Statistical information Pitcairn Islands 1990Pitcairn%20Islands

Map of Pitcairn Islands | Geography | People | Government | Economy | Energy | Communication
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Pitcairn Islands in the World
Pitcairn Islands in the World


Pitcairn Islands - Introduction 1990
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Background: Pitcairn Island was discovered in 1767 by the British and settled in 1790 by the Bounty mutineers and their Tahitian companions. Outmigration primarily to New Zealand has thinned the population from a peak of 233 in 1937 to about 50 today.

Pitcairn Islands - Geography 1990
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Geographic coordinates

Map reference


Land boundaries: none

Coastline: 51 km

Maritime claims

Climate: tropical, hot, humid, modified by southeast trade winds; rainy season (November to March)

Terrain: rugged volcanic formation; rocky coastline with cliffs


Natural resources: miro trees (used for handicrafts), fish
Land use

Land use: NA% arable land; NA% permanent crops; NA% meadows and pastures; NA% forest and woodland; NA% other

Irrigated land

Major rivers

Major watersheds area km²

Total water withdrawal

Total renewable water resources

Natural hazards

Note: defense is the responsibility of the UK

Pitcairn Islands - People 1990
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Population: 56 (July 1990), growth rate 0.0% (1990)

Nationality: noun--Pitcairn Islander(s; adjective--Pitcairn Islander

Ethnic groups: descendants of Bounty mutineers

Languages: English (official; also a Tahitian/English dialect

Religions: 100% Seventh-Day Adventist

Demographic profile
Age structure

Age structure

Dependency ratios

Median age

Population growth rate

Birth rate: NA births/1000 population (1990)

Death rate: NA deaths/1000 population (1990)

Net migration rate: NA migrants/1000 population (1990)

Population distribution


Major urban areas

Current issues: subject to typhoons (especially November to March)

Air pollutants

Sex ratio

Mothers mean age at first birth

Maternal mortality ratio

Infant mortality rate: NA deaths/1000 live births (1990)

Life expectancy at birth: NA years male, NA years female (1990)

Total fertility rate: NA children born/woman (1990)

Contraceptive prevalence rate

Drinking water source

Current health expenditure

Physicians density

Hospital bed density

Sanitation facility access


Major infectious diseases

Obesity adult prevalence rate

Alcohol consumption

Tobacco use

Children under the age of 5 years underweight

Education expenditures

Literacy: NA%, but probably high

School life expectancy primary to tertiary education

Youth unemployment

Pitcairn Islands - Government 1990
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Country name: conventional long form: Pitcairn, Henderson, Ducie, and Oeno Islands

Government type: dependent territory of the UK

Capital: Adamstown

Administrative divisions: none (dependent territory of the UK)

Dependent areas

Independence: none (dependent territory of the UK)

National holiday: Celebration of the Birthday of the Queen (second Saturday in June), 10 June 1989

Constitution: Local Government Ordinance of 1964

Legal system: local island by-laws

International law organization participation


Suffrage: universal at age 18 with three years residency

Executive branch: Chief of State--Queen ELIZABETH II (since 6 February 1952), represented by the Governor and UK High Commissioner to New Zealand Robin A. C. BYATT (since NA 1988; Head of Government--Island Magistrate and Chairman of the Island Council Brian YOUNG (since NA 1985)

Legislative branch: unicameral Island Council

Judicial branch: Island Court

Political parties and leaders

International organization participation

Diplomatic representation
In the us: none (dependent territory of the UK)

Flag descriptionflag of Pitcairn%20Islands: blue with the flag of the UK in the upper hoist-side quadrant and the Pitcairn Islander coat of arms centered on the outer half of the flag; the coat of arms is yellow, green, and light blue with a shield featuring a yellow anchor

National symbols

National anthem

National heritage

Pitcairn Islands - Economy 1990
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Economy overview: The inhabitants exist on fishing and subsistence farming. The fertile soil of the valleys produces a wide variety of fruits and vegetables, including citrus, sugarcane, watermelons, bananas, yams, and beans. Bartering is an important part of the economy. The major sources of revenue are the sale of postage stamps to collectors and the sale of handicrafts to passing ships.

Real gdp purchasing power parity

Real gdp growth rate

Real gdp per capita ppp

Gross national saving
Gdp composition by sector of origin

Gdp composition by end use

Gdp composition by sector of origin

Agriculture products: based on subsistence fishing and farming; wide variety of fruits and vegetables grown; must import grain products

Industries: postage stamp sales, handicrafts

Industrial production growth rate: NA%

Labor force: NA; no business community in the usual sense; some public works; subsistence farming and fishing
Labor force

Unemployment rate: NA%

Youth unemployment

Population below poverty line

Gini index

Household income or consumption by percentage share

Distribution of family income gini index

Budget: revenues $430,440; expenditures $429,983, including capital expenditures of $NA (FY87 est.)

Public debt

Taxes and other revenues


Fiscal year: 1 April-31 March

Current account balance

Inflation rate consumer prices

Central bank discount rate

Commercial bank prime lending rate

Stock of narrow money

Stock of broad money

Stock of domestic credit

Market value of publicly traded shares

Current account balance

Exports: $NA
Commodities: fruits, vegetables, curios
Partners: NA

Imports: $NA
Commodities: fuel oil, machinery, building materials, flour, sugar, other foodstuffs
Partners: NA

Reserves of foreign exchange and gold

Debt external: $NA

Stock of direct foreign investment at home

Stock of direct foreign investment abroad

Exchange rates: New Zealand dollars (NZ$) per US$1--1.6581 (January 1990), 1.6708 (1989), 1.5244 (1988), 1.6866 (1987), 1.9088 (1986), 2.0064 (1985)

Pitcairn Islands - Energy 1990
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Electricity access

Electricity production

Electricity consumption

Electricity exports

Electricity imports

Electricity installed generating capacity

Electricity transmission distribution losses

Electricity generation sources


Refined petroleum

Natural gas

Carbon dioxide emissions

Energy consumption per capita

Pitcairn Islands - Communication 1990
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Telephones fixed lines

Telephones mobile cellular

Telephone system

Broadcast media

Internet country code

Internet users

Broadband fixed subscriptions

Pitcairn Islands - Military 1990
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Military expenditures

Military and security forces

Military service age and obligation

Terrorist groups

Pitcairn Islands - Transportation 1990
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National air transport system

Civil aircraft registration country code prefix

Airports: none

Airports with paved runways

Airports with unpaved runways






Merchant marine

Ports and terminals

Pitcairn Islands - Transnational issues 1990
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Disputes international

Refugees and internally displaced persons

Illicit drugs


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