Statistical information Monaco 1989Monaco

Map of Monaco | Geography | People | Government | Economy | Energy | Communication
Military | Transportation | Transnational Issues | Year:  | More stats

Monaco in the World
Monaco in the World


Monaco - Introduction 1989
top of page

Background: Economic development was spurred in the late 19th century with a railroad linkup to France and the opening of a casino. Since then the principality's mild climate splendid scenery and gambling facilities have made Monaco world famous as a tourist and recreation center.

Monaco - Geography 1989
top of page


Geographic coordinates

Map reference


Land boundaries: 4.4 km with France

Coastline: 4.1 km

Maritime claims: Territorial sea:12 nm

Climate: Mediterranean with mild, wet winters and hot, dry summers

Terrain: hilly, rugged, rocky


Natural resources: none
Land use

Land use: 0% arable land; 0% permanent crops; 0% meadows and pastures; 0% forest and woodland; 100% other

Irrigated land

Major rivers

Major watersheds area km²

Total water withdrawal

Total renewable water resources

Natural hazards

Note: defense is the responsibility of France

Monaco - People 1989
top of page

Population: 29,188 (July 1989), growth rate 0.9% (1989)

Nationality: noun - Monacan(s) or Monegasque(s; adjective - Monacan or Monegasque

Ethnic groups: 47% French, 16% Monegasque, 16% Italian, 21% other

Languages: French (official), English, Italian, Monegasque

Religions: 95% Roman Catholic

Demographic profile
Age structure

Age structure

Dependency ratios

Median age

Population growth rate

Birth rate: 7 births/1000 population (1989)

Death rate: 7 deaths/1000 population (1989)

Net migration rate: 9 migrants/1000 population (1989)

Population distribution


Major urban areas

Current issues: almost entirely urban

Air pollutants

Sex ratio

Mothers mean age at first birth

Maternal mortality ratio

Infant mortality rate: 9 deaths/1000 live births (1989)

Life expectancy at birth: 72 years male, 80 years female (1989)

Total fertility rate: 1.2 children born/woman (1989)

Contraceptive prevalence rate

Drinking water source

Current health expenditure

Physicians density

Hospital bed density

Sanitation facility access


Major infectious diseases

Obesity adult prevalence rate

Alcohol consumption

Tobacco use

Children under the age of 5 years underweight

Education expenditures

Literacy: 99%

School life expectancy primary to tertiary education

Youth unemployment

Monaco - Government 1989
top of page

Country name: conventional long form: Principality of Monaco

Government type: constitutional monarchy

Capital: Monaco

Administrative divisions: 4 quarters (quartiers, singular - quartier; Fontvielle, La Condamine, Monaco-Ville, Monte-Carlo

Dependent areas

Independence: 1419, rule by the House of Grimaldi

National holiday: National Day, 19 November

Constitution: 17 December 1962

Legal system: based on French law; has not accepted compulsory ICJ jurisdiction

International law organization participation


Suffrage: universal adult

Executive branch: Chief of State - Prince RAINIER III (since November 1949; Heir Apparent Prince ALBERT Alexandre Louis Pierre (born 14 March 1958) Head of Government Minister of State Jean AUSSEIL (since 10 September 1985

Legislative branch: legislative branch is composed of the prince and National Council of 18 members; executive consists of the prince as chief of state, the minister of state as head of government (senior French civil servant appointed by prince), and the Council of Government as Cabinet; judicial authority is delegated by the prince to the Supreme Tribunal

Judicial branch

Political parties and leaders

International organization participation: IAEA, ICAO, IHO, INTELSAT, INTERPOL, IPU, ITU, UN (permanent observer), UNESCO, UPU, WHO, WIPO

Diplomatic representation
In the us: none; US - the US Consul General in Nice (France) is accredited to Monaco

Flag descriptionflag of Monaco: two equal horizontal bands of red (top) and white; similar to the flag of Indonesia which is longer and the flag of Poland which is white (top) and red

National symbols

National anthem

National heritage

Monaco - Economy 1989
top of page

Economy overview: No data is published on the economy. Monaco, situated on the Mediterranean coast, is a popular resort, attracting tourists to its casino and pleasant climate. The state has no income tax and low business taxes and thrives as both a tax haven for individuals who have established residence there and for foreign companies that have set up businesses and offices. About 50% of Monaco's annual revenue comes from value-added taxes on hotels, banks, and the industrial sector; about 25% of revenue comes from tourism.

Real gdp purchasing power parity

Real gdp growth rate

Real gdp per capita ppp

Gross national saving
Gdp composition by sector of origin

Gdp composition by end use

Gdp composition by sector of origin

Agriculture products: NA

Industries: pharmaceuticals, food processing, precision instruments, glassmaking, printing, tourism

Industrial production growth rate: NA%

Labor force: NA
Labor force

Unemployment rate: full employment (1988)

Youth unemployment

Population below poverty line

Gini index

Household income or consumption by percentage share

Distribution of family income gini index

Budget: revenues $386 million; expenditures $NA, including capital expenditures of $NA

Public debt

Taxes and other revenues


Fiscal year: calendar year

Current account balance

Inflation rate consumer prices

Central bank discount rate

Commercial bank prime lending rate

Stock of narrow money

Stock of broad money

Stock of domestic credit

Market value of publicly traded shares

Current account balance

Exports: $NA; full customs integration with France, which collects and rebates Monacan trade duties; also participates in EC market system through customs union with France

Imports: $NA; full customs integration with France, which collects and rebates Monacan trade duties; also participates in EC market system through customs union with France

Reserves of foreign exchange and gold

Debt external: $NA

Stock of direct foreign investment at home

Stock of direct foreign investment abroad

Exchange rates: French francs (F) per US$1 - 6.2503 (January 1989), 5.9569 (1988), 6.0107 (1987), 6.9261 (1986), 8.9852 (1985)

Monaco - Energy 1989
top of page

Electricity access

Electricity production

Electricity consumption

Electricity exports

Electricity imports

Electricity installed generating capacity

Electricity transmission distribution losses

Electricity generation sources


Refined petroleum

Natural gas

Carbon dioxide emissions

Energy consumption per capita

Monaco - Communication 1989
top of page

Telephones fixed lines

Telephones mobile cellular

Telephone system

Broadcast media

Internet country code

Internet users

Broadband fixed subscriptions

Monaco - Military 1989
top of page

Military expenditures

Military and security forces

Military service age and obligation

Terrorist groups

Monaco - Transportation 1989
top of page

National air transport system

Civil aircraft registration country code prefix

Airports: 1 usable airfield with permanent-surface runways

Airports with paved runways

Airports with unpaved runways






Merchant marine: 1 tanker (1,000 GRT or over) totaling 3,268 GRT/4,959 DWT

Ports and terminals

Monaco - Transnational issues 1989
top of page

Disputes international

Refugees and internally displaced persons

Illicit drugs

Atlas VPN

You found a piece of the puzzle

Please click here to complete it