Statistical information Gibraltar 1990Gibraltar

Map of Gibraltar | Geography | People | Government | Economy | Energy | Communication
Military | Transportation | Transnational Issues | Year:  | More stats

Gibraltar in the World
Gibraltar in the World

Qatar Airways

Gibraltar - Introduction 1990
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Background: Strategically important Gibraltar was ceded to Great Britain by Spain in 1713. In a 1967 referendum Gibraltarians ignored Spanish pressure and voted overwhelmingly to remain a British dependency.

Gibraltar - Geography 1990
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Geographic coordinates

Map reference


Land boundaries: 1.2 km with Spain

Coastline: 12 km

Maritime claims: Continental shelf:200 meters or to depth of exploitation;

Climate: Mediterranean with mild winters and warm summers

Terrain: a narrow coastal lowland borders The Rock


Natural resources: negligible
Land use

Land use: 0% arable land; 0% permanent crops; 0% meadows and pastures; 0% forest and woodland; 100% other

Irrigated land

Major rivers

Major watersheds area km²

Total water withdrawal

Total renewable water resources

Natural hazards

Note: defense is the responsibility of the UK

Gibraltar - People 1990
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Population: 29,572 (July 1990), growth rate 0.1% (1990)

Nationality: noun--Gibraltarian; adjective--Gibraltar

Ethnic groups: mostly Italian, English, Maltese, Portuguese, and Spanish descent

Languages: English and Spanish are primary languages; Italian, Portuguese, and Russian also spoken; English used in the schools and for official purposes

Religions: 75% Roman Catholic, 8% Church of England, 2.25% Jewish

Demographic profile
Age structure

Age structure

Dependency ratios

Median age

Population growth rate

Birth rate: 18 births/1000 population (1990)

Death rate: 8 deaths/1000 population (1990)

Net migration rate: - 8 migrants/1000 population (1990)

Population distribution


Major urban areas

Current issues: natural freshwater sources are meager so large water catchments (concrete or natural rock) collect rain water

Air pollutants

Sex ratio

Mothers mean age at first birth

Maternal mortality ratio

Infant mortality rate: 6 deaths/1000 live births (1990)

Life expectancy at birth: 72 years male, 78 years female (1990)

Total fertility rate: 2.4 children born/woman (1990)

Contraceptive prevalence rate

Drinking water source

Current health expenditure

Physicians density

Hospital bed density

Sanitation facility access


Major infectious diseases

Obesity adult prevalence rate

Alcohol consumption

Tobacco use

Children under the age of 5 years underweight

Education expenditures

Literacy: 99% (est.)

School life expectancy primary to tertiary education

Youth unemployment

Gibraltar - Government 1990
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Country name: conventional long form: none

Government type: dependent territory of the UK

Capital: Gibraltar

Administrative divisions: none (colony of the UK)

Dependent areas

Independence: none (colony of the UK)

National holiday: Commonwealth Day (second Monday of March), 12 March 1990

Constitution: 30 May 1969

Legal system: English law

International law organization participation


Suffrage: universal at age 18, plus other UK subjects resident six months or more

Executive branch: Chief of State--Queen ELIZABETH II (since 6 February 1952), represented by Governor and Commander in Chief Air Chief Marshal Sir Peter TERRY (since NA 1985; Head of Government--Chief Minister Joe BOSSANO (since NA March 1988)

Legislative branch: unicameral House of Assembly

Judicial branch: Supreme Court, Court of Appeal

Political parties and leaders

International organization participation

Diplomatic representation
In the us: none (colony of the UK)

Flag descriptionflag of Gibraltar: two horizontal bands of white (top, double-width) and red with a three-towered red castle in the center of the white band; hanging from the castle gate is a gold key centered in the red band

National symbols

National anthem

National heritage

Gibraltar - Economy 1990
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Economy overview: The economy depends heavily on British defense expenditures, revenue from tourists, fees for services to shipping, and revenues from banking and finance activities. Because more than 70% of the economy is in the public sector, changes in government spending have a major impact on the level of employment. Construction workers are particularly affected when government expenditures are cut.

Real gdp purchasing power parity

Real gdp growth rate

Real gdp per capita ppp

Gross national saving
Gdp composition by sector of origin

Gdp composition by end use

Gdp composition by sector of origin

Agriculture products: NA

Industries: tourism, banking and finance, construction, commerce; support to large UK naval and air bases; transit trade and supply depot in the port; light manufacturing of tobacco, roasted coffee, ice, mineral waters, candy, beer, and canned fish

Industrial production growth rate: NA%

Labor force: about 14,800 (including non-Gibraltar laborers; UK military establishments and civil government employ nearly 50% of the labor force
Labor force

Unemployment rate: NA%

Youth unemployment

Population below poverty line

Gini index

Household income or consumption by percentage share

Distribution of family income gini index

Budget: revenues $105 million; expenditures $104 million, including capital expenditures of NA (FY87)

Public debt

Taxes and other revenues


Fiscal year: 1 July-30 June

Current account balance

Inflation rate consumer prices

Central bank discount rate

Commercial bank prime lending rate

Stock of narrow money

Stock of broad money

Stock of domestic credit

Market value of publicly traded shares

Current account balance

Exports: $62.2 million (1985)
Commodities: (principally reexports) petroleum 75%, beverages and tobacco 12%, manufactured goods 8%
Partners: UK, Morocco, Portugal, Netherlands, Spain, US, FRG

Imports: $147 million (1985)
Commodities: manufactured goods, fuels, and foodstuffs
Partners: UK, Morocco, Portugal, Netherlands, Spain, US, FRG

Reserves of foreign exchange and gold

Debt external: $NA

Stock of direct foreign investment at home

Stock of direct foreign investment abroad

Exchange rates: Gibraltar pounds (LG) per US$1--0.6055 (January 1990), 0.6099 (1989), 0.5614 (1988), 0.6102 (1987), 0.6817 (1986), 0.7714 (1985; note--the Gibraltar pound is at par with the British pound

Gibraltar - Energy 1990
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Electricity access

Electricity production

Electricity consumption

Electricity exports

Electricity imports

Electricity installed generating capacity

Electricity transmission distribution losses

Electricity generation sources


Refined petroleum

Natural gas

Carbon dioxide emissions

Energy consumption per capita

Gibraltar - Communication 1990
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Telephones fixed lines

Telephones mobile cellular

Telephone system

Broadcast media

Internet country code

Internet users

Broadband fixed subscriptions

Gibraltar - Military 1990
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Military expenditures

Military and security forces

Military service age and obligation

Terrorist groups

Gibraltar - Transportation 1990
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National air transport system

Civil aircraft registration country code prefix

Airports: 1 with permanent-surface runway 1,220-2,439 m

Airports with paved runways

Airports with unpaved runways






Merchant marine: 45 ships (1,000 GRT or over) totaling 2,126,060 GRT/4,189,948 DWT; includes 10 cargo, 2 refrigerated cargo, 1 container, 16 petroleum, oils, and lubricants (POL) tanker, 1 chemical tanker 1 combination oil/ore, 1 liquefied gas, 13 bulk; note--a flag of convenience registry

Ports and terminals

Gibraltar - Transnational issues 1990
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Disputes international: source of occasional friction between Spain and the UK

Refugees and internally displaced persons

Illicit drugs


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