Statistical information Vanuatu 1989Vanuatu

Map of Vanuatu | Geography | People | Government | Economy | Energy | Communication
Military | Transportation | Transnational Issues | Year:  | More stats

Vanuatu in the World
Vanuatu in the World

Sightseeing Pass

Vanuatu - Introduction 1989
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Background: The British and French who settled the New Hebrides in the 19th century agreed in 1906 to an Anglo-French Condominium which administered the islands until independence in 1980.

Vanuatu - Geography 1989
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Geographic coordinates

Map reference


Land boundaries: none

Coastline: 2,528 km

Maritime claims: (measured from claimed archipelagic baselines)
Contiguous zone: 24 nm
Continental shelf: edge of continental margin or 200 nm
Extended economic zone: 200 nm
Territorial sea: 12 nm

Climate: tropical; moderated by southeast trade winds

Terrain: mostly mountains of volcanic origin; narrow coastal plains


Natural resources: manganese, hardwood forests, fish
Land use

Land use: 1% arable land; 5% permanent crops; 2% meadows and pastures; 1% forest and woodland; 91% other

Irrigated land

Major rivers

Major watersheds area km²

Total water withdrawal

Total renewable water resources

Natural hazards

Note: located 5,750 km southwest of Honolulu in the South Pacific Ocean about three-quarters of the way between Hawaii and Australia

Vanuatu - People 1989
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Population: 159,830 (July 1989), growth rate 3.2% (1989)

Nationality: noun - Vanuatuan(s; adjective - Vanuatuan

Ethnic groups: 94% indigenous Melanesian, 4% French, remainder Vietnamese, Chinese, and various Pacific Islanders

Languages: English and French (official; pidgin (known as Bislama or Bichelama)

Religions: most at least nominally Christian

Demographic profile
Age structure

Age structure

Dependency ratios

Median age

Population growth rate

Birth rate: 38 births/1000 population (1989)

Death rate: 5 deaths/1000 population (1989)

Net migration rate: 0 migrants/1000 population (1989)

Population distribution


Major urban areas

Current issues: subject to tropical cyclones or typhoons (January to April; volcanism causes minor earthquakes; over 80 islands

Air pollutants

Sex ratio

Mothers mean age at first birth

Maternal mortality ratio

Infant mortality rate: 37 deaths/1000 live births (1989)

Life expectancy at birth: 67 years male, 71 years female (1989)

Total fertility rate: 5.6 children born/woman (1989)

Contraceptive prevalence rate

Drinking water source

Current health expenditure

Physicians density

Hospital bed density

Sanitation facility access


Major infectious diseases

Obesity adult prevalence rate

Alcohol consumption

Tobacco use

Children under the age of 5 years underweight

Education expenditures

Literacy: 10-20% (est.)

School life expectancy primary to tertiary education

Youth unemployment

Vanuatu - Government 1989
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Country name: conventional long form: Republic of Vanuatu

Government type: republic

Capital: Port-Vila

Administrative divisions: 11 island councils; Ambrym, Aoba/Maewo, Banks/Torres, Efate, Epi, Malakula, Paama, Pentecote, Santo/Malo, Shepherd, Tafea

Dependent areas

Independence: 30 July 1980 (from France and UK; formerly New Hebrides)

National holiday: Independence Day, 30 July (1980)

Constitution: 30 July 1980

Legal system: unified system being created from former dual French and British systems

International law organization participation



Executive branch

Legislative branch: a paramilitary force is responsible for internal and external security; no military forces

Judicial branch

Political parties and leaders

International organization participation: ADB, Commonwealth, ESCAP, FAO, G-77, IBRD, ICAO, IDA, IFC, IMF, ITU, NAM, SPF, UN, WHO, WMO

Diplomatic representation
In the us: none

Flag descriptionflag of Vanuatu: two equal horizontal bands of red (top) and green (bottom) with a black, isosceles triangle (based on the hoist side) all separated by a black-edged yellow stripe in the shape of a horizontal Y (the two points of the Y face the hoist side and enclose the triangle; centered in the triangle is a boar's tusk encircling two crossed namele leaves, all in yellow

National symbols

National anthem

National heritage

Vanuatu - Economy 1989
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Economy overview: The economy is based primarily on subsistence farming that provides a living for about 80% of the population. Agriculture, fishing, tourism, and the finance sector provide almost all foreign revenue. Mineral deposits are negligible, and the country has no known petroleum deposits. There is some light industry that caters mainly to the local market.

Real gdp purchasing power parity

Real gdp growth rate

Real gdp per capita ppp

Gross national saving
Gdp composition by sector of origin

Gdp composition by end use

Gdp composition by sector of origin

Agriculture products: export crops - copra, cocoa, coffee, and fish; subsistence crops - copra, taro, yams, coconuts, fruits, and vegetables

Industries: food and fish freezing, forestry processing, meat canning

Industrial production growth rate: NA%

Labor force: NA
Labor force

Unemployment rate: NA%

Youth unemployment

Population below poverty line

Gini index

Household income or consumption by percentage share

Distribution of family income gini index

Budget: revenues $53 million; expenditures $58 million, including capital expenditures of NA (1986)

Public debt

Taxes and other revenues


Fiscal year: calendar year

Current account balance

Inflation rate consumer prices

Central bank discount rate

Commercial bank prime lending rate

Stock of narrow money

Stock of broad money

Stock of domestic credit

Market value of publicly traded shares

Current account balance

Exports: $17.0 million, including reexports of $5.5 million (f.o.b., 1987)
Commodities: copra 37%, cocoa 11%, meat 9%, fish 8%, timber 4%
Partners: Netherlands 34%, France 27%, Japan 17%, Belgium 4%, New Caledonia 3%, Singapore 2%

Imports: $68.0 million, including reexports of $2 million (f.o.b., 1987)
Commodities: machines and vehicles 25%, food and beverages 23%, basic manufactures 18%, raw materials and fuels 11%, chemicals 6%
Partners: Australia 36%, Japan 13%, NZ 10%, France 8%, Fiji 5%

Reserves of foreign exchange and gold

Debt external: $109 million (1985)

Stock of direct foreign investment at home

Stock of direct foreign investment abroad

Exchange rates: vatu (VT) per US$1 - 107.17 (January 1989), 104.43 (1988), 109.85 (1987), 106.08 (1986), 106.03 (1985)

Vanuatu - Energy 1989
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Electricity access

Electricity production

Electricity consumption

Electricity exports

Electricity imports

Electricity installed generating capacity

Electricity transmission distribution losses

Electricity generation sources


Refined petroleum

Natural gas

Carbon dioxide emissions

Energy consumption per capita

Vanuatu - Communication 1989
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Telephones fixed lines

Telephones mobile cellular

Telephone system

Broadcast media

Internet country code

Internet users

Broadband fixed subscriptions

Vanuatu - Military 1989
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Military expenditures
Dollar figure: NA

Military and security forces

Military service age and obligation

Terrorist groups

Vanuatu - Transportation 1989
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National air transport system

Civil aircraft registration country code prefix

Airports: 30 total, 25 usable; 2 with permanent-surface runways; 2 with runways 1,220-2,439 m

Airports with paved runways

Airports with unpaved runways






Merchant marine: 63 ships (1,000 GRT or over) totaling 752,591 GRT/1,241,606 DWT; includes 23 cargo, 3 refrigerated cargo, 5 container, 4 roll-on/roll-off cargo, 1 vehicle carrier, 4 petroleum, oils, and lubricants (POL) tanker, 1 chemical carrier, 1 combination ore/oil, 2 liquefied gas, 18 bulk, 1 combination bulk; note - a flag of convenience registry

Ports and terminals

Vanuatu - Transnational issues 1989
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Disputes international

Refugees and internally displaced persons

Illicit drugs

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