Statistical information Trinidad and Tobago 1989Trinidad%20and%20Tobago

Map of Trinidad and Tobago | Geography | People | Government | Economy | Energy | Communication
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Trinidad and Tobago in the World
Trinidad and Tobago in the World

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Trinidad and Tobago - Introduction 1989
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Background: The islands came under British control in the 19th century; independence was granted in 1962. The country is one of the most prosperous in the Caribbean thanks largely to petroleum and natural gas production and processing. Tourism mostly in Tobago is targeted for expansion and is growing.

Trinidad and Tobago - Geography 1989
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Geographic coordinates

Map reference


Land boundaries: none

Coastline: 362 km

Maritime claims
Continental shelf: 200 meters or to depth of exploitation
Exclusive fishing zone: 200 nm
Extended economic zone: 200 nm
Territorial sea: 12 nm

Climate: tropical; rainy season (June to December)

Terrain: mostly plains with some hills and low mountains


Natural resources: crude oil, natural gas, asphalt
Land use

Land use: 14% arable land; 17% permanent crops; 2% meadows and pastures; 44% forest and woodland; 23% other; includes 4% irrigated

Irrigated land

Major rivers

Major watersheds area km²

Total water withdrawal

Total renewable water resources

Natural hazards

Note: located 11 km from Venezuela geoad0.gif" border="0" geoad1

Trinidad and Tobago - People 1989
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Population: 1,244,160 (July 1989), growth rate 2.0% (1989)

Nationality: noun - Trinidadian(s), Tobagonian(s; adjective - Trinidadian, Tobagonian

Ethnic groups: 43% black, 40% East Indian, 14% mixed, 1% white, 1% Chinese, 1% other

Languages: English (official), Hindi, French, Spanish

Religions: 36.2% Roman Catholic, 23.0% Hindu, 13.1% Protestant, 6.0% Muslim, 21.7% unknown

Demographic profile
Age structure

Age structure

Dependency ratios

Median age

Population growth rate

Birth rate: 27 births/1000 population (1989)

Death rate: 6 deaths/1000 population (1989)

Net migration rate: - 1 migrants/1000 population (1989)

Population distribution


Major urban areas

Current issues: outside usual path of hurricanes and other tropical storms

Air pollutants

Sex ratio

Mothers mean age at first birth

Maternal mortality ratio

Infant mortality rate: 15 deaths/1000 live births (1989)

Life expectancy at birth: 68 years male, 73 years female (1989)

Total fertility rate: 3.2 children born/woman (1989)

Contraceptive prevalence rate

Drinking water source

Current health expenditure

Physicians density

Hospital bed density

Sanitation facility access


Major infectious diseases

Obesity adult prevalence rate

Alcohol consumption

Tobacco use

Children under the age of 5 years underweight

Education expenditures

Literacy: 98%

School life expectancy primary to tertiary education

Youth unemployment

Trinidad and Tobago - Government 1989
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Country name: conventional long form: Republic of Trinidad and Tobago

Government type: parliamentary democracy

Capital: Port-of-Spain

Administrative divisions: 8 counties, 3 municipalities*, and 1 ward**; Arima*, Caroni, Mayaro, Nariva, Port-of-Spain*, Saint Andrew, Saint David, Saint George, Saint Patrick, San Fernando*, Tobago**, Victoria

Dependent areas

Independence: 31 August 1962 (from UK)

National holiday: Independence Day, 31 August (1962)

Constitution: 31 August 1976

Legal system: based on English common law; judicial review of legislative acts in the Supreme Court; has not accepted compulsory ICJ jurisdiction

International law organization participation


Suffrage: universal over age 18

Executive branch

Legislative branch: Trinidad and Tobago Defense Force, Trinidad and Tobago Police Service

Judicial branch

Political parties and leaders

International organization participation: CARICOM, CCC, Commonwealth, FAO, G-77, GATT, IADB, IBRD, International Coffee Agreement, ICAO, ICO, IDA, IDB - Inter-American Development Bank, IFC, ILO, IMF, IMO, INTELSAT, INTERPOL, ISO, ITU, IWC - International Wheat Council, NAM, OAS, PAHO, SELA, UN, UNESCO, UPU, WFTU, WHO, WMO, WTO

Diplomatic representation
In the us: Ambassador J. R. P. DUMAS; Chancery at 1708 Massachusetts Avenue NW, Washington DC 20,036; telephone (202) 467-6,490; Trinidad and Tobago has a Consulate General in New York; US - Ambassador Charles A. GARGANO; Embassy at 15 Queen's Park West, Port-of-Spain (mailing address is P. O. Box 752, Port-of-Spain; telephone Õ809å 622-6,372 or 6,376, 6,176

Flag descriptionflag of Trinidad%20and%20Tobago: red with a white-edged black diagonal band from the upper hoist side

National symbols

National anthem

National heritage

Trinidad and Tobago - Economy 1989
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Economy overview: Trinidad and Tobago's petroleum-based economy has been in decline since 1982. During the first half of the 1980s, the petroleum sector accounted for nearly 80% of export earnings, 40% of government revenues, and almost 25% of GDP. In recent years, however, the economy has suffered because of the sharp fall in the price of oil. The government, in response to the revenue loss, pursued a series of austerity measures that pushed the unemployment rate to 21.6% in 1987. Agriculture employs only about 10% of the labor force and produces less than 3% of GDP. Since this sector is small, it has been unable to absorb the large numbers of the unemployed.

Real gdp purchasing power parity

Real gdp growth rate

Real gdp per capita ppp

Gross national saving
Gdp composition by sector of origin

Gdp composition by end use

Gdp composition by sector of origin

Agriculture products: sugar, cocoa, coffee, rice, citrus, bananas; largely dependent upon imports of food

Industries: petroleum, chemicals, tourism, food processing, cement, beverage, cotton textiles

Industrial production growth rate: 5.2%, excluding oil refining (1986)

Labor force: 463,900; 18.1% construction and utilities; 14.8% manufacturing, mining, and quarrying; 10.9% agriculture; 47.9% other services (1985 est.)
Labor force

Unemployment rate: 21.6% (1987)

Youth unemployment

Population below poverty line

Gini index

Household income or consumption by percentage share

Distribution of family income gini index

Budget: revenues $1.4 billion; expenditures $2.1 billion, including capital expenditures of $430 million (1988 est.)

Public debt

Taxes and other revenues


Fiscal year: calendar year

Current account balance

Inflation rate consumer prices

Central bank discount rate

Commercial bank prime lending rate

Stock of narrow money

Stock of broad money

Stock of domestic credit

Market value of publicly traded shares

Current account balance

Exports: $1.4 billion (f.o.b., 1987)
Commodities: includes reexports - petroleum and petroleum products 70%, fertilizer, chemicals 15%, steel products, sugar, cocoa, coffee, citrus (1987)
Partners: US 61%, EC 15%, CARICOM 9%, Latin America 7%, Canada 3% (1986)

Imports: $1.2 billion (c.i.f., 1987)
Commodities: raw materials 41%, capital goods 30%, consumer goods 29% (1986)
Partners: US 42%, EC 21%, Japan 10%, Canada 6%, Latin America 6%, CARICOM 4% (1986)

Reserves of foreign exchange and gold

Debt external: $2.02 billion (December 1987)

Stock of direct foreign investment at home

Stock of direct foreign investment abroad

Exchange rates: Trinidad and Tobago dollars (TT$) per US$1 - 4.2500 (January 1989), 3.8438 (1988), 3.6000 (1987), 3.6000 (1986), 2.4500 (1985)

Trinidad and Tobago - Energy 1989
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Electricity access

Electricity production

Electricity consumption

Electricity exports

Electricity imports

Electricity installed generating capacity

Electricity transmission distribution losses

Electricity generation sources


Refined petroleum

Natural gas

Carbon dioxide emissions

Energy consumption per capita

Trinidad and Tobago - Communication 1989
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Telephones fixed lines

Telephones mobile cellular

Telephone system

Broadcast media

Internet country code

Internet users

Broadband fixed subscriptions

Trinidad and Tobago - Military 1989
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Military expenditures
Dollar figure: NA

Military and security forces

Military service age and obligation

Terrorist groups

Trinidad and Tobago - Transportation 1989
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National air transport system

Civil aircraft registration country code prefix

Airports: 6 total, 5 usable; 3 with permanent-surface runways; 1 with runways 2,440-3,659 m; 3 with runways 1,220-2,439 m

Airports with paved runways

Airports with unpaved runways


Pipelines: 1,032 km crude oil; 19 km refined products; 904 km natural gas




Merchant marine

Ports and terminals

Trinidad and Tobago - Transnational issues 1989
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Disputes international

Refugees and internally displaced persons

Illicit drugs


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