Statistical information Comoros 1990Comoros

Map of Comoros | Geography | People | Government | Economy | Energy | Communication
Military | Transportation | Transnational Issues | Year:  | More stats

Comoros in the World
Comoros in the World

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Comoros - Introduction 1990
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Background: Comoros has had difficulty in achieving political stability, having endured 18 coups or attempted coups since receiving independence from France in 1975.

Comoros - Geography 1990
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Geographic coordinates

Map reference


Land boundaries: none

Coastline: 340 km

Maritime claims
Extended economic zone: 200 nm
Territorial sea: 12 nm

Climate: tropical marine; rainy season (November to May)

Terrain: volcanic islands, interiors vary from steep mountains to low hills


Natural resources: negligible
Land use

Land use: 35% arable land; 8% permanent crops; 7% meadows and pastures; 16% forest and woodland; 34% other

Irrigated land

Major rivers

Major watersheds area km²

Total water withdrawal

Total renewable water resources

Natural hazards

Note: important location at northern end of Mozambique Channel

Comoros - People 1990
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Population: 460,188 (July 1990), growth rate 3.5% (1990)

Nationality: noun--Comoran(s; adjective--Comoran

Ethnic groups: Antalote, Cafre, Makoa, Oimatsaha, Sakalava

Languages: Shaafi Islam (a Swahili dialect), Malagasy, French

Religions: 86% Sunni Muslim, 14% Roman Catholic

Demographic profile
Age structure

Age structure

Dependency ratios

Median age

Population growth rate

Birth rate: 48 births/1000 population (1990)

Death rate: 12 deaths/1000 population (1990)

Net migration rate: 0 migrants/1000 population (1990)

Population distribution


Major urban areas

Current issues: soil degradation and erosion; deforestation; cyclones possible during rainy season

Air pollutants

Sex ratio

Mothers mean age at first birth

Maternal mortality ratio

Infant mortality rate: 89 deaths/1000 live births (1990)

Life expectancy at birth: 54 years male, 58 years female (1990)

Total fertility rate: 7.0 children born/woman (1990)

Contraceptive prevalence rate

Drinking water source

Current health expenditure

Physicians density

Hospital bed density

Sanitation facility access


Major infectious diseases

Obesity adult prevalence rate

Alcohol consumption

Tobacco use

Children under the age of 5 years underweight

Education expenditures

Literacy: 15%

School life expectancy primary to tertiary education

Youth unemployment

Comoros - Government 1990
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Country name: conventional long form: Federal Islamic Republic of the Comoros

Government type: independent republic

Capital: Moroni

Administrative divisions: 3 islands; Anjouan, Grande Comore, Moheli; note--there may also be 4 municipalities named Domoni, Fomboni, Moroni, and Mutsamudu

Dependent areas

Independence: 6 July 1975 (from France)

National holiday: Independence Day, 6 July (1975)

Constitution: 1 October 1978, amended October 1982 and January 1985

Legal system: French and Muslim law in a new consolidated code

International law organization participation


Suffrage: universal at age 18

Executive branch: Chief of State and Head of Government--President Said Mohamed DJOHAR (since 11 March 1990)

Legislative branch: Army, Presidential Guard, Gendarmerie

Judicial branch: Supreme Court (Cour Supreme)

Political parties and leaders

International organization participation: ACP, AfDB, FAO, G-77, IBRD, IDA, IDB--Islamic Development Bank, IFAD, ILO, IMF, ITU, NAM, OAU, OIC, UN, UNESCO, UPU, WHO, WMO

Diplomatic representation
In the us: Ambassador Amini Ali MOUMIN; Chancery (temporary) at the Comoran Permanent Mission to the UN, 336 East 45th Street, 2nd Floor, New York, NY 10,017; telephone (212) 972-8,010; US--Ambassador Howard K. WALKER, resides in Antananarivo (Madagascar; Embassy at address NA, Moroni (mailing address B. P. 1318, Moroni; telephone 73-12-03

Flag descriptionflag of Comoros: green with a white crescent placed diagonally (closed side of the crescent points to the upper hoist-side corner of the flag; there are four white five-pointed stars placed in a line between the points of the crescent; the crescent, stars, and color green are traditional symbols of Islam; the four stars represent the four main islands of the archipelago--Mwali, Njazidja, Nzwani, and Mayotte (which is a territorial collectivity of France, but claimed by the Comoros)

National symbols

National anthem

National heritage

Comoros - Economy 1990
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Economy overview: One of the world's poorest countries, Comoros is made up of several islands that have poor transportation links, a young and rapidly increasing population, and few natural resources. The low educational level of the labor force contributes to a low level of economic activity, high unemployment, and a heavy dependence on foreign technical assistance. Agriculture, including fishing and forestry, is the leading sector of the economy. It contributes about 40% to GDP, employs 80% of the labor force, and provides most of the exports. The country is not self-sufficient in food production, and rice, the main staple, accounts for 90% of imports. During the period 1982-86 the industrial sector grew at an annual average rate of 5.3%, but its contribution to GDP was less than 4% in 1986. Despite major investment in the tourist industry, which accounts for about 25% of GDP, growth has stagnated since 1983.

Real gdp purchasing power parity

Real gdp growth rate

Real gdp per capita ppp

Gross national saving
Gdp composition by sector of origin

Gdp composition by end use

Gdp composition by sector of origin

Agriculture products: accounts for 40% of GDP; most of population works in subsistence agriculture and fishing; plantations produce cash crops for export--vanilla, cloves, perfume essences, and copra; principal food crops--coconuts, bananas, cassava; world's leading producer of essence of ylang-ylang (for perfumes) and second-largest producer of vanilla; large net food importer

Industries: perfume distillation

Industrial production growth rate: 3.4% (1988 est.)

Labor force: 140,000 (1982; 80% agriculture, 3% government; 51% of population of working age (1985)
Labor force

Unemployment rate: over 16% (1988 est.)

Youth unemployment

Population below poverty line

Gini index

Household income or consumption by percentage share

Distribution of family income gini index

Budget: revenues $75.2 million; expenditures $77.9 million, including capital expenditures of $4.8 million (1988 est.)

Public debt

Taxes and other revenues


Fiscal year: calendar year

Current account balance

Inflation rate consumer prices

Central bank discount rate

Commercial bank prime lending rate

Stock of narrow money

Stock of broad money

Stock of domestic credit

Market value of publicly traded shares

Current account balance

Exports: $12 million (f.o.b., 1987)
Commodities: vanilla, cloves, perfume oil, copra
Partners: US 53%, France 41%, Africa 4%, FRG 2%

Imports: $52 million (c.i.f., 1987)
Commodities: rice and other foodstuffs, cement, petroleum products, consumer goods
Partners: Europe 62% (France 22%, other 40%), Africa 5%, Pakistan, China

Reserves of foreign exchange and gold

Debt external: $238 million (December 1988)

Stock of direct foreign investment at home

Stock of direct foreign investment abroad

Exchange rates: Comoran francs (CF) per US$1--287.99 (January 1990), 319.01 (1989), 297.85 (1988), 300.54 (1987), 346.30 (1986), 449.26 (1985; note--linked to the French franc at 50 to 1 French franc

Comoros - Energy 1990
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Electricity access

Electricity production

Electricity consumption

Electricity exports

Electricity imports

Electricity installed generating capacity

Electricity transmission distribution losses

Electricity generation sources


Refined petroleum

Natural gas

Carbon dioxide emissions

Energy consumption per capita

Comoros - Communication 1990
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Telephones fixed lines

Telephones mobile cellular

Telephone system

Broadcast media

Internet country code

Internet users

Broadband fixed subscriptions

Comoros - Military 1990
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Military expenditures
Percent of gdp: 3% of GDP (1981)

Military and security forces

Military service age and obligation

Terrorist groups

Comoros - Transportation 1990
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National air transport system

Civil aircraft registration country code prefix

Airports: 4 total, 4 usable; 4 with permanent-surface runways; none with runways over 3,659 m; 1 with runways 2,440-3,659 m; 3 with runways 1,220-2,439 m

Airports with paved runways

Airports with unpaved runways






Merchant marine

Ports and terminals

Comoros - Transnational issues 1990
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Disputes international: claims French-administered Mayotte

Refugees and internally displaced persons

Illicit drugs

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