Mayotte 1990Mayotte

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Mayotte
Mayotte 

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Mayotte - Introduction 1990
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Background: Mayotte was ceded to France along with the other Comoros in 1843. It was the only island in the archipelago that voted in 1974 to retain its link with France and forgo independence.


Mayotte - Geography 1990
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Location

Geographic coordinates

Map reference

Area

Land boundaries: none

Coastline: 185.2 km

Maritime claims
Continental shelf: 200 meters or to depth of exploitation
Extended economic zone: 200 nm
Territorial sea: 12 nm

Climate: tropical; marine; hot, humid, rainy season during northeastern monsoon (November to May; dry season is cooler (May to November)

Terrain: generally undulating with ancient volcanic peaks, deep ravines

Elevation

Natural resources: negligible
Land use

Land use: NA% arable land; NA% permanent crops; NA% meadows and pastures; NA% forest and woodland; NA% other

Irrigated land

Major rivers

Major watersheds area km²

Total water withdrawal

Total renewable water resources

Natural hazards

Geography
Note: defense is the responsibility of France


Mayotte - People 1990
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Population: 72,186 (July 1990), growth rate 3.9% (1990)

Nationality: noun--Mahorais (sing., pl.; adjective--Mahoran

Ethnic groups

Languages: Mahorian (a Swahili dialect), French

Religions: 99% Muslim; remainder Christian, mostly Roman Catholic

Demographic profile
Age structure

Age structure

Dependency ratios

Median age

Population growth rate

Birth rate: 51 births/1000 population (1990)

Death rate: 12 deaths/1000 population (1990)

Net migration rate: 0 migrants/1000 population (1990)

Population distribution

Urbanization

Major urban areas

Environment
Current issues: subject to cyclones during rainy season

Air pollutants

Sex ratio

Mothers mean age at first birth

Maternal mortality ratio

Infant mortality rate: 89 deaths/1000 live births (1990)

Life expectancy at birth: 54 years male, 58 years female (1990)

Total fertility rate: 6.8 children born/woman (1990)

Contraceptive prevalence rate

Drinking water source

Current health expenditure

Physicians density

Hospital bed density

Sanitation facility access

Hiv/Aids

Major infectious diseases

Obesity adult prevalence rate

Alcohol consumption

Tobacco use

Children under the age of 5 years underweight

Education expenditures

Literacy: NA%, but probably high

School life expectancy primary to tertiary education

Youth unemployment


Mayotte - Government 1990
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Country name: conventional long form: Territorial Collectivity of Mayotte

Government type: territorial collectivity of France

Capital: Dzaoudzi

Administrative divisions: none (territorial collectivity of France)

Dependent areas

Independence: none (territorial collectivity of France)

National holiday: Taking of the Bastille, 14 July (1789)

Constitution: 28 September 1958 (French Constitution)

Legal system: French law

International law organization participation

Citizenship

Suffrage: universal at age 18

Executive branch: Chief of State President Francois MITTERRAND (since 21 May 1981; Head of Government Government Commissioner Akli KHIDER (since 1983; President of the General Council Youssouf BAMANA (since 1976)

Legislative branch: unicameral General Council (Conseil General)

Judicial branch: Supreme Court (Tribunal Superieur d'Appel)

Political parties and leaders

International organization participation

Diplomatic representation
In the us: as a territorial collectivity of France, Mahoran interests are represented in the US by France

Flag descriptionflag of Mayotte: the flag of France is used

National symbols

National anthem

National heritage


Mayotte - Economy 1990
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Economy overview: Economic activity is based primarily on the agricultural sector, including fishing and livestock raising. Mayotte is not self-sufficient and must import a large portion of its food requirements, mainly from France. The economy and future development of the island is heavily dependent on French financial assistance.

Real gdp purchasing power parity

Real gdp growth rate

Real gdp per capita ppp

Gross national saving
Gdp composition by sector of origin

Gdp composition by end use

Gdp composition by sector of origin

Agriculture products: most important sector; provides all export earnings; crops--vanilla, ylang-ylang, coffee, copra; imports major share of food needs

Industries: newly created lobster and shrimp industry

Industrial production growth rate: NA%

Labor force: NA
Labor force

Unemployment rate: NA%

Youth unemployment

Population below poverty line

Gini index

Household income or consumption by percentage share

Distribution of family income gini index

Budget: revenues NA; expenditures $37.3 million, including capital expenditures of NA (1985)

Public debt

Taxes and other revenues

Revenue

Fiscal year: calendar year

Current account balance

Inflation rate consumer prices

Central bank discount rate

Commercial bank prime lending rate

Stock of narrow money

Stock of broad money

Stock of domestic credit

Market value of publicly traded shares

Current account balance

Exports: $4.0 million (f.o.b., 1984)
Commodities: ylang-ylang, vanilla
Partners: France 79%, Comoros 10%, Reunion 9%

Imports: $21.8 million (f.o.b., 1984)
Commodities: building materials, transportation equipment, rice, clothing, flour
Partners: France 57%, Kenya 16%, South Africa 11%, Pakistan 8%

Reserves of foreign exchange and gold

Debt external: $NA

Stock of direct foreign investment at home

Stock of direct foreign investment abroad

Exchange rates: French francs (F) per US$1--5.7598 (January 1990), 6.3801 (1989), 5.9569 (1988), 6.0107 (1987), 6.9261 (1986), 8.9852 (1985)


Mayotte - Energy 1990
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Electricity access

Electricity production

Electricity consumption

Electricity exports

Electricity imports

Electricity installed generating capacity

Electricity transmission distribution losses

Electricity generation sources

Petroleum

Refined petroleum

Natural gas

Carbon dioxide emissions

Energy consumption per capita


Mayotte - Communication 1990
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Telephones fixed lines

Telephones mobile cellular

Telephone system

Broadcast media

Internet country code

Internet users

Broadband fixed subscriptions


Mayotte - Military 1990
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Military expenditures

Military and security forces

Military service age and obligation

Terrorist groups


Mayotte - Transportation 1990
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National air transport system

Civil aircraft registration country code prefix

Airports: 1 with permanent-surface runway 1,220-2,439 m

Airports with paved runways

Airports with unpaved runways

Heliports

Pipelines

Railways

Roadways

Waterways

Merchant marine

Ports and terminals


Mayotte - Transnational issues 1990
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Disputes international: claimed by Comoros

Refugees and internally displaced persons

Illicit drugs


Airhelp


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