200 nm
Territorial sea: 12 nm

Climate: tropical; hot, humid, moderated by northeast trade winds; two rainy seasons (May to mid-August, mid-November to mid-January)

Terrain: mostly rolling highlands; low coastal plain; savanna in south


Natural resources: bauxite, gold, diamonds, hardwood timber, shrimp, fish
Land use

Land use: 3% arable land; NEGL% permanent crops; 6% meadows and pastures; 83% forest and woodland; 8% other; includes 1% irrigated

Irrigated land

Major rivers

Major watersheds area km²

Total water withdrawal

Total renewable water resources

Natural hazards


Guyana - People 1989
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Population: 765,461 (July 1989), growth rate - 0.1% (1989)

Nationality: noun - Guyanese (sing., pl.; adjective - Guyanese

Ethnic groups: 51% East Indian, 43% black and mixed, 4% Amerindian, 2% European and Chinese

Languages: English, Amerindian dialects

Religions: 57% Christian, 33% Hindu, 9% Muslim, 1% other

Demographic profile
Age structure

Age structure

Dependency ratios

Median age

Population growth rate

Birth rate: 25 births/1000 population (1989)

Death rate: 6 deaths/1000 population (1989)

Net migration rate: - 19 migrants/1000 population (1989)

Population distribution


Major urban areas

Current issues: flash floods a constant threat during rainy seasons; water pollution

Air pollutants

Sex ratio

Mothers mean age at first birth

Maternal mortality ratio

Infant mortality rate: 41 deaths/1000 live births (1989)

Life expectancy at birth: 64 years male, 69 years female (1989)

Total fertility rate: 2.8 children born/woman (1989)

Contraceptive prevalence rate

Drinking water source

Current health expenditure

Physicians density

Hospital bed density

Sanitation facility access


Major infectious diseases

Obesity adult prevalence rate

Alcohol consumption

Tobacco use

Children under the age of 5 years underweight

Education expenditures

Literacy: 85%

School life expectancy primary to tertiary education

Youth unemployment

Guyana - Government 1989
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Country name: conventional long form: Co-operative Republic of Guyana

Government type: republic within Commonwealth

Capital: Georgetown

Administrative divisions: 10 regions; Barima-Waini, Cuyuni-Mazaruni, Demerara-Mahaica, East Berbice-Corentyne, Essequibo Islands-West Demerara, Mahaica-Berbice, Pomeroon-Supenaam, Potaro-Siparuni, Upper Demerara-Berbice, Upper Takutu-Upper Essequibo

Dependent areas

Independence: 26 May 1966 (from UK; formerly British Guiana)

National holiday: Republic Day, 23 February (1970)

Constitution: 6 October 1980

Legal system: based on English common law with certain admixtures of Roman-Dutch law; has not accepted compulsory ICJ jurisdiction

International law organization participation


Suffrage: universal at age 18

Executive branch: Chief of State - President Hugh Desmond HOYTE (since 6 August 1985; First Vice President Hamilton GREEN (since 6 August 1985; Head of Government - Prime Minister Hamilton GREEN (since 6 August 1985)

Legislative branch: Guyana Defense Force (including Maritime Corps and Air Corps), Guyana Police Force, Guyana People's Militia, Guyana National Service

Judicial branch

Political parties and leaders

International organization participation: CARICOM, CCC, CDB, FAO, G-77, GATT, IADB, IBA, IBRD, ICAO, ICJ, IDA, IDB - Inter-American Development Bank, IFAD, IFC, ILO, IMF, IMO, INTERPOL, IRC, ISO, ITU, NAM, OAS (observer), PAHO, SELA, UN, UNESCO, UPU, WFTU, WHO, WMO

Diplomatic representation
In the us: Ambassador Dr. Cedric Hilburn GRANT; Chancery at 2,490 Tracy Place NW, Washington DC 20,008; telephone (202) 265-6,900; there is a Guyanese Consulate General in New York; US - Ambassador Theresa A. TULL; Embassy at 31 Main Street, Georgetown; telephone Õ592å (02) 54,900 through 54,909

Flag descriptionflag of Guyana: green with a red isosceles triangle (based on the hoist side) superimposed on a long yellow arrowhead; there is a narrow black border between the red and yellow, and a narrow white border between the yellow and the green

National symbols

National anthem

National heritage

Guyana - Economy 1989
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Economy overview: After growing on average at less than 1% a year in 1984-87, GDP dropped by 3% in 1988, the result of bad weather, labor trouble in the canefields, and flooding and equipment problems in the bauxite industry. Consumer prices rose 51.5%, and the current account deficit widened substantially as sugar and bauxite exports fell. Moreover, electric power is in short supply and constitutes a major barrier to future gains in national output. The government, in association with international financial agencies, seeks to reduce its payment arrears and to raise new funds. The government's stabilization program - aimed at establishing realistic exchange rates, reasonable price stability, and resumption of growth - requires considerable public administrative abilities and continued patience by consumers during a long incubation period.

Real gdp purchasing power parity

Real gdp growth rate

Real gdp per capita ppp

Gross national saving
Gdp composition by sector of origin

Gdp composition by end use

Gdp composition by sector of origin

Agriculture products: sugarcane, rice, other food crops; food shortages - wheat flour, cooking oil, processed meat, dairy products

Industries: bauxite mining, sugar, rice milling, timber, fishing (shrimp), textiles, gold mining

Industrial production growth rate: - 3.0% (1986)

Labor force:
268,000; 44.5%
industry and commerce, 33.8% agriculture, 21.7%
services; public-sector employment amounts to 60-80% of the total labor force (1985)

Labor force

Unemployment rate: 13% (1986)

Youth unemployment

Population below poverty line

Gini index

Household income or consumption by percentage share

Distribution of family income gini index

Budget: revenues $110 million; expenditures $293 million, including capital expenditures of $60 million (1987 est.)

Public debt

Taxes and other revenues


Fiscal year: calendar year

Current account balance

Inflation rate consumer prices

Central bank discount rate

Commercial bank prime lending rate

Stock of narrow money

Stock of broad money

Stock of domestic credit

Market value of publicly traded shares

Current account balance

Exports: $240 million (f.o.b., 1987) commodities - bauxite, sugar, rice, shrimp, gold, molasses, timber, rum
Partners: UK 37%, US 12%, Canada 10.6%, CARICOM 4.8% (1986)
Commodities: manufactures machinery, food, petroleum

Imports: $254 million (c.i.f., 1987)
Partners: CARICOM 41%, US 18%, UK 9%, Canada 3% (1984)

Reserves of foreign exchange and gold

Debt external: $1.8 billion, including arrears (December 1988)

Stock of direct foreign investment at home

Stock of direct foreign investment abroad

Exchange rates: Guyanese dollars (G$) per US$1 - 10.0000 (fixed rate since 1987), 9.756 (1987), 4.272 (1986), 4.252 (1985)

Guyana - Energy 1989
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Electricity access

Electricity production

Electricity consumption

Electricity exports

Electricity imports

Electricity installed generating capacity

Electricity transmission distribution losses

Electricity generation sources


Refined petroleum

Natural gas

Carbon dioxide emissions

Energy consumption per capita

Guyana - Communication 1989
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Telephones fixed lines

Telephones mobile cellular

Telephone system

Broadcast media

Internet country code

Internet users

Broadband fixed subscriptions

Guyana - Military 1989
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Military expenditures
Dollar figure: $13.8 million, 3.1% of central government budget (1988)

Military and security forces

Military service age and obligation

Terrorist groups

Guyana - Transportation 1989
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National air transport system

Civil aircraft registration country code prefix

Airports: 67 total, 64 usable; 6 with permanent-surface runways; 12 with runways 1,220-2,439 m

Airports with paved runways

Airports with unpaved runways





Waterways: 6,000 km total of navigable waterways; Berbice, Demerara, and Essequibo Rivers are navigable by oceangoing vessels for 150 km, 100 km, and 80 km, respectively

Merchant marine

Ports and terminals

Guyana - Transnational issues 1989
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Disputes international: Essequibo area claimed by Venezuela; Suriname claims area between New (Upper Courantyne) and Courantyne/Kutari Rivers (all headwaters of the Courantyne)

Refugees and internally displaced persons

Illicit drugs


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