Statistical information Burundi 1990Burundi

Map of Burundi | Geography | People | Government | Economy | Energy | Communication
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Burundi in the World

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Burundi - Geography 1990
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Geographic coordinates

Map reference


Land boundaries: 974 km total; Rwanda 290 km, Tanzania 451 km, Democratic Republic of the Congo 233 km

Coastline: none--landlocked

Maritime claims: none--landlocked

Climate: temperate; warm; occasional frost in uplands

Terrain: mostly rolling to hilly highland; some plains


Natural resources: nickel, uranium, rare earth oxide, peat, cobalt, copper, platinum (not yet exploited), vanadium
Land use

Land use: 43% arable land; 8% permanent crops; 35% meadows and pastures; 2% forest and woodland; 12% other; includes NEGL% irrigated

Irrigated land

Major rivers

Major watersheds area km²

Total water withdrawal

Total renewable water resources

Natural hazards

Note: landlocked; straddles crest of the Nile-Congo watershed

Burundi - People 1990
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Population: 5,645,997 (July 1990), growth rate 3.2% (1990)

Nationality: noun--Burundian(s; adjective--Burundi

Ethnic groups: Africans--85% Hutu (Bantu), 14% Tutsi (Hamitic), 1% Twa (Pygmy; other Africans include about 70,000 refugees, mostly Rwandans and Zairians; non-Africans include about 3,000 Europeans and 2,000 South Asians

Languages: Kirundi and French (official; Swahili (along Lake Tanganyika and in the Bujumbura area)

Religions: about 67% Christian (62% Roman Catholic, 5% Protestant), 32% indigenous beliefs, 1% Muslim

Demographic profile
Age structure

Age structure

Dependency ratios

Median age

Population growth rate

Birth rate: 47 births/1000 population (1990)

Death rate: 15 deaths/1000 population (1990)

Net migration rate: 0 migrants/1000 population (1990)

Population distribution


Major urban areas

Current issues: soil exhaustion; soil erosion; deforestation

Air pollutants

Sex ratio

Mothers mean age at first birth

Maternal mortality ratio

Infant mortality rate: 111 deaths/1000 live births (1990)

Life expectancy at birth: 50 years male, 54 years female (1990)

Total fertility rate: 7.0 children born/woman (1990)

Contraceptive prevalence rate

Drinking water source

Current health expenditure

Physicians density

Hospital bed density

Sanitation facility access


Major infectious diseases

Obesity adult prevalence rate

Alcohol consumption

Tobacco use

Children under the age of 5 years underweight

Education expenditures

Literacy: 33.8%

School life expectancy primary to tertiary education

Youth unemployment

Burundi - Government 1990
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Country name: conventional long form: Republic of Burundi

Government type: republic

Capital: Bujumbura

Administrative divisions: 15 provinces; Bubanza, Bujumbura, Bururi, Cankuzo, Cibitoke, Gitega, Karuzi, Kayanza, Kirundo, Makamba, Muramvya, Muyinga, Ngozi, Rutana, Ruyigi

Dependent areas

Independence: 1 July 1962 (from UN trusteeship under Belgian administration)

National holiday: Independence Day, 1 July (1962)

Constitution: 20 November 1981; suspended following the coup of 3 September 1987

Legal system: based on German and Belgian civil codes and customary law; has not accepted compulsory ICJ jurisdiction

International law organization participation


Suffrage: universal adult at age NA

Executive branch: Chief of State--President Pierre BUYOYA (since 9 September 1987; Head of Government Prime Minister Adrien SIBOMANA (since 26 October 1988)

Legislative branch: Army (includes naval and air units; paramilitary Gendarmerie

Judicial branch: Supreme Court (Cour Supreme)

Political parties and leaders

International organization participation: ACP, AfDB, CCC, EAMA, ECA, FAO, G-77, GATT, IBRD, ICAO, ICO, IDA, IFAD, IFC, ILO, IMF, INTERPOL, ITU, NAM, OAU, UN, UNESCO, UPU, WHO, WIPO, WMO, WTO

Diplomatic representation
In the us: Ambassador Julien KAVAKURE; Chancery at Suite 212, 2,233 Wisconsin Avenue NW, Washington DC 20,007; telephone (202) 342-2,574; US--Ambassador Cynthia Shepherd PERRY; Embassy at Avenue du Democratic Republic of the Congo, Bujumbura (mailing address is B. P. 1720, Bujumbura; telephone 234-54 through 56

Flag descriptionflag of Burundi: divided by a white diagonal cross into red panels (top and bottom) and green panels (hoist side and outer side) with a white disk superimposed at the center bearing three red six-pointed stars outlined in green arranged in a triangular design (one star above, two stars below)

National symbols

National anthem

National heritage

Burundi - Economy 1990
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Economy overview: A landlocked, resource-poor country in an early stage of economic development, Burundi is predominately agricultural with only a few basic industries. Its economic health is dependent on the coffee crop, which accounts for an average 90% of foreign exchange earnings each year. The ability to pay for imports therefore continues to rest largely on the vagaries of the climate and the international coffee market.

Real gdp purchasing power parity

Real gdp growth rate

Real gdp per capita ppp

Gross national saving
Gdp composition by sector of origin

Gdp composition by end use

Gdp composition by sector of origin

Agriculture products: accounts for 60% of GDP; 90% of population dependent on subsistence farming; marginally self-sufficient in food production; cash crops--coffee, cotton, tea; food crops--corn, sorghum, sweet potatoes, bananas, manioc; livestock--meat, milk, hides, and skins

Industries: light consumer goods such as blankets, shoes, soap; assembly of imports; public works construction; food processing

Industrial production growth rate

Labor force:
1,900,000 (1983 est.), 93.0% agriculture, 4.0% government, 1.5%
industry and commerce, 1.5%
services; 52% of population of working age (1985)

Labor force

Unemployment rate: NA%

Youth unemployment

Population below poverty line

Gini index

Household income or consumption by percentage share

Distribution of family income gini index

Budget: revenues $213 million; expenditures $292 million, including capital expenditures of $131 million (1988 est.)

Public debt

Taxes and other revenues


Fiscal year: calendar year

Current account balance

Inflation rate consumer prices

Central bank discount rate

Commercial bank prime lending rate

Stock of narrow money

Stock of broad money

Stock of domestic credit

Market value of publicly traded shares

Current account balance

Exports: $128 million (f.o.b., 1988)
Commodities: coffee 88%, tea, hides and skins
Partners: EC 83%, US 5%, Asia 2%

Imports: $204 million (c.i.f., 1988)
Commodities: capital goods 31%, petroleum products 15%, foodstuffs, consumer goods
Partners: EC 57%, Asia 23%, US 3%

Reserves of foreign exchange and gold

Debt external: $795 million (December 1989 est.)

Stock of direct foreign investment at home

Stock of direct foreign investment abroad

Exchange rates: Burundi francs (FBu) per US$1--176.20 (January 1990), 158.67 (1989), 140.40 (1988), 123.56 (1987), 114.17 (1986), 120.69 (1985)

Burundi - Energy 1990
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Electricity access

Electricity production

Electricity consumption

Electricity exports

Electricity imports

Electricity installed generating capacity

Electricity transmission distribution losses

Electricity generation sources


Refined petroleum

Natural gas

Carbon dioxide emissions

Energy consumption per capita

Burundi - Communication 1990
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Telephones fixed lines

Telephones mobile cellular

Telephone system

Broadcast media

Internet country code

Internet users

Broadband fixed subscriptions

Burundi - Military 1990
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Military expenditures
Percent of gdp: 3.1% of GDP (1987)

Military and security forces

Military service age and obligation

Terrorist groups

Burundi - Transportation 1990
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National air transport system

Civil aircraft registration country code prefix

Airports: 8 total, 7 usable; 1 with permanent-surface runways; none with runways over 3,659 m; 1 with runways 2,440-3,659 m; none with runways 1,220 to 2,439 m

Airports with paved runways

Airports with unpaved runways





Waterways: Lake Tanganyika

Merchant marine

Ports and terminals

Burundi - Transnational issues 1990
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Disputes international

Refugees and internally displaced persons

Illicit drugs


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