Statistical information The Netherlands 1989The%20Netherlands

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The Netherlands in the World
The Netherlands in the World

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The Netherlands - Introduction 1989
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Background: The Kingdom of the Netherlands was formed in 1815. In 1830 Belgium seceded and formed a separate kingdom. The Netherlands remained neutral in World War I but suffered a brutal invasion and occupation by Germany in World War II. A modern industrialized nation the Netherlands is also a large exporter of agricultural products. The country was a founding member of NATO and the EC.

The Netherlands - Geography 1989
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Geographic coordinates

Map reference


Land boundaries:
1,027 km total
Belgium 450 km, FRG 577 km

Coastline: 451 km

Maritime claims
Contiguous zone: 12 nm
Exclusive fishing zone: 200 nm
Territorial sea: 12 nm

Climate: temperate; marine; cool summers and mild winters

Terrain: mostly coastal lowland and reclaimed land (polders; some hills in southeast


Natural resources: natural gas, crude oil, fertile soil
Land use

Land use: 25% arable land; 1% permanent crops; 34% meadows and pastures; 9% forest and woodland; 31% other; includes 15% irrigated

Irrigated land

Major rivers

Major watersheds area km²

Total water withdrawal

Total renewable water resources

Natural hazards

Note: located at mouths of three major European rivers (Rhine, Maas or Meuse, Schelde)

The Netherlands - People 1989
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Population: 14,790,125 (July 1989), growth rate 0.5% (1989)

Nationality: noun--Dutchman(men), Dutchwoman(women; adjective--Dutch

Ethnic groups: 99% Dutch, 1% Indonesian and other

Languages: Dutch

Religions: 40% Roman Catholic, 31% Protestant, 24% unaffiliated, 5% none

Demographic profile
Age structure

Age structure

Dependency ratios

Median age

Population growth rate

Birth rate: 13 births/1000 population (1989)

Death rate: 9 deaths/1000 population (1989)

Net migration rate: 1 migrant/1000 population (1989)

Population distribution


Major urban areas

Current issues: 30% of the land area is below sea level and protected from the North Sea by dikes

Air pollutants

Sex ratio

Mothers mean age at first birth

Maternal mortality ratio

Infant mortality rate: 7 deaths/1000 live births (1989)

Life expectancy at birth: 74 years male, 81 years female (1989)

Total fertility rate: 1.6 children born/woman (1989)

Contraceptive prevalence rate

Drinking water source

Current health expenditure

Physicians density

Hospital bed density

Sanitation facility access


Major infectious diseases

Obesity adult prevalence rate

Alcohol consumption

Tobacco use

Children under the age of 5 years underweight

Education expenditures

Literacy: 99%

School life expectancy primary to tertiary education

Youth unemployment

The Netherlands - Government 1989
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Country name: conventional long form: Kingdom of the Netherlands

Government type: constitutional monarchy

Capital: Amsterdam, but government resides at The Hague

Administrative divisions: 12 provinces (provincien, singular--provincie; Drenthe, Flevoland, Friesland, Gelderland, Groningen, Limburg, Noord-Brabant, Noord-Holland, Overijssel, Utrecht, Zeeland, Zuid-Holland

Dependent areas: (2) Aruba, Netherlands Antilles

Independence: 1579 (from Spain)

National holiday: Queen's Day, 30 April (1938)

Constitution: 17 February 1983

Legal system: civil law system incorporating French penal theory; judicial review in the Supreme Court of legislation of lower order rather than Acts of Parliament; accepts compulsory ICJ jurisdiction, with reservations

International law organization participation


Suffrage: universal over age 18

Executive branch: Chief of State--Queen BEATRIX Wilhelmina Armgard (since 30 April 1980; Heir Apparent WILLEM-ALEXANDER, Prince of Orange, son of Queen Beatrix (born 27 April 1967) Head of Government--Prime Minister Ruud (Rudolph) F. M. LUBBERS (since 4 November 1982; Vice Prime Minister Rudolf de KORTE (since 14 July 1986)

Legislative branch: Royal Netherlands Army, Royal Netherlands Navy/Marine Corps, Royal Netherlands Air Force

Judicial branch

Political parties and leaders

International organization participation: ADB, Benelux, CCC, Council of Europe, DAC, EC, ECE, EIB, EMS, ESA, ESCAP, FAO, GATT, IAEA, IBRD, ICAC, ICAO, ICES, ICO, IDA, IDB--Inter-American Development Bank, IEA, IFAD, IFC, IHO, ILO, ILZSG, IMF, IMO, INRO, INTELSAT, INTERPOL, IPU, IRC, ITC, ITU, IWC--International Wheat Council (with respect to interests of the Netherlands Antilles and Suriname), NATO, OAS (observer), OECD, UN, UNESCO, UPU, WEU, WHO,

Diplomatic representation
In the us: Ambassador Richard H. FEIN; Chancery at 4,200 Linnean Avenue NW, Washington DC 20,008; telephone (202) 244-5,300; there are Dutch Consulates General in Chicago, Houston, Los Angeles, New York, and San Francisco; US--Ambassador John S. SHAD; Embassy at Lange Voorhout 102, 2,514 EJ The Hague (mailing address APO New York 9,159; telephone Õ31å (70) 62-49-11; there is a US Consulate General in Amsterdam

Flag descriptionflag of The%20Netherlands: three equal horizontal bands of red (top), white, and blue; similar to the flag of Luxembourg which uses a lighter blue and is longer

National symbols

National anthem

National heritage

The Netherlands - Economy 1989
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Economy overview: The economy is highly developed and based on private enterprise. The government makes its presence felt, however, through the many regulations and permit requirements affecting most aspects of economic activity. The country maintains a high standard of living with a GNP per capita in excess of $15,000. The trade and financial services sector contributes over 50% of GNP. Industrial activity, including construction, provides about 25% of GNP, and is led by the food-processing, oil-refining, and metal-working industries. The highly mechanized agricultural sector employs only 6% of the labor force, but provides large surpluses for export and the domestic food-processing industry. An unemployment rate of over 11% and a high government budget deficit are currently the most serious economic problems.

Real gdp purchasing power parity

Real gdp growth rate

Real gdp per capita ppp

Gross national saving
Gdp composition by sector of origin

Gdp composition by end use

Gdp composition by sector of origin

Agriculture products: animal husbandry predominates; horticultural crops, grains, potatoes, sugar beets; food shortages--grains, fats, oils

Industries: agroindustries, metal and engineering products, electrical machinery and equipment, chemicals, petroleum, fishing, construction, microelectronics

Industrial production growth rate: 2.9% (1988)

Labor force:
5,300,000; 50.1%
services, 28.2% manufacturing and construction, 15.9% government, 5.8% agriculture (1986)

Labor force

Unemployment rate: 11.1% (1988)

Youth unemployment

Population below poverty line

Gini index

Household income or consumption by percentage share

Distribution of family income gini index

Budget: revenues $78.6 billion; expenditures $91.4 billion, including capital expenditures of $8.7 billion (1988)

Public debt

Taxes and other revenues


Fiscal year: calendar year

Current account balance

Inflation rate consumer prices

Central bank discount rate

Commercial bank prime lending rate

Stock of narrow money

Stock of broad money

Stock of domestic credit

Market value of publicly traded shares

Current account balance

Exports: $92.4 billion (f.o.b., 1987)
Commodities: --agricultural products, processed foods and tobacco, natural gas, chemicals, metal products, textiles, clothing
Partners: --EC 74.9% (FRG 28.3%, Belgium-Luxembourg 14.2%, France 10.7%, UK 10.2%), US 4.7%

Imports: $91.3 billion (c.i.f., 1987)
Commodities: --raw materials and semifinished products, consumer goods, transportation equipment, crude oil, food products
Partners: --EC 63.8% (FRG 26.5%, Belgium-Luxembourg 23.1%, UK 8.1%), US 7.9%

Reserves of foreign exchange and gold

Debt external: none

Stock of direct foreign investment at home

Stock of direct foreign investment abroad

Exchange rates: Netherlands guilders, gulden, or florins (f.) per US$1--2.0666 (January 1989), 1.9766 (1988), 2.0257 (1987), 2.4500 (1986), 3.3214 (1985)

The Netherlands - Energy 1989
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Electricity access

Electricity production

Electricity consumption

Electricity exports

Electricity imports

Electricity installed generating capacity

Electricity transmission distribution losses

Electricity generation sources


Refined petroleum

Natural gas

Carbon dioxide emissions

Energy consumption per capita

The Netherlands - Communication 1989
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Telephones fixed lines

Telephones mobile cellular

Telephone system

Broadcast media

Internet country code

Internet users

Broadband fixed subscriptions

The Netherlands - Military 1989
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Military expenditures
Dollar figure: $6.78 billion, 9.3% of central government budget (1988 est.)

Military and security forces

Military service age and obligation

Terrorist groups

The Netherlands - Transportation 1989
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National air transport system

Civil aircraft registration country code prefix

Airports: 28 total, 28 usable; 19 with permanent-surface runways; 13 with runways 2,440-3,659 m; 2 with runways 1,220-2,439 m

Airports with paved runways

Airports with unpaved runways


Pipelines: 418 km crude oil; 965 km refined products; 10,230 km natural gas



Waterways: 6,340 km, of which 35% is usable by craft of 900 metric ton capacity or larger

Merchant marine: 344 ships (1,000 GRT or over) totaling 2,670,428 GRT/3,765,800 DWT; includes 1 short-sea passenger, 193 cargo, 41 refrigerated cargo, 23 container, 7 roll-on/roll-off cargo, 2 livestock carrier, 12 multifunction heavy-lift carrier, 17 petroleum, oils, and lubricants (POL) tanker, 28 chemical tanker, 9 liquefied gas, 10 bulk, 1 combination bulk

Ports and terminals

The Netherlands - Transnational issues 1989
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Disputes international

Refugees and internally displaced persons

Illicit drugs

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