Statistical information Qatar 1989Qatar

Map of Qatar | Geography | People | Government | Economy | Energy | Communication
Military | Transportation | Transnational Issues | Year:  | More stats

Qatar in the World
Qatar in the World

Qatar - Introduction 1989
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Background: During the late 1980s and early 1989s the Qatari economy was crippled by a continuous siphoning off of petroleum revenues by the amir who had ruled the country since 1972.

Qatar - Geography 1989
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Geographic coordinates

Map reference


Land boundaries:
60 km total
Saudi Arabia 40 km, UAE 20 km

Coastline: 563 km

Maritime claims
Continental shelf: not specific
Exclusive fishing zone: as delimited with neighboring states, or to limit of shelf, or to median line
Extended economic zone: to median line
Territorial sea: 3 nm

Climate: desert; hot, dry; humid and sultry in summer

Terrain: mostly flat and barren desert covered with loose sand and gravel


Natural resources: crude oil, natural gas, fish
Land use

Land use: NEGL% arable land; 0% permanent crops; 5% meadows and pastures; 0% forest and woodland; 95% other

Irrigated land

Major rivers

Major watersheds area km²

Total water withdrawal

Total renewable water resources

Natural hazards

Note: strategic location in central Persian Gulf near major crude oil sources

Qatar - People 1989
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Population: 468,632 (July 1989), growth rate 6.3% (1989)

Nationality: noun - Qatari(s; adjective - Qatari

Ethnic groups: 40% Arab, 18% Pakistani, 18% Indian, 10% Iranian, 14% other

Languages: Arabic (official; English is commonly used as second language

Religions: 95% Muslim

Demographic profile
Age structure

Age structure

Dependency ratios

Median age

Population growth rate

Birth rate: 26 births/1000 population (1989)

Death rate: 4 deaths/1000 population (1989)

Net migration rate: 41 migrants/1000 population (1989)

Population distribution


Major urban areas

Current issues: haze, duststorms, sandstorms common; limited freshwater resources mean increasing dependence on large-scale desalination facilities

Air pollutants

Sex ratio

Mothers mean age at first birth

Maternal mortality ratio

Infant mortality rate: 29 deaths/1000 live births (1989)

Life expectancy at birth: 68 years male, 72 years female (1989)

Total fertility rate: 4.7 children born/woman (1989)

Contraceptive prevalence rate

Drinking water source

Current health expenditure

Physicians density

Hospital bed density

Sanitation facility access


Major infectious diseases

Obesity adult prevalence rate

Alcohol consumption

Tobacco use

Children under the age of 5 years underweight

Education expenditures

Literacy: 40%

School life expectancy primary to tertiary education

Youth unemployment

Qatar - Government 1989
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Country name: conventional long form: State of Qatar

Government type: traditional monarchy

Capital: Doha

Administrative divisions: none

Dependent areas

Independence: 3 September 1971 (from UK)

National holiday: Independence Day, 3 September (1971)

Constitution: provisional constitution enacted 2 April 1970

Legal system: discretionary system of law controlled by the ruler, although civil codes are being implemented; Islamic law is significant in personal matters

International law organization participation


Suffrage: no specific provisions for suffrage laid down

Executive branch: Chief of State and Head of Government Amir and Prime Minister Khalifa bin Hamad Al THANI (since 22 February 1972)

Legislative branch: Army, Navy, Air Force, Police Department

Judicial branch

Political parties and leaders

International organization participation: Arab League, FAO, G-77, GATT (de facto), GCC, IBRD, ICAO, IDB - Islamic Development Bank, IFAD, ILO, IMF, IMO, INTELSAT, INTERPOL, ITU, NAM, OAPEC, OIC, OPEC, UN, UNESCO, UPU, WHO, WIPO, WMO

Diplomatic representation
In the us: Ambassador Ahmed Abdulla Zaid AL-MAHMOUD; Chancery at Suite 1180, 600 New Hampshire Avenue NW, Washington DC 20,037; telephone (202) 338-0111; US - Ambassador Joseph GHOUGASSIAN; Embassy at Fariq Bin Omran (opposite the television station), Doha (mailing address is P. O. Box 2,399, Doha; telephone Õ974å 864,701 through 864,703

Flag descriptionflag of Qatar: maroon with a broad white serrated band (nine white points) on the hoist side

National symbols

National anthem

National heritage

Qatar - Economy 1989
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Economy overview: Oil is the backbone of the economy and accounts for 90% of export earnings and more than 80% of government revenues. Proved oil reserves of 3.3 billion barrels should ensure continued output at current levels for about 25 years. Oil has given Qatar a per capita GDP of about $17,000, among the highest in the world.

Real gdp purchasing power parity

Real gdp growth rate

Real gdp per capita ppp

Gross national saving
Gdp composition by sector of origin

Gdp composition by end use

Gdp composition by sector of origin

Agriculture products: farming and grazing on small scale; commercial fishing increasing in importance; most food imported

Industries: crude oil production and refining, fertilizers, petrochemicals, steel, cement

Industrial production growth rate: 0.6% (1987)

Labor force: 104,000; 85% non-Qatari in private sector (1983)
Labor force

Unemployment rate: NA%

Youth unemployment

Population below poverty line

Gini index

Household income or consumption by percentage share

Distribution of family income gini index

Budget: revenues $1.7 billion; expenditures $3.4 billion, including capital expenditures of $NA (FY88 est.)

Public debt

Taxes and other revenues


Fiscal year: 1 April-31 March

Current account balance

Inflation rate consumer prices

Central bank discount rate

Commercial bank prime lending rate

Stock of narrow money

Stock of broad money

Stock of domestic credit

Market value of publicly traded shares

Current account balance

Exports: $2.2 billion (f.o.b., 1988 est.)
Commodities: petroleum products 90%, steel, fertilizers
Partners: France, FRG, Italy, Japan, Spain

Imports: $1.0 billion (f.o.b., 1988 est.), excluding military equipment
Commodities: foodstuffs, beverages, animal and vegetable oils, chemicals, machinery and equipment
Partners: EC, Japan, Arab countries, US, Australia

Reserves of foreign exchange and gold

Debt external: $1.0 billion (December 1988)

Stock of direct foreign investment at home

Stock of direct foreign investment abroad

Exchange rates: Qatari riyals (QR) per US$1 - 3.6399 riyals (fixed rate)

Qatar - Energy 1989
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Electricity access

Electricity production

Electricity consumption

Electricity exports

Electricity imports

Electricity installed generating capacity

Electricity transmission distribution losses

Electricity generation sources


Refined petroleum

Natural gas

Carbon dioxide emissions

Energy consumption per capita

Qatar - Communication 1989
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Telephones fixed lines

Telephones mobile cellular

Telephone system

Broadcast media

Internet country code

Internet users

Broadband fixed subscriptions

Qatar - Military 1989
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Military expenditures
Dollar figure: NA

Military and security forces

Military service age and obligation

Terrorist groups

Qatar - Transportation 1989
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National air transport system

Civil aircraft registration country code prefix

Airports: 4 total, 4 usable; 1 with permanent-surface runways; 1 with runways over 3,659 m; 2 with runways 1,220-2,439 m

Airports with paved runways

Airports with unpaved runways


Pipelines: crude oil, 235 km; natural gas, 400 km




Merchant marine: 13 ships (1,000 GRT or over) totaling 277,236 GRT/425,617 DWT; includes 7 cargo, 3 container, 3 petroleum, oils, and lubricants (POL) tanker

Ports and terminals

Qatar - Transnational issues 1989
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Disputes international: boundary with UAE is in dispute; territorial dispute with Bahrain over the Hawar Islands

Refugees and internally displaced persons

Illicit drugs


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