Statistical information San Marino 1989San%20Marino

Map of San Marino | Geography | People | Government | Economy | Energy | Communication
Military | Transportation | Transnational Issues | Year:  | More stats

San Marino in the World
San Marino in the World


San Marino - Introduction 1989
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Background: The third smallest state in Europe (after The Holy See and Monaco) also claims to be the world's oldest republic. According to tradition it was founded by a Christian stonemason named Marinus in 301 A.D. San Marino's foreign policy is aligned with that of Italy. Social and political trends in the republic also track closely with those of its larger neighbor.

San Marino - Geography 1989
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Geographic coordinates

Map reference


Land boundaries: 39 km with Italy

Coastline: none - landlocked

Maritime claims: none - landlocked

Climate: Mediterranean; mild to cool winters; warm, sunny summers

Terrain: rugged mountains


Natural resources: building stones
Land use

Land use: 17% arable land; 0% permanent crops; 0% meadows and pastures; 0% forest and woodland; 83% other

Irrigated land

Major rivers

Major watersheds area km²

Total water withdrawal

Total renewable water resources

Natural hazards

Note: landlocked; world's smallest republic; enclave of Italy

San Marino - People 1989
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Population: 22,980 (July 1989), growth rate 0.6% (1989)

Nationality: noun - Sanmarinese (sing. and pl.; adjective - Sanmarinese

Ethnic groups: Sanmarinese, Italian

Languages: Italian

Religions: Roman Catholic

Demographic profile
Age structure

Age structure

Dependency ratios

Median age

Population growth rate

Birth rate: 8 births/1000 population (1989)

Death rate: 7 deaths/1000 population (1989)

Net migration rate: 5 migrants/1000 population (1989)

Population distribution


Major urban areas

Current issues: dominated by the Appenines

Air pollutants

Sex ratio

Mothers mean age at first birth

Maternal mortality ratio

Infant mortality rate: 9 deaths/1000 live births (1989)

Life expectancy at birth: 74 years male, 79 years female (1989)

Total fertility rate: 1.3 children born/woman (1989)

Contraceptive prevalence rate

Drinking water source

Current health expenditure

Physicians density

Hospital bed density

Sanitation facility access


Major infectious diseases

Obesity adult prevalence rate

Alcohol consumption

Tobacco use

Children under the age of 5 years underweight

Education expenditures

Literacy: 97%

School life expectancy primary to tertiary education

Youth unemployment

San Marino - Government 1989
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Country name: conventional long form: Republic of San Marino

Government type: republic

Capital: San Marino

Administrative divisions: 9 municipalities (castelli, singular - castello; Acquaviva, Borgo Maggiore, Chiesanuova, Domagnano, Faetano, Fiorentino, Monte Giardino, San Marino, Serravalle

Dependent areas

Independence: 301 (by tradition)

National holiday: Anniversary of the Foundation of the Republic, 3 September

Constitution: 8 October 1600; electoral law of 1926 serves some of the functions of a constitution

Legal system: based on civil law system with Italian law influences; has not accepted compulsory ICJ jurisdiction

International law organization participation


Suffrage: universal

Executive branch

Legislative branch: public security or police force of less than 50 people

Judicial branch

Political parties and leaders

International organization participation: ICJ, International Institute for Unification of Private Law, International Relief Union, ITU, IRC, UNESCO, UPU, WFTU, WHO, WTO; observer status in NAM

Diplomatic representation
In the us: none; US - no mission in San Marino, but the Consul General in Florence (Italy) is accredited to San Marino; Consul General Diane DILLARD; Consulate General at 38 Lungarno Amerigo Vespucci, Florence, Italy; telephone 298-276

Flag descriptionflag of San%20Marino: two equal horizontal bands of white (top) and light blue with the national coat of arms superimposed in the center; the coat of arms has a shield (featuring three towers on three peaks) flanked by a wreath, below a crown and above a scroll bearing the word LIBERTAS (Liberty)

National symbols

National anthem

National heritage

San Marino - Economy 1989
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Economy overview: The economy relies heavily on the tourist industry as a source of revenue. More than 2 million tourists visit each year, contributing about 60% to GDP. The sale of postage stamps to foreign collectors is another important income producer. The manufacturing sector employs nearly 40% of the labor force and agriculture less than 4%.

Real gdp purchasing power parity

Real gdp growth rate

Real gdp per capita ppp

Gross national saving
Gdp composition by sector of origin

Gdp composition by end use

Gdp composition by sector of origin

Agriculture products: wheat, grapes, other grains, fruits, vegetables, animal feedstuffs, cheese, livestock hides

Industries: wine, olive oil, cement, leather, textile, tourist

Industrial production growth rate: NA%

Labor force: about 4,300
Labor force

Unemployment rate: 6.5% (1985)

Youth unemployment

Population below poverty line

Gini index

Household income or consumption by percentage share

Distribution of family income gini index

Budget: $99.2 million (1983; largest share of revenue is from the sale of postage stamps to collectors and payments by the Italian Government in exchange for a monopoly in retailing tobacco, gasoline, and a few other goods; remittances from Sanmarinese abroad also represent an important net foreign exchange inflow

Public debt

Taxes and other revenues


Fiscal year: calendar year

Current account balance

Inflation rate consumer prices

Central bank discount rate

Commercial bank prime lending rate

Stock of narrow money

Stock of broad money

Stock of domestic credit

Market value of publicly traded shares

Current account balance

Exports: trade data are included with the statistics for Italy; commodity trade consists primarily of exchanging building stone, lime, wood, chestnuts, wheat, wine, baked goods, hides, and ceramics for a wide variety of consumer manufactures

Imports: see Exports

Reserves of foreign exchange and gold

Debt external: $NA

Stock of direct foreign investment at home

Stock of direct foreign investment abroad

Exchange rates: Italian lire (Lit) per US$1 - 1,344.2 (January 1989), 1,301.6 (1988), 1,296.1 (1987), 1,490.8 (1986), 1,909.4 (1985)

San Marino - Energy 1989
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Electricity access

Electricity production

Electricity consumption

Electricity exports

Electricity imports

Electricity installed generating capacity

Electricity transmission distribution losses

Electricity generation sources


Refined petroleum

Natural gas

Carbon dioxide emissions

Energy consumption per capita

San Marino - Communication 1989
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Telephones fixed lines

Telephones mobile cellular

Telephone system

Broadcast media

Internet country code

Internet users

Broadband fixed subscriptions

San Marino - Military 1989
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Military expenditures
Dollar figure: NA

Military and security forces

Military service age and obligation

Terrorist groups

San Marino - Transportation 1989
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National air transport system

Civil aircraft registration country code prefix


Airports with paved runways

Airports with unpaved runways






Merchant marine

Ports and terminals

San Marino - Transnational issues 1989
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Disputes international

Refugees and internally displaced persons

Illicit drugs


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