Statistical information Martinique 1990Martinique

Map of Martinique | Geography | People | Government | Economy | Energy | Communication
Military | Transportation | Transnational Issues | Year:  | More stats

Martinique in the World
Martinique in the World

Thrifty Traveler

Martinique - Introduction 1990
top of page

Background: Colonized by France in 1635 the island has subsequently remained a French possession except for three brief periods of foreign occupation.

Martinique - Geography 1990
top of page


Geographic coordinates

Map reference


Land boundaries: none

Coastline: 290 km

Maritime claims
Continental shelf: 200 meters or to depth of exploitation
Extended economic zone: 200 nm
Territorial sea: 12 nm

Climate: tropical; moderated by trade winds; rainy season (June to October)

Terrain: mountainous with indented coastline; dormant volcano


Natural resources: coastal scenery and beaches, cultivable land
Land use

Land use: 10% arable land; 8% permanent crops; 30% meadows and pastures; 26% forest and woodland; 26% other; includes 5% irrigated

Irrigated land

Major rivers

Major watersheds area km²

Total water withdrawal

Total renewable water resources

Natural hazards

Note: defense is the responsibility of France

Martinique - People 1990
top of page

Population: 340,381 (July 1990), growth rate 0.9% (1990)

Nationality: noun--Martiniquais (sing. and pl.; adjective--Martiniquais

Ethnic groups: 90% African and African-Caucasian-Indian mixture, 5% Caucasian, less than 5% East Indian, Lebanese, Chinese

Languages: French, Creole patois

Religions: 95% Roman Catholic, 5% Hindu and pagan African

Demographic profile
Age structure

Age structure

Dependency ratios

Median age

Population growth rate

Birth rate: 19 births/1000 population (1990)

Death rate: 7 deaths/1000 population (1990)

Net migration rate: - 3 migrants/1000 population (1990)

Population distribution


Major urban areas

Current issues: subject to hurricanes, flooding, and volcanic activity that result in an average of one major natural disaster every five years

Air pollutants

Sex ratio

Mothers mean age at first birth

Maternal mortality ratio

Infant mortality rate: 11 deaths/1000 live births (1990)

Life expectancy at birth: 71 years male, 77 years female (1990)

Total fertility rate: 2.1 children born/woman (1990)

Contraceptive prevalence rate

Drinking water source

Current health expenditure

Physicians density

Hospital bed density

Sanitation facility access


Major infectious diseases

Obesity adult prevalence rate

Alcohol consumption

Tobacco use

Children under the age of 5 years underweight

Education expenditures

Literacy: over 70%

School life expectancy primary to tertiary education

Youth unemployment

Martinique - Government 1990
top of page

Country name: conventional long form: Department of Martinique

Government type: overseas department of France

Capital: Fort-de-France

Administrative divisions: none (overseas department of France)

Dependent areas

Independence: none (overseas department of France)

National holiday: Taking of the Bastille, 14 July (1789)

Constitution: 28 September 1958 (French Constitution)

Legal system: French legal system

International law organization participation


Suffrage: universal at age 18

Executive branch: Chief of State--President Francois MITTERRAND (since 21 May 1981; Head of Government--Government Commissioner Jean Claude ROURE (since 5 May 1989; President of the General Council Emile MAURICE (since NA 1988)

Legislative branch: unicameral General Council and unicameral Regional Council

Judicial branch: Supreme Court

Political parties and leaders

International organization participation: WFTU

Diplomatic representation
In the us: as an overseas department of France, Martiniquais interests are represented in the US by France; US--Consul General Ray ROBINSON; Consulate General at 14 Rue Blenac, Fort-de-France (mailing address is B. P. 561, Fort-de-France; telephone p596o 63-13-03

Flag descriptionflag of Martinique: the flag of France is used

National symbols

National anthem

National heritage

Martinique - Economy 1990
top of page

Economy overview: The economy is based on sugarcane, bananas, tourism, and light industry. Agriculture accounts for about 7% of GDP and the small industrial sector for 10%. Sugar production has declined, with most of the sugarcane now used for the production of rum. Banana exports are increasing, however, going mostly to France. The bulk of meat, vegetable, and grain requirements must be imported, contributing to a chronic trade deficit that requires large annual transfers of aid from France. Tourism has become more important than agricultural exports as a source of foreign exchange. The majority of the work force is employed in the service sector and in administration. In 1984 the annual per capita income was relatively high at $3,650. During 1985 the unemployment rate was between 25% and 30% and was particularly severe among younger workers.

Real gdp purchasing power parity

Real gdp growth rate

Real gdp per capita ppp

Gross national saving
Gdp composition by sector of origin

Gdp composition by end use

Gdp composition by sector of origin

Agriculture products: accounts for about 7% of GDP; principal crops--pineapples, avocados, bananas, flowers, vegetables, and sugarcane for rum; dependent on imported food, particularly meat and vegetables

Industries: construction, rum, cement, oil refining, sugar, tourism

Industrial production growth rate: NA%

Labor force:
100,000; 31.7% service industry, 29.4% construction and public works, 13.1% agriculture, 7.3%
industry, 2.2% fisheries, 16.3% other

Labor force

Unemployment rate: 25-30% (1985)

Youth unemployment

Population below poverty line

Gini index

Household income or consumption by percentage share

Distribution of family income gini index

Budget: revenues $223 million; expenditures $223 million, including capital expenditures of $NA (1987 est.)

Public debt

Taxes and other revenues


Fiscal year: calendar year

Current account balance

Inflation rate consumer prices

Central bank discount rate

Commercial bank prime lending rate

Stock of narrow money

Stock of broad money

Stock of domestic credit

Market value of publicly traded shares

Current account balance

Exports: $209 million (f.o.b., 1986)
Commodities: refined petroleum products, bananas, rum, pineapples
Partners: France 65%, Guadeloupe 26% (1986)

Imports: $879 million (c.i.f., 1986)
Commodities: petroleum products, foodstuffs, construction materials, vehicles, clothing and other consumer goods
Partners: France 64% (1986)

Reserves of foreign exchange and gold

Debt external: $NA

Stock of direct foreign investment at home

Stock of direct foreign investment abroad

Exchange rates: French francs (F) per US$1--5.7598 (January 1990), 6.3801 (1989), 5.9569 (1988), 6.0107 (1987), 6.9261 (1986), 8.9852 (1985)

Martinique - Energy 1990
top of page

Electricity access

Electricity production

Electricity consumption

Electricity exports

Electricity imports

Electricity installed generating capacity

Electricity transmission distribution losses

Electricity generation sources


Refined petroleum

Natural gas

Carbon dioxide emissions

Energy consumption per capita

Martinique - Communication 1990
top of page

Telephones fixed lines

Telephones mobile cellular

Telephone system

Broadcast media

Internet country code

Internet users

Broadband fixed subscriptions

Martinique - Military 1990
top of page

Military expenditures

Military and security forces

Military service age and obligation

Terrorist groups

Martinique - Transportation 1990
top of page

National air transport system

Civil aircraft registration country code prefix

Airports: 2 total; 2 usable; 1 with permanent-surface runways; 1 with runways 2,440-3,659 m; 1 with runways less than 2,439 m

Airports with paved runways

Airports with unpaved runways






Merchant marine

Ports and terminals

Martinique - Transnational issues 1990
top of page

Disputes international

Refugees and internally displaced persons

Illicit drugs


You found a piece of the puzzle

Please click here to complete it