Statistical information Congo 1990Congo

Map of Congo | Geography | People | Government | Economy | Energy | Communication
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Congo in the World
Congo in the World

Congo - Introduction 1990
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Background: Upon independence in 1960 the former French region of Middle Congo became the Republic of the Congo. A quarter century of experimentation with Marxism was abandoned in 1990.

Congo - Geography 1990
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Geographic coordinates

Map reference


Land boundaries: 5,504 km total; Angola 201 km, Cameroon 523 km, Central African Republic 467 km, Gabon 1,903 km, Democratic Republic of the Congo 2,410 km

Coastline: 169 km

Maritime claims: Territorial sea:200 nm

Climate: tropical; rainy season (March to June; dry season (June to October; constantly high temperatures and humidity; particularly enervating climate astride the Equator

Terrain: coastal plain, southern basin, central plateau, northern basin


Natural resources: petroleum, timber, potash, lead, zinc, uranium, copper, phosphates, natural gas
Land use

Land use: 2% arable land; NEGL% permanent crops; 29% meadows and pastures; 62% forest and woodland; 7% other

Irrigated land

Major rivers

Major watersheds area km²

Total water withdrawal

Total renewable water resources

Natural hazards


Congo - People 1990
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Population: 2,242,274 (July 1990), growth rate 3.0% (1990)

Nationality: noun--Congolese (sing., pl.; adjective--Congolese or Congo

Ethnic groups: about 15 ethnic groups divided into some 75 tribes, almost all Bantu; most important ethnic groups are Kongo (48%) in the south, Sangha (20%) and M'Bochi (12%) in the north, Teke (17%) in the center; about 8,500 Europeans, mostly French

Languages: French (official; many African languages with Lingala and Kikongo most widely used

Religions: 50% Christian, 48% animist, 2% Muslim

Demographic profile
Age structure

Age structure

Dependency ratios

Median age

Population growth rate

Birth rate: 43 births/1000 population (1990)

Death rate: 14 deaths/1000 population (1990)

Net migration rate: 0 migrants/1000 population (1990)

Population distribution


Major urban areas

Current issues: deforestation; about 70% of the population lives in Brazzaville, Pointe Noire, or along the railroad between them

Air pollutants

Sex ratio

Mothers mean age at first birth

Maternal mortality ratio

Infant mortality rate: 110 deaths/1000 live births (1990)

Life expectancy at birth: 52 years male, 55 years female (1990)

Total fertility rate: 5.8 children born/woman (1990)

Contraceptive prevalence rate

Drinking water source

Current health expenditure

Physicians density

Hospital bed density

Sanitation facility access


Major infectious diseases

Obesity adult prevalence rate

Alcohol consumption

Tobacco use

Children under the age of 5 years underweight

Education expenditures

Literacy: 62.9%

School life expectancy primary to tertiary education

Youth unemployment

Congo - Government 1990
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Country name: conventional long form: People's Republic of the Congo

Government type: people's republic

Capital: Brazzaville

Administrative divisions: 9 regions (regions, singular--region; Bouenza, Cuvette, Kouilou, Lekoumou, Likouala, Niari, Plateaux, Pool, Sangha; note--there may be a new capital district of Brazzaville

Dependent areas

Independence: 15 August 1960 (from France; formerly Congo/Brazzaville)

National holiday: National Day, 15 August (1960)

Constitution: 8 July 1979

Legal system: based on French civil law system and customary law

International law organization participation


Suffrage: universal at age 18

Executive branch: Chief of State and Head of Government--President Denis SASSOU-NGUESSO (since 8 February 1979; Prime Minister Alphonse POATY-SOUCHLATY (since 6 August 1989)

Legislative branch: Army, Navy, Air Force, paramilitary National People's Militia

Judicial branch: Supreme Court (Cour Supreme)

Political parties and leaders

International organization participation: ACP, AfDB, CCC, Conference of East and Central African States, EAMA, ECA, EIB (associate), FAO, G-77, GATT, IBRD, ICAO, ICO, IDA, IFAD, IFC, ILO, IMF, IMO, INTELSAT, INTERPOL, ITU, NAM, OAU, UDEAC, UEAC, UN, UNESCO, UPU, WFTU, WHO, WIPO, WMO

Diplomatic representation
In the us: Ambassador Benjamin BOUNKOULOU; Chancery at 4,891 Colorado Avenue NW, Washington DC 20,011; telephone (202) 726-5,500; US--Ambassador-designate James Daniel PHILLIPS; Embassy at Avenue Amilcar Cabral, Brazzaville (mailing address is B. P. 1015, Brazzaville, or Box C, APO New York 9,662-0006; telephone 83-20-70 or 83-26-24

Flag descriptionflag of Congo: red with the national emblem in the upper hoist-side corner; the emblem includes a yellow five-pointed star above a crossed hoe and hammer (like the hammer and sickle design) in yellow, flanked by two curved green palm branches; uses the popular pan-African colors of Ethiopia

National symbols

National anthem

National heritage

Congo - Economy 1990
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Economy overview: Oil has supplanted forestry as the mainstay of the economy, providing about two-thirds of government revenues and exports. In the early 1980s rapidly rising oil revenues enabled Congo to finance large-scale development projects with growth averaging 5% annually, one of the highest rates in Africa. The world decline in oil prices, however, has forced the government to launch an austerity program to cope with declining receipts and mounting foreign debts.

Real gdp purchasing power parity

Real gdp growth rate

Real gdp per capita ppp

Gross national saving
Gdp composition by sector of origin

Gdp composition by end use

Gdp composition by sector of origin

Agriculture products: accounts for 11% of GDP (including fishing and forestry; cassava accounts for 90% of food output; other crops--rice, corn, peanuts, vegetables; cash crops include coffee and cocoa; forest products important export earner; imports over 90% of food needs

Industries: crude oil, cement, sawmills, brewery, sugar mill, palm oil, soap, cigarettes

Industrial production growth rate: - 5.9% (1987)

Labor force: 79,100 wage earners; 75% agriculture, 25% commerce, industry, and government; 51% of population of working age; 40% of population economically active (1985)
Labor force

Unemployment rate: NA%

Youth unemployment

Population below poverty line

Gini index

Household income or consumption by percentage share

Distribution of family income gini index

Budget: revenues $382 million; expenditures $575 million, including capital expenditures of $118 million (1988)

Public debt

Taxes and other revenues


Fiscal year: calendar year

Current account balance

Inflation rate consumer prices

Central bank discount rate

Commercial bank prime lending rate

Stock of narrow money

Stock of broad money

Stock of domestic credit

Market value of publicly traded shares

Current account balance

Exports: $912 million (f.o.b., 1987)
Commodities: crude petroleum 72%, lumber, plywood, coffee, cocoa, sugar, diamonds
Partners: US, France, other EC

Imports: $494.4 million (c.i.f., 1987)
Commodities: foodstuffs, consumer goods, intermediate manufactures, capital equipment
Partners: France, Italy, other EC, US, FRG, Spain, Japan, Brazil

Reserves of foreign exchange and gold

Debt external: $4.5 billion (December 1988)

Stock of direct foreign investment at home

Stock of direct foreign investment abroad

Exchange rates: Communaute Financiere Africaine francs (CFAF) per US$1--287.99 (January 1990), 319.01 (1989), 297.85 (1988), 300.54 (1987), 346.30 (1986), 449.26 (1985)

Congo - Energy 1990
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Electricity access

Electricity production

Electricity consumption

Electricity exports

Electricity imports

Electricity installed generating capacity

Electricity transmission distribution losses

Electricity generation sources


Refined petroleum

Natural gas

Carbon dioxide emissions

Energy consumption per capita

Congo - Communication 1990
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Telephones fixed lines

Telephones mobile cellular

Telephone system

Broadcast media

Internet country code

Internet users

Broadband fixed subscriptions

Congo - Military 1990
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Military expenditures
Percent of gdp: 4.6% of GDP (1987)

Military and security forces

Military service age and obligation

Terrorist groups

Congo - Transportation 1990
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National air transport system

Civil aircraft registration country code prefix

Airports: 51 total, 46 usable; 5 with permanent-surface runways; none with runways over 3,659 m; 1 with runways 2,440-3,659 m; 17 with runways 1,220-2,439 m

Airports with paved runways

Airports with unpaved runways


Pipelines: crude oil 25 km



Waterways: the Congo and Ubangi (Oubangui) Rivers provide 1,120 km of commercially navigable water transport; the rest are used for local traffic only

Merchant marine

Ports and terminals

Congo - Transnational issues 1990
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Disputes international: long section with Democratic Republic of the Congo along the Congo River is indefinite (no division of the river or its islands has been made)

Refugees and internally displaced persons

Illicit drugs

Trusted Tours

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