Statistical information Federated States of Micronesia 1990Federated%20States%20of%20Micronesia

Map of Federated States of Micronesia | Geography | People | Government | Economy | Energy | Communication
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Federated States of Micronesia in the World
Federated States of Micronesia in the World

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Federated States of Micronesia - Introduction 1990
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Background: In 1979 the Federated States of Micronesia a UN Trust Territory under US administration adopted a constitution. In 1986 independence was attained under a Compact of Free Association with the United States. Present concerns include large-scale unemployment overfishing and overdependence on US aid.


Federated States of Micronesia - Geography 1990
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Location

Geographic coordinates

Map reference

Area

Land boundaries: none

Coastline: 6,112 km

Maritime claims
Extended economic zone: 200 nm
Territorial sea: 12 nm

Climate: tropical; heavy year-round rainfall, especially in the eastern islands; located on southern edge of the typhoon belt with occasional severe damage

Terrain: islands vary geologically from high mountainous islands to low, coral atolls; volcanic outcroppings on Pohnpei, Kosrae, and Truk

Elevation

Natural resources: forests, marine products, deep-seabed minerals
Land use

Land use: NA% arable land; NA% permanent crops; NA% meadows and pastures; NA% forest and woodland; NA% other

Irrigated land

Major rivers

Major watersheds area km²

Total water withdrawal

Total renewable water resources

Natural hazards

Geography
Note: defense is the responsibility of the US Micronesia, Federated States of Micronesia, Federated States of Micronesia, Federated States of


Federated States of Micronesia - People 1990
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Population: 104,937 (July 1990), growth rate 2.6% (1990)

Nationality: noun--Micronesian(s; adjective--Micronesian; Kosrae(s), Pohnpeian(s), Trukese, Yapese

Ethnic groups: nine ethnic Micronesian and Polynesian groups

Languages: English is the official and common language; most indigenous languages fall within the Austronesian language family, the exceptions are the Polynesian languages; major indigenous languages are Trukese, Pohnpeian, Yapese, and Kosrean

Religions: predominantly Christian, divided between Roman Catholic and Protestant; other churches include Assembly of God, Jehovah's Witnesses, Seventh-Day Adventist, Latter Day Saints, and the Baha'i Faith

Demographic profile
Age structure

Age structure

Dependency ratios

Median age

Population growth rate

Birth rate: 34 births/1000 population (1990)

Death rate: 5 deaths/1000 population (1990)

Net migration rate: - 2 migrants/1000 population (1990)

Population distribution

Urbanization

Major urban areas

Environment
Current issues: subject to typhoons from June to December; four major island groups totaling 607 islands

Air pollutants

Sex ratio

Mothers mean age at first birth

Maternal mortality ratio

Infant mortality rate: 26 deaths/1000 live births (1990)

Life expectancy at birth: 68 years male, 73 years female (1990)

Total fertility rate: 5.0 children born/woman (1990)

Contraceptive prevalence rate

Drinking water source

Current health expenditure

Physicians density

Hospital bed density

Sanitation facility access

Hiv/Aids

Major infectious diseases

Obesity adult prevalence rate

Alcohol consumption

Tobacco use

Children under the age of 5 years underweight

Education expenditures

Literacy: NA%, but education compulsory through eight grades

School life expectancy primary to tertiary education

Youth unemployment


Federated States of Micronesia - Government 1990
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Country name: conventional long form: Federated States of Micronesia (no short-form name)

Government type: constitutional government in free association with the US; the Compact of Free Association entered into force 3 November 1986

Capital: Kolonia (on the island of Pohnpei; note--a new capital is being built about 10 km southwest in the Palikir valley

Administrative divisions: 4 states; Kosrae, Pohnpei, Truk, Yap

Dependent areas

Independence: 3 November 1986 (from the US-administered UN Trusteeship; formerly the Kosrae, Pohnpei, Truk, and Yap districts of the Trust Territory of the Pacific Islands)

National holiday: Proclamation of the Federated States of Micronesia, 10 May (1979)

Constitution: 10 May 1979

Legal system: based on adapted Trust Territory laws, acts of the legislature, municipal, common, and customary laws

International law organization participation

Citizenship

Suffrage: universal at age 18

Executive branch: Chief of State and Head of Government--President John R. HAGLELGAM (since 11 May 1987; Vice President Hiroshi H. ISMAEL (since 11 May 1987)

Legislative branch: unicameral House of Representatives

Judicial branch: Supreme Court

Political parties and leaders

International organization participation: SPF, ESCAP (associate)

Diplomatic representation
In the us: Deputy Representative Jesse B. MAREHALAN; Representative Office at 706 G Street SE, Washington DC 20,003; telephone (202) 544-2,640; US--Representative Michael G. WYGANT; US Office at address NA, Kolonia (mailing address is P. O. Box 1286, Pohnpei, Federated States of Micronesia 96,941; telephone 691-320-2,187

Flag descriptionflag of Federated%20States%20of%20Micronesia: light blue with four white five-pointed stars centered; the stars are arranged in a diamond pattern Micronesia, Federated States of Micronesia, Federated States ofMicronesia, Federated States of

National symbols

National anthem

National heritage


Federated States of Micronesia - Economy 1990
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Economy overview: Financial assistance from the US is the primary source of revenue, with the US pledged to spend $1 billion in the islands in the 1990s. Micronesia also earns about $4 million a year in fees from foreign commercial fishing concerns. Economic activity consists primarily of subsistence farming and fishing. The islands have few mineral deposits worth exploiting, except for high-grade phosphate. The potential for a tourist industry exists, but the remoteness of the location and a lack of adequate facilities hinder development; note--GNP numbers reflect US spending.

Real gdp purchasing power parity

Real gdp growth rate

Real gdp per capita ppp

Gross national saving
Gdp composition by sector of origin

Gdp composition by end use

Gdp composition by sector of origin

Agriculture products: mainly a subsistence economy; copra, black pepper; tropical fruits and vegetables, coconuts, cassava, sweet potatoes, pigs, chickens

Industries: tourism, craft items from shell, wood, and pearl

Industrial production growth rate: NA%

Labor force: NA; two-thirds are government employees; 45,000 people are between the ages of 15 and 65
Labor force

Unemployment rate: 80%

Youth unemployment

Population below poverty line

Gini index

Household income or consumption by percentage share

Distribution of family income gini index

Budget: revenues $110.8 million; expenditures NA, including capital expenditures of NA (1987 est.)

Public debt

Taxes and other revenues

Revenue

Fiscal year: 1 October-30 September Micronesia, Federated States of Micronesia, Federated States of Micronesia, Federated States of

Current account balance

Inflation rate consumer prices

Central bank discount rate

Commercial bank prime lending rate

Stock of narrow money

Stock of broad money

Stock of domestic credit

Market value of publicly traded shares

Current account balance

Exports: $1.6 million (f.o.b., 1983)
Commodities: copra
Partners: NA

Imports: $48.9 million (c.i.f., 1983)
Commodities: NA
Partners: NA

Reserves of foreign exchange and gold

Debt external: $NA

Stock of direct foreign investment at home

Stock of direct foreign investment abroad

Exchange rates: US currency is used


Federated States of Micronesia - Energy 1990
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Electricity access

Electricity production

Electricity consumption

Electricity exports

Electricity imports

Electricity installed generating capacity

Electricity transmission distribution losses

Electricity generation sources

Petroleum

Refined petroleum

Natural gas

Carbon dioxide emissions

Energy consumption per capita


Federated States of Micronesia - Communication 1990
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Telephones fixed lines

Telephones mobile cellular

Telephone system

Broadcast media

Internet country code

Internet users

Broadband fixed subscriptions


Federated States of Micronesia - Military 1990
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Military expenditures

Military and security forces

Military service age and obligation

Terrorist groups


Federated States of Micronesia - Transportation 1990
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National air transport system

Civil aircraft registration country code prefix

Airports: 11 total, 10 usable; 7 with permanent-surface runways; 6 with runways 1,220-2,439

Airports with paved runways

Airports with unpaved runways

Heliports

Pipelines

Railways

Roadways

Waterways

Merchant marine

Ports and terminals


Federated States of Micronesia - Transnational issues 1990
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Disputes international

Refugees and internally displaced persons

Illicit drugs


The Fives Hotels


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