Statistical information Sierra Leone 1990Sierra%20Leone

Map of Sierra Leone | Geography | People | Government | Economy | Energy | Communication
Military | Transportation | Transnational Issues | Year:  | More stats

Sierra Leone in the World
Sierra Leone in the World



Sierra Leone - Geography 1990
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Geographic coordinates

Map reference


Land boundaries: 958 km total; Guinea 652 km, Liberia 306 km

Coastline: 402 km

Maritime claims: Territorial sea:200 nm

Climate: tropical; hot, humid; summer rainy season (May to December; winter dry season (December to April)

Terrain: coastal belt of mangrove swamps, wooded hill country, upland plateau, mountains in east


Natural resources: diamonds, titanium ore, bauxite, iron ore, gold, chromite
Land use

Land use: 25% arable land; 2% permanent crops; 31% meadows and pastures; 29% forest and woodland; 13% other; includes NEGL% irrigated

Irrigated land

Major rivers

Major watersheds area km²

Total water withdrawal

Total renewable water resources

Natural hazards


Sierra Leone - People 1990
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Population: 4,165,953 (July 1990), growth rate 2.6% (1990)

Nationality: noun--Sierra Leonean(s; adjective--Sierra Leonean

Ethnic groups: 99% native African (30% Temne, 30% Mende; 1% Creole, European, Lebanese, and Asian; 13 tribes

Languages: English (official; regular use limited to literate minority; principal vernaculars are Mende in south and Temne in north; Krio is the language of the resettled ex-slave population of the Freetown area and is lingua franca

Religions: 30% Muslim, 30% indigenous beliefs, 10% Christian, 30% other or none

Demographic profile
Age structure

Age structure

Dependency ratios

Median age

Population growth rate

Birth rate: 47 births/1000 population (1990)

Death rate: 21 deaths/1000 population (1990)

Net migration rate: 0 migrants/1000 population (1990)

Population distribution


Major urban areas

Current issues: extensive mangrove swamps hinder access to sea; deforestation; soil degradation

Air pollutants

Sex ratio

Mothers mean age at first birth

Maternal mortality ratio

Infant mortality rate: 154 deaths/1000 live births (1990)

Life expectancy at birth: 42 years male, 47 years female (1990)

Total fertility rate: 6.2 children born/woman (1990)

Contraceptive prevalence rate

Drinking water source

Current health expenditure

Physicians density

Hospital bed density

Sanitation facility access


Major infectious diseases

Obesity adult prevalence rate

Alcohol consumption

Tobacco use

Children under the age of 5 years underweight

Education expenditures

Literacy: 31% (1986)

School life expectancy primary to tertiary education

Youth unemployment

Sierra Leone - Government 1990
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Country name: conventional long form: Republic of Sierra Leone

Government type: republic under presidential regime

Capital: Freetown

Administrative divisions: 4 provinces; Eastern, Northern, Southern, Western

Dependent areas

Independence: 27 April 1961 (from UK)

National holiday: Republic Day, 27 April (1961)

Constitution: 14 June 1978

Legal system: based on English law and customary laws indigenous to local tribes; has not accepted compulsory ICJ jurisdiction

International law organization participation


Suffrage: universal at age 21

Executive branch: Chief of State and Head of Government--President Gen. Joseph Saidu MOMOH (since 28 November 1985; First Vice President Abu Bakar KAMARA (since 4 April 1987; Second Vice President Salia JUSU-SHERIFF (since 4 April 1987)

Legislative branch: Army, Navy

Judicial branch: Supreme Court

Political parties and leaders

International organization participation: ACP, AfDB, Commonwealth, ECA, ECOWAS, FAO, G-77, GATT, IAEA, IBA, IBRD, ICAO, ICO, IDA, IDB--Islamic Development Bank, IFAD, IFC, ILO, IMF, IMO, INTERPOL, IPU, IRC, ITU, Mano River Union, NAM, OAU, OIC, UN, UNESCO, UPU, WHO, WMO, WTO

Diplomatic representation
In the us: Ambassador George CAREW; Chancery at 1701 19th Street NW, Washington DC 20,009; telephone (202) 939-9,261; US--Ambassador Johnny YOUNG; Embassy at the corner of Walpole and Siaka Stevens Street, Freetown; telephone 26,481

Flag descriptionflag of Sierra%20Leone: three equal horizontal bands of light green (top), white, and light blue

National symbols

National anthem

National heritage

Sierra Leone - Economy 1990
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Economy overview: The economic and social infrastructure is not well developed. Subsistence agriculture dominates the economy, generating about one-third of GDP and employing about two-thirds of the working population. Manufacturing accounts for less than 10% of GDP, consisting mainly of the processing of raw materials and of light manufacturing for the domestic market. Diamond mining provides an important source of hard currency. The economy suffers from high unemployment, rising inflation, large trade deficits, and a growing dependency on foreign assistance.

Real gdp purchasing power parity

Real gdp growth rate

Real gdp per capita ppp

Gross national saving
Gdp composition by sector of origin

Gdp composition by end use

Gdp composition by sector of origin

Agriculture products: accounts for over 30% of GDP and two-thirds of the labor force; largely subsistence farming; cash crops--coffee, cocoa, palm kernels; harvests of food staple rice meets 80% of domestic needs; annual fish catch averages 53,000 metric tons

Industries: mining (diamonds, bauxite, rutile), small-scale manufacturing (beverages, textiles, cigarettes, footwear), petroleum refinery

Industrial production growth rate: - 19% (FY88 est.)

Labor force:
1,369,000 (est.), 65% agriculture, 19%
industry, 16%
services (1981; only about 65,000 earn wages (1985; 55% of population of working age

Labor force

Unemployment rate: NA%

Youth unemployment

Population below poverty line

Gini index

Household income or consumption by percentage share

Distribution of family income gini index

Budget: revenues $86 million; expenditures $128 million, including capital expenditures of $NA (FY90 est.)

Public debt

Taxes and other revenues


Fiscal year: 1 July-30 June

Current account balance

Inflation rate consumer prices

Central bank discount rate

Commercial bank prime lending rate

Stock of narrow money

Stock of broad money

Stock of domestic credit

Market value of publicly traded shares

Current account balance

Exports: $106 million (f.o.b., 1988)
Commodities: rutile 50%, bauxite 17%, cocoa 11%, diamonds 3%, coffee 3%
Partners: US, UK, Belgium, FRG, other Western Europe

Imports: $167 million (c.i.f., 1988)
Commodities: capital goods 40%, food 32%, petroleum 12%, consumer goods 7%, light industrial goods
Partners: US, EC, Japan, China, Nigeria

Reserves of foreign exchange and gold

Debt external: $805 million (1989 est.)

Stock of direct foreign investment at home

Stock of direct foreign investment abroad

Exchange rates: leones per US$1--87.7193 (January 1990), 58.1395 (1989), 31.2500 (1988), 30.7692 (1987), 8.3963 (1986), 4.7304 (1985)

Sierra Leone - Energy 1990
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Electricity access

Electricity production

Electricity consumption

Electricity exports

Electricity imports

Electricity installed generating capacity

Electricity transmission distribution losses

Electricity generation sources


Refined petroleum

Natural gas

Carbon dioxide emissions

Energy consumption per capita

Sierra Leone - Communication 1990
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Telephones fixed lines

Telephones mobile cellular

Telephone system

Broadcast media

Internet country code

Internet users

Broadband fixed subscriptions

Sierra Leone - Military 1990
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Military expenditures
Percent of gdp: 1% of GDP (1986)

Military and security forces

Military service age and obligation

Terrorist groups

Sierra Leone - Transportation 1990
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National air transport system

Civil aircraft registration country code prefix

Airports: 12 total, 8 usable; 5 with permanent-surface runways; none with runways over 3,659 m; 1 with runways 2,440-3,659 m; 3 with runways 1,220-2,439 m

Airports with paved runways

Airports with unpaved runways





Waterways: 800 km; 600 km navigable year round

Merchant marine

Ports and terminals

Sierra Leone - Transnational issues 1990
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Disputes international

Refugees and internally displaced persons

Illicit drugs

World Nomads

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