Statistical information Saint-Pierre and Miquelon 1990Saint-Pierre%20and%20Miquelon

Map of Saint-Pierre and Miquelon | Geography | People | Government | Economy | Energy | Communication
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Saint-Pierre and Miquelon in the World
Saint-Pierre and Miquelon in the World

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Saint-Pierre and Miquelon - Introduction 1990
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Background: First settled by the French in the early 17th century the islands represent the sole remaining vestige of France's once vast North American possessions.

Saint-Pierre and Miquelon - Geography 1990
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Geographic coordinates

Map reference


Land boundaries: none

Coastline: 120 km

Maritime claims: Contiguous zone:12 nm; Continental shelf:200 meters or to depth of exploitation; Extended economic zone:200 nm; Territorial sea:12 nm

Climate: cold and wet, with much mist and fog; spring and autumn are windy

Terrain: mostly barren rock


Natural resources: fish, deepwater ports
Land use

Land use: 13% arable land; 0% permanent crops; 0% meadows and pastures; 4% forest and woodland; 83% other

Irrigated land

Major rivers

Major watersheds area km²

Total water withdrawal

Total renewable water resources

Natural hazards

Note: defense is the responsibility of France St. Pierre and Miquelon St. Pierre and Miquelon St. Pierre and Miquelon

Saint-Pierre and Miquelon - People 1990
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Population: 6,330 (July 1990), growth rate 0.4% (1990)

Nationality: noun--Frenchman(men), Frenchwoman(women); adjective--French

Ethnic groups: originally Basques and Bretons (French fishermen)

Languages: French

Religions: 98% Roman Catholic

Demographic profile
Age structure

Age structure

Dependency ratios

Median age

Population growth rate

Birth rate: 17 births/1000 population (1990)

Death rate: 7 deaths/1000 population (1990)

Net migration rate: - 6 migrants/1000 population (1990)

Population distribution


Major urban areas

Current issues: vegetation scanty

Air pollutants

Sex ratio

Mothers mean age at first birth

Maternal mortality ratio

Infant mortality rate: 9 deaths/1000 live births (1990)

Life expectancy at birth: 72 years male, 79 years female (1990)

Total fertility rate: 2.2 children born/woman (1990)

Contraceptive prevalence rate

Drinking water source

Current health expenditure

Physicians density

Hospital bed density

Sanitation facility access


Major infectious diseases

Obesity adult prevalence rate

Alcohol consumption

Tobacco use

Children under the age of 5 years underweight

Education expenditures

Literacy: NA%, but compulsory education between 6 and 16 years of age

School life expectancy primary to tertiary education

Youth unemployment

Saint-Pierre and Miquelon - Government 1990
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Country name: conventional long form: Territorial Collectivity of Saint Pierre and Miquelon

Government type: territorial collectivity of France

Capital: St. Pierre

Administrative divisions: none (territorial collectivity of France)

Dependent areas

Independence: none (territorial collectivity of France)

National holiday: National Day, 14 July

Constitution: 28 September 1958 (French Constitution)

Legal system: French law

International law organization participation


Suffrage: universal at age 18

Executive branch: Chief of State--President Francois MITTERRAND (since 21 May 1981); Head of Government--Commissioner of the Republic Jean-Pierre MARQUIE (since February 1989); President of the General Council Marc PLANTEGENEST (since NA)

Legislative branch: unicameral General Council

Judicial branch: Superior Tribunal of Appeals (Tribunal Superieur d'Appel)

Political parties and leaders

International organization participation

Diplomatic representation
In the us: as a territorial collectivity of France, local interests are represented in the US by France

Flag descriptionflag of Saint-Pierre%20and%20Miquelon: the flag of France is used St. Pierre and Miquelon St. Pierre and MiquelonSt. Pierre and Miquelon

National symbols

National anthem

National heritage

Saint-Pierre and Miquelon - Economy 1990
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Economy overview: The inhabitants have traditionally earned their livelihood by fishing and by servicing fishing fleets operating off the coast of Newfoundland. The economy has been declining, however, because the number of ships stopping at St. Pierre has steadily dropped over the years. In March 1989, an agreement between France and Canada set fish quotas for St. Pierre's trawlers fishing in Canadian and Canadian-claimed waters for three years. The agreement settles a longstanding dispute that had virtually brought fish exports to a halt. The islands are heavily subsidized by France. Imports come primarily from Canada.

Real gdp purchasing power parity

Real gdp growth rate

Real gdp per capita ppp

Gross national saving
Gdp composition by sector of origin

Gdp composition by end use

Gdp composition by sector of origin

Agriculture products: vegetables, cattle, sheep and pigs for local consumption; fish catch, 14,750 metric tons (1986)

Industries: fishing and supply base for fishing fleets; tourism

Industrial production growth rate: NA%

Labor force: 2,510 (1982)
Labor force

Unemployment rate: 13.3% (1987)

Youth unemployment

Population below poverty line

Gini index

Household income or consumption by percentage share

Distribution of family income gini index

Budget: revenues $N/A million; expenditures $13.9 million, including capital expenditures of $N/A (1988)

Public debt

Taxes and other revenues


Fiscal year: calendar year St. Pierre and Miquelon St. Pierre and Miquelon St. Pierre and Miquelon

Current account balance

Inflation rate consumer prices

Central bank discount rate

Commercial bank prime lending rate

Stock of narrow money

Stock of broad money

Stock of domestic credit

Market value of publicly traded shares

Current account balance

Exports: $23.3 million (f.o.b., 1986)
Commodities: fish and fish products, fox and mink pelts
Partners: US 58%, France 17%, UK 11%, Canada, Portugal

Imports: $50.3 million (c.i.f., 1986)
Commodities: meat, clothing, fuel, electrical equipment, machinery, building materials
Partners: Canada, France, US, Netherlands, UK

Reserves of foreign exchange and gold

Debt external: $N/A

Stock of direct foreign investment at home

Stock of direct foreign investment abroad

Exchange rates: French francs (F) per US$1--5.7598 (January 1990), 6.3801 (1989), 5.9569 (1988), 6.0107 (1987), 6.9261 (1986), 8.9852 (1985)

Saint-Pierre and Miquelon - Energy 1990
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Electricity access

Electricity production

Electricity consumption

Electricity exports

Electricity imports

Electricity installed generating capacity

Electricity transmission distribution losses

Electricity generation sources


Refined petroleum

Natural gas

Carbon dioxide emissions

Energy consumption per capita

Saint-Pierre and Miquelon - Communication 1990
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Telephones fixed lines

Telephones mobile cellular

Telephone system

Broadcast media

Internet country code

Internet users

Broadband fixed subscriptions

Saint-Pierre and Miquelon - Military 1990
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Military expenditures

Military and security forces

Military service age and obligation

Terrorist groups

Saint-Pierre and Miquelon - Transportation 1990
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National air transport system

Civil aircraft registration country code prefix

Airports: 2 total, 2 usable; 2 with permanent-surface runways, none with runways over 2,439 m; 1 with runway 1,220-2,439 m

Airports with paved runways

Airports with unpaved runways






Merchant marine

Ports and terminals

Saint-Pierre and Miquelon - Transnational issues 1990
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Disputes international: focus of maritime boundary dispute between Canada and France

Refugees and internally displaced persons

Illicit drugs

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