Statistical information Cambodia 1990Cambodia

Map of Cambodia | Geography | People | Government | Economy | Energy | Communication
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Cambodia in the World
Cambodia in the World

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Cambodia - Introduction 1990
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Background: Following a five-year struggle communist Khmer Rouge forces captured Phnom Penh in 1975 and ordered the evacuation of all cities and towns; over 1 million displaced people died from execution or enforced hardships. A 1978 Vietnamese invasion drove the Khmer Rouge into the countryside and touched off years of fighting.

Cambodia - Geography 1990
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Geographic coordinates

Map reference


Land boundaries: 2,572 km total; Laos 541 km, Thailand 803 km, Vietnam 1,228 km

Coastline: 443 km

Maritime claims
Contiguous zone: 24 nm
Continental shelf: 200 nm
Extended economic zone: 200 nm
Territorial sea: 12 nm

Climate: tropical; rainy, monsoon season (May to October; dry season (December to March; little seasonal temperature variation

Terrain: mostly low, flat plains; mountains in southwest and north


Natural resources: timber, gemstones, some iron ore, manganese, phosphates, hydropower potential
Land use

Land use: 16% arable land; 1% permanent crops; 3% meadows and pastures; 76% forest and woodland; 4% other; includes 1% irrigated

Irrigated land

Major rivers

Major watersheds area km²

Total water withdrawal

Total renewable water resources

Natural hazards

Note: buffer between Thailand and Vietnam

Cambodia - People 1990
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Population: 6,991,107 (July 1990), growth rate 2.2% (1990)

Nationality: noun--Cambodian(s; adjective--Cambodian

Ethnic groups: 90% Khmer (Cambodian), 5% Chinese, 5% other minorities

Languages: Khmer (official), French

Religions: 95% Theravada Buddhism, 5% other

Demographic profile
Age structure

Age structure

Dependency ratios

Median age

Population growth rate

Birth rate: 39 births/1000 population (1990)

Death rate: 16 deaths/1000 population (1990)

Net migration rate: 0 migrants/1000 population (1990)

Population distribution


Major urban areas

Current issues: a land of paddies and forests dominated by Mekong River and Tonle Sap

Air pollutants

Sex ratio

Mothers mean age at first birth

Maternal mortality ratio

Infant mortality rate: 128 deaths/1000 live births (1990)

Life expectancy at birth: 47 years male, 50 years female (1990)

Total fertility rate: 4.5 children born/woman (1990)

Contraceptive prevalence rate

Drinking water source

Current health expenditure

Physicians density

Hospital bed density

Sanitation facility access


Major infectious diseases

Obesity adult prevalence rate

Alcohol consumption

Tobacco use

Children under the age of 5 years underweight

Education expenditures

Literacy: 48%

School life expectancy primary to tertiary education

Youth unemployment

Cambodia - Government 1990
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Country name: conventional long form: none

Government type: disputed between the Coalition Government of Democratic Kampuchea (CGDK) led by Prince NORODOM SIHANOUK and the People's Republic of Kampuchea (PRK) led by HENG SAMRIN

Capital: Phnom Penh

Administrative divisions: 18 provinces (khet, singular and plural) and 1 autonomous municipality* (rottatheanei, singular and plural; Batdambang, Kampong Cham, Kampong Chhnang, Kampong Spoe, Kampong Thum, Kampot, Kandal, Kaoh Kong, Kracheh, Mondol Kiri, Phnum Penh*, Pouthisat, Preah Vihear, Prey Veng, Rotanokiri, Siemreab-Otdar Meanchey, Stoeng Treng, Svay Rieng, Takev; note--there may be a new province of Banteay Meanchey and Siemreab-Otdar Meanchey may have been divided into two provinces named Siemreab and Otdar Meanchey

Dependent areas

Independence: 9 November 1953 (from France)

National holiday: CGDK--Independence Day, 17 April (1975; PRK--Liberation Day, 7 January (1979)

Constitution: 27 June 1981

Legal system

International law organization participation


Suffrage: universal at age 18

Executive branch: Chief of State--CGDK--President Prince NORODOM SIHANOUK (since NA July 1982; PRK--Chairman of the Council of State HENG SAMRIN (since 27 June 1981; Head of Government--CGDK--Prime Minister SON SANN (since NA July 1982; PRK--Chairman of the Council of Ministers HUN SEN (since 14 January 1985)

Legislative branch: PRK--People's Republic of Kampuchea Armed Forces; Communist resistance forces--National Army of Democratic Kampuchea (Khmer Rouge; non-Communist resistance forces--Sihanoukist National Army (ANS) and Khmer People's National Liberation Front (KPNLF)

Judicial branch: CGDK--none; PRK--Supreme People's Court

Political parties and leaders

International organization participation: ADB, Colombo Plan, ESCAP, FAO, G-77, GATT (de facto), IAEA, IBRD, ICAO, IDA, ILO, IMF, IMO, INTERPOL, IRC, ITU, Mekong Committee (inactive), NAM, UN, UNESCO, UPU, WFTU, WHO, WMO, WTO for CGDK; none for PRK

Diplomatic representation
In the us: none

Flag descriptionflag of Cambodia: CGDK--red with the yellow silhouette of a stylized three-towered temple representing Angkor Wat in the center; Non-Communists--three horizontal bands of blue, red (double width), and blue with a white stylized temple representing Angkor Wat centered on the red band; PRK--red with the yellow silhouette of a stylized five-towered temple representing Angkor Wat in the center

National symbols

National anthem

National heritage

Cambodia - Economy 1990
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Economy overview: Cambodia is a desperately poor country whose economic development has been stymied by deadly political infighting. The economy is based on agriculture and related industries. Over the past decade Cambodia has been slowly recovering from its near destruction by war and political upheaval. It still remains, however, one of the world's poorest countries, with an estimated per capita GDP of about $130. The food situation is precarious; during the 1980s famine has been averted only through international relief. In 1986 the production level of rice, the staple food crop, was able to meet only 80% of domestic needs. The biggest success of the nation's recovery program has been in new rubber plantings and in fishing. Industry, other than rice processing, is almost nonexistent. Foreign trade is primarily with the USSR and Vietnam. Statistical data on the economy continues to be sparse and unreliable.

Real gdp purchasing power parity

Real gdp growth rate

Real gdp per capita ppp

Gross national saving
Gdp composition by sector of origin

Gdp composition by end use

Gdp composition by sector of origin

Agriculture products: mainly subsistence farming except for rubber plantations; main crops--rice, rubber, corn; food shortages--rice, meat, vegetables, dairy products, sugar, flour

Industries: rice milling, fishing, wood and wood products, rubber, cement, gem mining

Industrial production growth rate: NA%

Labor force: 2.5-3.0 million; 80% agriculture (1988 est.)
Labor force

Unemployment rate: NA%

Youth unemployment

Population below poverty line

Gini index

Household income or consumption by percentage share

Distribution of family income gini index

Budget: revenues $NA; expenditures $NA, including capital expenditures of $NA

Public debt

Taxes and other revenues


Fiscal year: calendar year

Current account balance

Inflation rate consumer prices

Central bank discount rate

Commercial bank prime lending rate

Stock of narrow money

Stock of broad money

Stock of domestic credit

Market value of publicly traded shares

Current account balance

Exports: $32 million (f.o.b., 1988)
Commodities: natural rubber, rice, pepper, wood
Partners: Vietnam, USSR, Eastern Europe, Japan, India

Imports: $147 million (c.i.f., 1988)
Commodities: international food aid; fuels, consumer goods
Partners: Vietnam, USSR, Eastern Europe, Japan, India

Reserves of foreign exchange and gold

Debt external: $600 million (1989)

Stock of direct foreign investment at home

Stock of direct foreign investment abroad

Exchange rates: riels (CR) per US$1--218 (November 1989) 100.00 (1987), 30.00 (1986), 7.00 (1985)

Cambodia - Energy 1990
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Electricity access

Electricity production

Electricity consumption

Electricity exports

Electricity imports

Electricity installed generating capacity

Electricity transmission distribution losses

Electricity generation sources


Refined petroleum

Natural gas

Carbon dioxide emissions

Energy consumption per capita

Cambodia - Communication 1990
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Telephones fixed lines

Telephones mobile cellular

Telephone system

Broadcast media

Internet country code

Internet users

Broadband fixed subscriptions

Cambodia - Military 1990
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Military expenditures
Percent of gdp: NA

Military and security forces

Military service age and obligation

Terrorist groups

Cambodia - Transportation 1990
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National air transport system

Civil aircraft registration country code prefix

Airports: 22 total, 9 usable; 6 with permanent-surface runways; none with runways over 3,659 m; 2 with runways 2,440-3,659 m; 4 with runways 1,220-2,439 m

Airports with paved runways

Airports with unpaved runways





Waterways: 3,700 km navigable all year to craft drawing 0.6 meters; 282 km navigable to craft drawing 1.8 meters

Merchant marine

Ports and terminals

Cambodia - Transnational issues 1990
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Disputes international: offshore islands and three sections of the boundary with Vietnam are in dispute; maritime boundary with Vietnam not defined; occupied by Vietnam on 25 December 1978

Refugees and internally displaced persons

Illicit drugs


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