Statistical information Cook Islands 1990Cook%20Islands

Map of Cook Islands | Geography | People | Government | Economy | Energy | Communication
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Cook Islands in the World
Cook Islands in the World


Cook Islands - Introduction 1990
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Background: Named after Captain Cook, who sighted them in 1770, the islands became a British protectorate in 1888. By 1900, administrative control was transferred to New Zealand. Residents chose self-government with free association with New Zealand in 1965. The emigration of Cook Islanders to New Zealand in large numbers and resulting loss of skilled labor and government deficits are continuing problems.

Cook Islands - Geography 1990
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Geographic coordinates

Map reference


Land boundaries: none

Coastline: 120 km

Maritime claims
Continental shelf: 200 meters or edge of continental margin
Extended economic zone: 200 nm
Territorial sea: 12 nm

Climate: tropical; moderated by trade winds

Terrain: low coral atolls in north; volcanic, hilly islands in south


Natural resources: negligible
Land use

Land use: 4% arable land; 22% permanent crops; 0% meadows and pastures; 0% forest and woodland; 74% other

Irrigated land

Major rivers

Major watersheds area km²

Total water withdrawal

Total renewable water resources

Natural hazards

Note: defense is the responsibility of New Zealand

Cook Islands - People 1990
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Population: 18,187 (July 1990), growth rate 0.5% (1990)

Nationality: noun--Cook Islander(s; adjective--Cook Islander

Ethnic groups: 81.3% Polynesian (full blood), 7.7% Polynesian and European, 7.7% Polynesian and other, 2.4% European, 0.9% other

Languages: English

Religions: Christian, majority of populace members of Cook Islands Christian Church

Demographic profile
Age structure

Age structure

Dependency ratios

Median age

Population growth rate

Birth rate: 22 births/1000 population (1990)

Death rate: 7 deaths/1000 population (1990)

Net migration rate: - 10 migrants/1000 population (1990)

Population distribution


Major urban areas

Current issues: subject to typhoons from November to March

Air pollutants

Sex ratio

Mothers mean age at first birth

Maternal mortality ratio

Infant mortality rate: 24 deaths/1000 live births (1990)

Life expectancy at birth: 66 years male, 72 years female (1990)

Total fertility rate: 3.5 children born/woman (1990)

Contraceptive prevalence rate

Drinking water source

Current health expenditure

Physicians density

Hospital bed density

Sanitation facility access


Major infectious diseases

Obesity adult prevalence rate

Alcohol consumption

Tobacco use

Children under the age of 5 years underweight

Education expenditures

Literacy: NA%

School life expectancy primary to tertiary education

Youth unemployment

Cook Islands - Government 1990
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Country name: conventional long form: none

Government type: self-governing in free association with New Zealand; Cook Islands fully responsible for internal affairs; New Zealand retains responsibility for external affairs, in consultation with the Cook Islands

Capital: Avarua

Administrative divisions: none

Dependent areas

Independence: became self-governing in free association with New Zealand on 4 August 1965 and has the right at any time to move to full independence by unilateral action

National holiday: NA

Constitution: 4 August 1965

Legal system

International law organization participation


Suffrage: universal adult at age NA

Executive branch: Chief of State--Queen ELIZABETH II (since 6 February 1952; Representative of the UK Sir Tangaroa TANGAROA (since NA; Representative of New Zealand Adrian SINCOCK (since NA; Head of Government--Prime Minister Geoffrey HENRY (since NA February 1989; Deputy Prime Minister Inatio AKARURU (since NA)

Legislative branch: unicameral Parliament; note--the unicameral House of Arikis (chiefs) advises on traditional matters, but has no legislative powers

Judicial branch: High Court

Political parties and leaders

International organization participation: ADB, ESCAP (associate member), IDA, IFC, IMF, SPEC, SPF

Diplomatic representation
In the us: none (self-governing in free association with New Zealand)

Flag descriptionflag of Cook%20Islands: blue with the flag of the UK in the upper hoist-side quadrant and a large circle of 15 white five-pointed stars (one for every island) centered in the outer half of the flag

National symbols

National anthem

National heritage

Cook Islands - Economy 1990
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Economy overview: Agriculture provides the economic base. The major export earners are fruit, copra, and clothing. Manufacturing activities are limited to a fruit-processing plant and several clothing factories. Economic development is hindered by the isolation of the islands from foreign markets and a lack of natural resources and good transportation links. A large trade deficit is annually made up for by remittances from emigrants and from foreign aid. Current economic development plans call for exploiting the tourism potential and expanding the fishing industry.

Real gdp purchasing power parity

Real gdp growth rate

Real gdp per capita ppp

Gross national saving
Gdp composition by sector of origin

Gdp composition by end use

Gdp composition by sector of origin

Agriculture products: export crops--copra, citrus fruits, pineapples, tomatoes, bananas; subsistence crops--yams, taro

Industries: fruit processing, tourism

Industrial production growth rate: NA%

Labor force: 5,810; agriculture 29%, government 27%, services 25%, industry 15%, and other 4% (1981)
Labor force

Unemployment rate: NA%

Youth unemployment

Population below poverty line

Gini index

Household income or consumption by percentage share

Distribution of family income gini index

Budget: revenues $33.8 million; expenditures $34.4 million, including capital expenditures of $NA (1990 est.)

Public debt

Taxes and other revenues


Fiscal year: 1 April-31 March

Current account balance

Inflation rate consumer prices

Central bank discount rate

Commercial bank prime lending rate

Stock of narrow money

Stock of broad money

Stock of domestic credit

Market value of publicly traded shares

Current account balance

Exports: $4.0 million (f.o.b., 1988)
Commodities: copra, fresh and canned fruit, clothing
Partners: NZ 80%, Japan

Imports: $38.7 million (c.i.f., 1988)
Commodities: foodstuffs, textiles, fuels, timber
Partners: NZ 49%, Japan, Australia, US

Reserves of foreign exchange and gold

Debt external: $NA

Stock of direct foreign investment at home

Stock of direct foreign investment abroad

Exchange rates: New Zealand dollars (NZ$) per US$1--1.6581 (January 1990), 1.6708 (1989), 1.5244 (1988), 1.6886 (1987), 1.9088 (1986), 2.0064 (1985)

Cook Islands - Energy 1990
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Electricity access

Electricity production

Electricity consumption

Electricity exports

Electricity imports

Electricity installed generating capacity

Electricity transmission distribution losses

Electricity generation sources


Refined petroleum

Natural gas

Carbon dioxide emissions

Energy consumption per capita

Cook Islands - Communication 1990
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Telephones fixed lines

Telephones mobile cellular

Telephone system

Broadcast media

Internet country code

Internet users

Broadband fixed subscriptions

Cook Islands - Military 1990
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Military expenditures

Military and security forces

Military service age and obligation

Terrorist groups

Cook Islands - Transportation 1990
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National air transport system

Civil aircraft registration country code prefix

Airports: 7 total, 5 usable; 1 with permanent-surface runways; none with runways over 2,439 m; 3 with runways 1,220-2,439 m

Airports with paved runways

Airports with unpaved runways






Merchant marine

Ports and terminals

Cook Islands - Transnational issues 1990
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Disputes international

Refugees and internally displaced persons

Illicit drugs

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