Statistical information Northern Mariana Islands 1989Northern%20Mariana%20Islands

Map of Northern Mariana Islands | Geography | People | Government | Economy | Energy | Communication
Military | Transportation | Transnational Issues | Year:  | More stats

Northern Mariana Islands in the World
Northern Mariana Islands in the World


Northern Mariana Islands - Introduction 1989
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Background: Under US administration as part of the UN Trust Territory of the Pacific the people of the Northern Mariana Islands decided in the 1970s not to seek independence but instead to forge closer links with the US. Negotiations for territorial status began in 1972. A covenant to establish a commonwealth in political union with the US was approved in 1975. A new government and constitution went into effect in 1978.

Northern Mariana Islands - Geography 1989
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Geographic coordinates

Map reference


Land boundaries: none

Coastline: 1,482 km

Maritime claims
Contiguous zone: 12 nm
Continental shelf: 200 m
Extended economic zone: 200 nm
Territorial sea: 3 nm

Climate: tropical marine; moderated by northeast trade winds, little seasonal temperature variation; dry season December to July, rainy season July to October

Terrain: southern islands are limestone with level terraces and fringing coral reefs; northern islands are volcanic; highest elevation is 471 meters (Mt. Tagpochu on Saipan)


Natural resources: arable land, fish
Land use

Land use: 1% arable land; NA% permanent crops; 19% meadows and pastures; NA% forest and woodland; NA% other

Irrigated land

Major rivers

Major watersheds area km²

Total water withdrawal

Total renewable water resources

Natural hazards

Note: administered by the Office of Territorial and International Affairs, US Department of Interior; indigenous inhabitants are US citizens and elect a nonvoting delegate to the US House of Representatives

Northern Mariana Islands - People 1989
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Population: 21,312 (July 1989), growth rate 2.3% (1989)

Nationality: undetermined

Ethnic groups: Chamorro majority; Carolinians and other Micronesians; Spanish, German, Japanese admixtures

Languages: English, but Chamorro and Carolinian are also spoken in the home and taught in school

Religions: Christian with a Roman Catholic majority, although traditional beliefs and taboos may still be found

Demographic profile
Age structure

Age structure

Dependency ratios

Median age

Population growth rate

Birth rate: 42 births/1000 population (1989)

Death rate: 6 deaths/1000 population (1989)

Net migration rate: - 13 migrants/1000 population (1989)

Population distribution


Major urban areas

Current issues: Mt. Pagan is an active volcano (last erupted in October 1988; subject to typhoons during the rainy season

Air pollutants

Sex ratio

Mothers mean age at first birth

Maternal mortality ratio

Infant mortality rate: 17 deaths/1000 live births (1989)

Life expectancy at birth: 65 years male, 70 years female (1989)

Total fertility rate: 5.6 children born/woman (1989)

Contraceptive prevalence rate

Drinking water source

Current health expenditure

Physicians density

Hospital bed density

Sanitation facility access


Major infectious diseases

Obesity adult prevalence rate

Alcohol consumption

Tobacco use

Children under the age of 5 years underweight

Education expenditures

Literacy: NA%

School life expectancy primary to tertiary education

Youth unemployment

Northern Mariana Islands - Government 1989
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Country name: conventional long form: Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands

Government type: commonwealth associated with the US

Capital: Saipan

Administrative divisions: none

Dependent areas

Independence: none (commonwealth associated with the US)

National holiday: Commonwealth Day, 8 January (1978)

Constitution: Covenant Agreement effective 3 November 1986

Legal system

International law organization participation


Suffrage: over 18 years

Executive branch: Chief of State--President George Herbert Walker BUSH (since 20 January 1989; Vice President James Danforth QUAYLE (since 20 January 1989; Head of Government--Governor Pedro P. TENORIO (since 1978; Lieutenant Governor Pedro A. TENORIO

Legislative branch: executive (governor elected by popular vote; bicameral legislature (nine-member Senate elected for a four-year term, 15-member House of Representatives elected for a two-year term; judiciary (US District Court, Commonwealth Trial Court, Commonwealth Appeals Court)

Judicial branch

Political parties and leaders

International organization participation

Diplomatic representation
In the us: none

Flag descriptionflag of Northern%20Mariana%20Islands: blue with a white five-pointed star superimposed on the gray silhouette of a latte stone (a traditional foundation stone used in building) in the center

National symbols

National anthem

National heritage

Northern Mariana Islands - Economy 1989
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Economy overview: The economy benefits substantially from financial assistance from the US. An agreement for the years 1986 to 1992 entitles the islands to $228 million for capital development, government operations, and special programs. Another major source of income comes from the tourist industry, which employs about 10% of the work force. The agricultural sector is made up of cattle ranches and small farms producing coconuts, bread fruit, tomatoes, and melons. Industry is small scale in nature--mostly handicrafts and fish processing.

Real gdp purchasing power parity

Real gdp growth rate

Real gdp per capita ppp

Gross national saving
Gdp composition by sector of origin

Gdp composition by end use

Gdp composition by sector of origin

Agriculture products: coffee, coconuts, fruits, tobacco, cattle

Industries: tourism, construction, light industry, handicrafts

Industrial production growth rate: NA%

Labor force: 17,533, including 10,000 foreign workers (1988 est.)
Labor force

Unemployment rate: NA%

Youth unemployment

Population below poverty line

Gini index

Household income or consumption by percentage share

Distribution of family income gini index

Budget: revenues $NA; expenditures $70.6 million, including capital expenditures of $NA (1987)

Public debt

Taxes and other revenues


Fiscal year: 1 October-30 September

Current account balance

Inflation rate consumer prices

Central bank discount rate

Commercial bank prime lending rate

Stock of narrow money

Stock of broad money

Stock of domestic credit

Market value of publicly traded shares

Current account balance

Exports: $NA
Commodities: --vegetables, beef, pork
Partners: NA

Imports: $NA
Commodities: --NA
Partners: NA

Reserves of foreign exchange and gold

Debt external: $NA

Stock of direct foreign investment at home

Stock of direct foreign investment abroad

Exchange rates: US currency is used

Northern Mariana Islands - Energy 1989
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Electricity access

Electricity production

Electricity consumption

Electricity exports

Electricity imports

Electricity installed generating capacity

Electricity transmission distribution losses

Electricity generation sources


Refined petroleum

Natural gas

Carbon dioxide emissions

Energy consumption per capita

Northern Mariana Islands - Communication 1989
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Telephones fixed lines

Telephones mobile cellular

Telephone system

Broadcast media

Internet country code

Internet users

Broadband fixed subscriptions

Northern Mariana Islands - Military 1989
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Military expenditures

Military and security forces

Military service age and obligation

Terrorist groups

Northern Mariana Islands - Transportation 1989
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National air transport system

Civil aircraft registration country code prefix

Airports: 6 total, 4 usable; 3 with permanent-surface runways; 1 with runways 2,440-3,659 m; 2 with runways 1,220-2,439 m

Airports with paved runways

Airports with unpaved runways






Merchant marine

Ports and terminals

Northern Mariana Islands - Transnational issues 1989
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Disputes international

Refugees and internally displaced persons

Illicit drugs


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