Statistical information Turks and Caicos Islands 1989Turks%20and%20Caicos%20Islands

Map of Turks and Caicos Islands | Geography | People | Government | Economy | Energy | Communication
Military | Transportation | Transnational Issues | Year:  | More stats

Turks and Caicos Islands in the World
Turks and Caicos Islands in the World


Turks and Caicos Islands - Introduction 1989
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Background: The islands were under Jamaican jurisdiction until 1962 when they assumed the status of a crown colony. The governor of The Bahamas oversaw affairs from 1965 to 1973. With Bahamian independence the islands received a separate governor in 1973. Although independence was agreed upon for 1982 the policy was reversed and the islands are presently a British overseas territory.

Turks and Caicos Islands - Geography 1989
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Geographic coordinates

Map reference


Land boundaries: none

Coastline: 389 km

Maritime claims
Exclusive fishing zone: 200 nm
Territorial sea: 3 nm

Climate: tropical; marine; moderated by trade winds; sunny and relatively dry

Terrain: low, flat limestone; extensive marshes and mangrove swamps


Natural resources: spiny lobster, conch
Land use

Land use: 2% arable land; 0% permanent crops; 0% meadows and pastures; 0% forest and woodland; 98% other

Irrigated land

Major rivers

Major watersheds area km²

Total water withdrawal

Total renewable water resources

Natural hazards

Note: defense is the responsibility of the UK

Turks and Caicos Islands - People 1989
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Population: 9,531 (July 1989), growth rate 2.4% (1989)

Nationality: no noun or adjectival forms

Ethnic groups: majority of African descent

Languages: English (official)

Religions: Anglican, Roman Catholic, Baptist, Methodist, Church of God, Seventh-Day Adventist

Demographic profile
Age structure

Age structure

Dependency ratios

Median age

Population growth rate

Birth rate: 25 births/1000 population (1989)

Death rate: 5 deaths/1000 population (1989)

Net migration rate: 5 migrants/1000 population (1989)

Population distribution


Major urban areas

Current issues: 30 islands (eight inhabited; subject to frequent hurricanes

Air pollutants

Sex ratio

Mothers mean age at first birth

Maternal mortality ratio

Infant mortality rate: NA deaths/1000 live births (1989)

Life expectancy at birth: NA years male, NA years female (1989)

Total fertility rate: 3.8 children born/woman (1989)

Contraceptive prevalence rate

Drinking water source

Current health expenditure

Physicians density

Hospital bed density

Sanitation facility access


Major infectious diseases

Obesity adult prevalence rate

Alcohol consumption

Tobacco use

Children under the age of 5 years underweight

Education expenditures

Literacy: 99% (est.)

School life expectancy primary to tertiary education

Youth unemployment

Turks and Caicos Islands - Government 1989
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Country name: conventional long form: none

Government type: colony of the UK

Capital: Grand Turk (Cockburn Town)

Administrative divisions: none (colony of the UK)

Dependent areas

Independence: none (colony of the UK)

National holiday: Constitution Day, 30 August (1976)

Constitution: constitution introduced on 30 August 1976, suspended in 1986, and at present a Constitutional Commission is reviewing its contents

Legal system: based on laws of England and Wales with a small number adopted from Jamaica and The Bahamas

International law organization participation


Suffrage: universal at age 18

Executive branch: Chief of State Queen ELIZABETH II (since 6 February 1989; Head of Government Governor Michael J. BRADLEY (since 1987; Chief Minister Oswald SKIPPINGS (since 1988)

Legislative branch: executive, bicameral legislature (Executive Council, 14-member Legislative Council), judicial (Supreme Court)

Judicial branch

Political parties and leaders

International organization participation

Diplomatic representation
In the us: as a British colony, the interests of the Turks and Caicos Islands are represented in the US by the UK; US - none

Flag descriptionflag of Turks%20and%20Caicos%20Islands: blue with the flag of the UK in the upper hoist-side quadrant and the colonial shield centered on the outer half of the flag; the shield is yellow and contains a conch shell, lobster, and cactus

National symbols

National anthem

National heritage

Turks and Caicos Islands - Economy 1989
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Economy overview: The economy is based on fishing, tourism, and offshore banking. Subsistence farming - corn and beans - exists only on the Caicos Islands, so that most foods, as well as nonfood products, must be imported.

Real gdp purchasing power parity

Real gdp growth rate

Real gdp per capita ppp

Gross national saving
Gdp composition by sector of origin

Gdp composition by end use

Gdp composition by sector of origin

Agriculture products: corn, beans

Industries: fishing, tourism, offshore financial services

Industrial production growth rate: NA%

Labor force: NA; majority engaged in fishing and tourist industries; some subsistence agriculture
Labor force

Unemployment rate: NA%

Youth unemployment

Population below poverty line

Gini index

Household income or consumption by percentage share

Distribution of family income gini index

Budget: revenues $12.4 million; expenditures $15.8 million, including capital expenditures of $2.6 million (FY87)

Public debt

Taxes and other revenues


Fiscal year: calendar year

Current account balance

Inflation rate consumer prices

Central bank discount rate

Commercial bank prime lending rate

Stock of narrow money

Stock of broad money

Stock of domestic credit

Market value of publicly traded shares

Current account balance

Exports: $2.9 million (f.o.b., FY84)
Commodities: lobster, dried and fresh conch, conch shells
Partners: US, UK

Imports: $26.3 million (c.i.f., FY84)
Commodities: foodstuffs, drink, tobacco, clothing
Partners: US, UK

Reserves of foreign exchange and gold

Debt external: $NA

Stock of direct foreign investment at home

Stock of direct foreign investment abroad

Exchange rates: US currency is used

Turks and Caicos Islands - Energy 1989
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Electricity access

Electricity production

Electricity consumption

Electricity exports

Electricity imports

Electricity installed generating capacity

Electricity transmission distribution losses

Electricity generation sources


Refined petroleum

Natural gas

Carbon dioxide emissions

Energy consumption per capita

Turks and Caicos Islands - Communication 1989
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Telephones fixed lines

Telephones mobile cellular

Telephone system

Broadcast media

Internet country code

Internet users

Broadband fixed subscriptions

Turks and Caicos Islands - Military 1989
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Military expenditures

Military and security forces

Military service age and obligation

Terrorist groups

Turks and Caicos Islands - Transportation 1989
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National air transport system

Civil aircraft registration country code prefix

Airports: 7 total, 7 usable; 4 with permanent-surface runways; 4 with runways 1,220-2,439 m

Airports with paved runways

Airports with unpaved runways






Merchant marine

Ports and terminals

Turks and Caicos Islands - Transnational issues 1989
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Disputes international

Refugees and internally displaced persons

Illicit drugs


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