Statistical information American Samoa 1990American%20Samoa

Map of American Samoa | Geography | People | Government | Economy | Energy | Communication
Military | Transportation | Transnational Issues | Year:  | More stats

American Samoa in the World
American Samoa in the World


American Samoa - Introduction 1990
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Background: Settled as early as 1000 B. C. Samoa was 'discovered' by European explorers in the 18th century. International rivalries in the latter half of the 19th century were settled by an 1899 treaty in which Germany and the US divided the Samoan archipelago. The US formally occupied its portion - a smaller group of eastern islands with the excellent harbor of Pago Pago - the following year.

American Samoa - Geography 1990
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Geographic coordinates

Map reference


Land boundaries: none

Coastline: 116 km

Maritime claims
Contiguous zone: 12 nm
Continental shelf: 200 m
Extended economic zone: 200 nm
Territorial sea: 12 nm

Climate: tropical marine, moderated by southeast trade winds; annual rainfall averages 124 inches; rainy season from November to April, dry season from May to October; little seasonal temperature variation

Terrain: five volcanic islands with rugged peaks and limited coastal plains, two coral atolls


Natural resources: pumice and pumicite
Land use

Land use: 10% arable land; 5% permanent crops; 0% meadows and pastures; 75% forest and woodland; 10% other

Irrigated land

Major rivers

Major watersheds area km²

Total water withdrawal

Total renewable water resources

Natural hazards

Note: defense is the responsibility of the US

American Samoa - People 1990
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Population: 41,840 (July 1990), growth rate 2.9% (1990)

Nationality: noun--American Samoan(s; adjective--American Samoan

Ethnic groups: 90% Samoan (Polynesian), 2% Caucasian, 2% Tongan, 6% other

Languages: Samoan (closely related to Hawaiian and other Polynesian languages) and English; most people are bilingual

Religions: about 50% Christian Congregationalist, 20% Roman Catholic, 30% mostly Protestant denominations and other

Demographic profile
Age structure

Age structure

Dependency ratios

Median age

Population growth rate

Birth rate: 41 births/1000 population (1990)

Death rate: 4 deaths/1000 population (1990)

Net migration rate: - 8 immigrants/1000 population (1990)

Population distribution


Major urban areas

Current issues: typhoons common from December to March

Air pollutants

Sex ratio

Mothers mean age at first birth

Maternal mortality ratio

Infant mortality rate: 11 deaths/1000 live births (1990)

Life expectancy at birth: 69 years male, 74 years female (1990)

Total fertility rate: 5.4 children born/woman (1990)

Contraceptive prevalence rate

Drinking water source

Current health expenditure

Physicians density

Hospital bed density

Sanitation facility access


Major infectious diseases

Obesity adult prevalence rate

Alcohol consumption

Tobacco use

Children under the age of 5 years underweight

Education expenditures

Literacy: 99%

School life expectancy primary to tertiary education

Youth unemployment

American Samoa - Government 1990
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Country name: conventional long form: Territory of American Samoa

Government type: unincorporated and unorganized territory of the US

Capital: Pago Pago

Administrative divisions: none (territory of the US)

Dependent areas

Independence: none (territory of the US)

National holiday: Flag Day, 17 April (1900)

Constitution: ratified 1966, in effect 1967

Legal system

International law organization participation


Suffrage: universal at age 18; indigenous inhabitants are US nationals, not US citizens

Executive branch: Chief of State--President George BUSH (since 20 January 1989; Vice President Dan QUAYLE (since 20 January 1989; Head of Government--Governor Peter Tali COLEMAN (since 20 January 1989; Lieutenant Governor Galea'i POUMELE (since NA 1989)

Legislative branch: bicameral Legislature (Fono) consists of an upper house or Senate and a lower house or House of Representatives

Judicial branch: High Court

Political parties and leaders

International organization participation

Diplomatic representation
In the us: none (territory of the US)

Flag descriptionflag of American%20Samoa: blue with a white triangle edged in red that is based on the fly side and extends to the hoist side; a brown and white American bald eagle flying toward the hoist side is carrying two traditional Samoan symbols of authority, a staff and a war club

National symbols

National anthem

National heritage

American Samoa - Economy 1990
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Economy overview: Economic development is strongly linked to the US, with which American Samoa does 90% of its foreign trade. Tuna fishing and tuna processing plants are the backbone of the private sector economy, with canned tuna the primary export. The tuna canneries are the second-largest employer, exceeded only by the government. Other economic activities include meat canning, handicrafts, dairy farming, and a slowly developing tourist industry. Tropical agricultural production provides little surplus for export.

Real gdp purchasing power parity

Real gdp growth rate

Real gdp per capita ppp

Gross national saving
Gdp composition by sector of origin

Gdp composition by end use

Gdp composition by sector of origin

Agriculture products: bananas, coconuts, vegetables, taro, breadfruit, yams, copra, pineapples, papayas

Industries: tuna canneries (largely dependent on foreign supplies of raw tuna)

Industrial production growth rate: NA%

Labor force: 10,000; 48% government, 33% tuna canneries, 19% other (1986 est.)
Labor force

Unemployment rate: 13.4% (1986)

Youth unemployment

Population below poverty line

Gini index

Household income or consumption by percentage share

Distribution of family income gini index

Budget: revenues $90.3 million; expenditures $93.15 million, including capital expenditures of $4.9 million (1988)

Public debt

Taxes and other revenues


Fiscal year: 1 October-30 September

Current account balance

Inflation rate consumer prices

Central bank discount rate

Commercial bank prime lending rate

Stock of narrow money

Stock of broad money

Stock of domestic credit

Market value of publicly traded shares

Current account balance

Exports: $288 million (f.o.b., 1987)
Commodities: canned tuna 93%
Partners: US 99.6%

Imports: $346 million (c.i.f., 1987)
Commodities: building materials 18%, food 17%, petroleum products 14%
Partners: US 72%, Japan 7%, NZ 7%, Australia 5%, other 9%

Reserves of foreign exchange and gold

Debt external: $NA

Stock of direct foreign investment at home

Stock of direct foreign investment abroad

Exchange rates: US currency is used

American Samoa - Energy 1990
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Electricity access

Electricity production

Electricity consumption

Electricity exports

Electricity imports

Electricity installed generating capacity

Electricity transmission distribution losses

Electricity generation sources


Refined petroleum

Natural gas

Carbon dioxide emissions

Energy consumption per capita

American Samoa - Communication 1990
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Telephones fixed lines

Telephones mobile cellular

Telephone system

Broadcast media

Internet country code

Internet users

Broadband fixed subscriptions

American Samoa - Military 1990
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Military expenditures

Military and security forces

Military service age and obligation

Terrorist groups

American Samoa - Transportation 1990
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National air transport system

Civil aircraft registration country code prefix

Airports: 3 total, 3 usable; 1 with permanent-surface runways; none with runways over 3,659 m; 1 with runways 2,440 to 3,659 m (international airport at Tafuna, near Pago Pago; small airstrips on Ta'u and Ofu

Airports with paved runways

Airports with unpaved runways






Merchant marine

Ports and terminals

American Samoa - Transnational issues 1990
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Disputes international

Refugees and internally displaced persons

Illicit drugs


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