Statistical information U.S. Virgin Islands 1989U.S.%20Virgin%20Islands

Map of U.S. Virgin Islands | Geography | People | Government | Economy | Energy | Communication
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U.S. Virgin Islands in the World
U.S. Virgin Islands in the World


U.S. Virgin Islands - Introduction 1989
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Background: During the 17th century the archipelago was divided into two territorial units one English and the other Danish. Sugarcane produced by slave labor drove the islands' economy during the 18th and early 19th centuries. In 1917 the US purchased the Danish portion which had been in economic decline since the abolition of slavery in 1848.

U.S. Virgin Islands - Geography 1989
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Geographic coordinates

Map reference


Land boundaries: none

Coastline: 188 km

Maritime claims
Contiguous zone: 12 nm
Continental shelf: 200 m
Extended economic zone: 200 nm
Territorial sea: 12 nm

Climate: subtropical, tempered by easterly tradewinds, relatively low humidity, little seasonal temperature variation; rainy season May to November

Terrain: mostly hilly to rugged and mountainous with little level land


Natural resources: sun, sand, sea, surf
Land use

Land use: 15% arable land; 6% permanent crops; 26% meadows and pastures; 6% forest and woodland; 47% other

Irrigated land

Major rivers

Major watersheds area km²

Total water withdrawal

Total renewable water resources

Natural hazards

Note: important location 1,770 km southeast of Miami and 65 km east of Puerto Rico, along the Anegada Passage - a key shipping lane for the Panama Canal; St. Thomas has one of the best natural, deepwater harbors in the Caribbean

U.S. Virgin Islands - People 1989
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Population: 109,105 (July 1989), growth rate 1.4% (1989)

Nationality: noun - Virgin Islander(s; adjective - Virgin Islander

Ethnic groups: 74% West Indian (45% born in the U.S. Virgin Islands and 29% born elsewhere in the West Indies), 13% US mainland, 5% Puerto Rican, 8% other; 80% black, 15% white, 5% other; 14% of Hispanic origin

Languages: English (official), but Spanish and Creole are widely spoken

Religions: 42% Baptist, 34% Roman Catholic, 17% Episcopalian, 7% other

Demographic profile
Age structure

Age structure

Dependency ratios

Median age

Population growth rate

Birth rate: 20 births/1000 population (1989)

Death rate: 5 deaths/1000 population (1989)

Net migration rate: - 1 migrants/1000 population (1989)

Population distribution


Major urban areas

Current issues: rarely affected by hurricanes; subject to frequent severe droughts, floods, earthquakes; lack of natural freshwater resources

Air pollutants

Sex ratio

Mothers mean age at first birth

Maternal mortality ratio

Infant mortality rate: 18 deaths/1000 live births (1989)

Life expectancy at birth: 70 years male, 76 years female (1989)

Total fertility rate: 2.5 children born/woman (1989)

Contraceptive prevalence rate

Drinking water source

Current health expenditure

Physicians density

Hospital bed density

Sanitation facility access


Major infectious diseases

Obesity adult prevalence rate

Alcohol consumption

Tobacco use

Children under the age of 5 years underweight

Education expenditures

Literacy: 90%

School life expectancy primary to tertiary education

Youth unemployment

U.S. Virgin Islands - Government 1989
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Country name: conventional long form: U.S. Virgin Islands of the United States

Government type: organized, unincorporated territory of the US administered by the Office of Territorial and International Affairs, US Department of the Interior

Capital: Charlotte Amalie

Administrative divisions: none (territory of the US)

Dependent areas

Independence: none (territory of the US)

National holiday: Transfer Day (from Denmark to US), 31 March (1917)

Constitution: Revised Organic Act of 22 July 1954 serves as the constitution

Legal system: US District Court handles civil matters over $50,000, felonies (persons 15 years of age and over), and federal cases; Territorial Court handles civil matters up to $50,000 small claims, juvenile, domestic, misdemeanors, and traffic cases

International law organization participation


Suffrage: universal, but not compulsory, over 18 years for all citizens

Executive branch

Legislative branch: executive (governor elected to a four-year term; unicameral legislature (Senate with 15 members elected to two-year terms in even-numbered years; judiciary (two US district courts)

Judicial branch

Political parties and leaders

International organization participation

Diplomatic representation
In the us: none (territory of the US)

Flag descriptionflag of U.S.%20Virgin%20Islands: white with a modified US coat of arms in the center between the large blue initials V and I; the coat of arms shows an eagle holding an olive branch in one talon and three arrows in the other with a superimposed shield of vertical red and white stripes below a blue panel

National symbols

National anthem

National heritage

U.S. Virgin Islands - Economy 1989
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Economy overview: Tourism is the primary economic activity, accounting for more than 70% of GDP and 70% of employment. The manufacturing sector consists of textile, electronics, pharmaceutical, and watch assembly plants. The agricultural sector is small with most food imported. International business and financial services are a small but growing component of the economy. The world's largest petroleum refinery is at St. Croix.

Real gdp purchasing power parity

Real gdp growth rate

Real gdp per capita ppp

Gross national saving
Gdp composition by sector of origin

Gdp composition by end use

Gdp composition by sector of origin

Agriculture products: truck gardens, food crops (small scale), fruit, sorghum, Senepol cattle

Industries: tourism, government service, petroleum refining, watch assembly, rum distilling, construction, pharmaceuticals, textiles, electronics

Industrial production growth rate: 12%

Labor force: 45,000 (1987)
Labor force

Unemployment rate: 3.5% (1987)

Youth unemployment

Population below poverty line

Gini index

Household income or consumption by percentage share

Distribution of family income gini index

Budget: revenues $315 million; expenditures $322 million, including capital expenditures of NA (FY88)

Public debt

Taxes and other revenues


Fiscal year: 1 October-30 September

Current account balance

Inflation rate consumer prices

Central bank discount rate

Commercial bank prime lending rate

Stock of narrow money

Stock of broad money

Stock of domestic credit

Market value of publicly traded shares

Current account balance

Exports: $3.4 billion (f.o.b., 1985)
Commodities: refined petroleum products
Partners: US, Puerto Rico

Imports: $3.7 billion (c.i.f., 1985)
Commodities: crude oil, foodstuffs, consumer goods, building materials
Partners: US, Puerto Rico

Reserves of foreign exchange and gold

Debt external: $NA

Stock of direct foreign investment at home

Stock of direct foreign investment abroad

Exchange rates: US currency is used

U.S. Virgin Islands - Energy 1989
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Electricity access

Electricity production

Electricity consumption

Electricity exports

Electricity imports

Electricity installed generating capacity

Electricity transmission distribution losses

Electricity generation sources


Refined petroleum

Natural gas

Carbon dioxide emissions

Energy consumption per capita

U.S. Virgin Islands - Communication 1989
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Telephones fixed lines

Telephones mobile cellular

Telephone system

Broadcast media

Internet country code

Internet users

Broadband fixed subscriptions

U.S. Virgin Islands - Military 1989
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Military expenditures

Military and security forces

Military service age and obligation

Terrorist groups

U.S. Virgin Islands - Transportation 1989
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National air transport system

Civil aircraft registration country code prefix

Airports: 3 total, 3 usable; 2 with permanent-surface runways, 2 with runways 1,220-2,439 m; international airports on St. Thomas and St. Croix

Airports with paved runways

Airports with unpaved runways






Merchant marine

Ports and terminals

U.S. Virgin Islands - Transnational issues 1989
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Disputes international

Refugees and internally displaced persons

Illicit drugs

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