Statistical information Uganda 1990Uganda

Map of Uganda | Geography | People | Government | Economy | Energy | Communication
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Uganda in the World
Uganda in the World

The Fives Hotels

Uganda - Introduction 1990
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Background: Uganda achieved independence from the UK in 1962. The dictatorial regime of Idi AMIN (1971-79) was responsible for the deaths of some 300,000 opponents; guerrilla war and human rights abuses under Milton OBOTE (1980-85) claimed another 100,000 lives.

Uganda - Geography 1990
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Geographic coordinates

Map reference


Land boundaries: 2,698 km total; Kenya 933 km, Rwanda 169 km, Sudan 435 km, Tanzania 396 km, Democratic Republic of the Congo 765 km

Coastline: none--landlocked

Maritime claims: none--landlocked

Climate: tropical; generally rainy with two dry seasons (December to February, June to August; semiarid in northeast

Terrain: mostly plateau with rim of mountains


Natural resources: copper, cobalt, limestone, salt
Land use

Land use: 23% arable land; 9% permanent crops; 25% meadows and pastures; 30% forest and woodland; 13% other; includes NEGL% irrigated

Irrigated land

Major rivers

Major watersheds area km²

Total water withdrawal

Total renewable water resources

Natural hazards

Note: landlocked

Uganda - People 1990
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Population: 17,960,262 (July 1990), growth rate 3.5% (1990)

Nationality: noun--Ugandan(s; adjective--Ugandan

Ethnic groups: 99% African, 1% European, Asian, Arab

Languages: English (official; Luganda and Swahili widely used; other Bantu and Nilotic languages

Religions: 33% Roman Catholic, 33% Protestant, 16% Muslim, rest indigenous beliefs

Demographic profile
Age structure

Age structure

Dependency ratios

Median age

Population growth rate

Birth rate: 52 births/1000 population (1990)

Death rate: 17 deaths/1000 population (1990)

Net migration rate: 0 migrants/1000 population (1990)

Population distribution


Major urban areas

Current issues: straddles Equator; deforestation; overgrazing; soil erosion

Air pollutants

Sex ratio

Mothers mean age at first birth

Maternal mortality ratio

Infant mortality rate: 107 deaths/1000 live births (1990)

Life expectancy at birth: 48 years male, 50 years female (1990)

Total fertility rate: 7.4 children born/woman (1990)

Contraceptive prevalence rate

Drinking water source

Current health expenditure

Physicians density

Hospital bed density

Sanitation facility access


Major infectious diseases

Obesity adult prevalence rate

Alcohol consumption

Tobacco use

Children under the age of 5 years underweight

Education expenditures

Literacy: 57.3%

School life expectancy primary to tertiary education

Youth unemployment

Uganda - Government 1990
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Country name: conventional long form: Republic of Uganda

Government type: republic

Capital: Kampala

Administrative divisions: 10 provinces; Busoga, Central, Eastern, Karamoja, Nile, North Buganda, Northern, South Buganda, Southern, Western

Dependent areas

Independence: 9 October 1962 (from UK)

National holiday: Independence Day, 9 October (1962)

Constitution: 8 September 1967, suspended following coup of 27 July 1985; in process of constitutional revision

Legal system: government plans to restore system based on English common law and customary law and reinstitute a normal judicial system; accepts compulsory ICJ jurisdiction, with reservations

International law organization participation


Suffrage: universal at age 18

Executive branch: Chief of State--President Lt. Gen. Yoweri Kaguta MUSEVENI (since 29 January 1986; Head of Government--Prime Minister Samson Babi Mululu KISEKKA (since 30 January 1986; First Deputy Prime Minister Eriya KATEGAYA (since NA)

Legislative branch: National Resistance Army (NRA)

Judicial branch: Court of Appeal, High Court

Political parties and leaders

International organization participation: ACP, AfDB, CCC, Commonwealth, FAO, G-77, GATT, IAEA, IBRD, ICAC, ICAO, ICO, IDA, IDB--Islamic Development Bank, IFAD, IFC, ILO, IMF, INTELSAT, INTERPOL, ISO, ITU, NAM, OAU, OIC, UN, UNESCO, UPU, WHO, WIPO, WMO, WTO

Diplomatic representation
In the us: Ambassador Stephen Kapimpina KATENTA-APULI; 5,909 16th Street NW, Washington DC 20,011; telephone (202) 726-7,100 through 7,102; US--Ambassador John A. BURROUGHS, Jr.; Embassy at British High Commission Building, Obote Avenue, Kampala (mailing address is P. O. Box 7,007, Kampala; telephone p256o (41) 259,791

Flag descriptionflag of Uganda: six equal horizonal bands of black (top), yellow, red, black, yellow, and red; a white disk is superimposed at the center and depicts a red-crested crane (the national symbol) facing the staff side

National symbols

National anthem

National heritage

Uganda - Economy 1990
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Economy overview: Uganda has substantial natural resources, including fertile soils, regular rainfall, and sizable mineral deposits of copper and cobalt. For most of the past 15 years the economy has been devastated by political instability, mismanagement, and civil war, keeping Uganda poor with a per capita income of about $300. (GDP remains below the levels of the early 1970s, as does industrial production.) Agriculture is the most important sector of the economy, employing over 80% of the work force. Coffee is the major export crop and accounted for 97% of export revenues in 1988. Since 1986 the government has acted to rehabilitate and stabilize the economy by undertaking currency reform, raising producer prices on export crops, increasing petroleum prices, and improving civil service wages. The policy changes are especially aimed at dampening inflation, which was running at over 300% in 1987, and boosting production and export earnings.

Real gdp purchasing power parity

Real gdp growth rate

Real gdp per capita ppp

Gross national saving
Gdp composition by sector of origin

Gdp composition by end use

Gdp composition by sector of origin

Agriculture products: accounts for 57% of GDP and 83% of labor force; cash crops--coffee, tea, cotton, tobacco; food crops--cassava, potatoes, corn, millet, pulses; livestock products--beef, goat meat, milk, poultry; self-sufficient in food

Industries: sugar, brewing, tobacco, cotton textiles, cement

Industrial production growth rate: 25.1% (1988)

Labor force: 4,500,000 (est.), 94% subsistence activities, 6% wage earners (est.), 50% of population of working age (1983)
Labor force

Unemployment rate: NA%

Youth unemployment

Population below poverty line

Gini index

Household income or consumption by percentage share

Distribution of family income gini index

Budget: revenues $365 million; expenditures $545 million, including capital expenditures of $165 million (FY89 est.)

Public debt

Taxes and other revenues


Fiscal year: 1 July-30 June

Current account balance

Inflation rate consumer prices

Central bank discount rate

Commercial bank prime lending rate

Stock of narrow money

Stock of broad money

Stock of domestic credit

Market value of publicly traded shares

Current account balance

Exports: $272 million (f.o.b., 1988)
Commodities: coffee 97%, cotton, tea
Partners: US 25%, UK 18%, France 11%, Spain 10%

Imports: $626 million (c.i.f., 1988)
Commodities: petroleum products, machinery, cotton piece goods, metals, transportation equipment, food
Partners: Kenya 25%, UK 14%, Italy 13%

Reserves of foreign exchange and gold

Debt external: $1.4 billion (1989 est.)

Stock of direct foreign investment at home

Stock of direct foreign investment abroad

Exchange rates: Ugandan shillings (USh) per US$1--370 (December 1989), 223.09 (1989), 106.14 (1988), 42.84 (1987), 14.00 (1986), 6.72 (1985)

Uganda - Energy 1990
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Electricity access

Electricity production

Electricity consumption

Electricity exports

Electricity imports

Electricity installed generating capacity

Electricity transmission distribution losses

Electricity generation sources


Refined petroleum

Natural gas

Carbon dioxide emissions

Energy consumption per capita

Uganda - Communication 1990
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Telephones fixed lines

Telephones mobile cellular

Telephone system

Broadcast media

Internet country code

Internet users

Broadband fixed subscriptions

Uganda - Military 1990
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Military expenditures
Percent of gdp: 1.4% of GDP (1985)

Military and security forces

Military service age and obligation

Terrorist groups

Uganda - Transportation 1990
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National air transport system

Civil aircraft registration country code prefix

Airports: 39 total, 30 usable; 5 with permanent-surface runways; 1 with runways over 3,659 m; 3 with runways 2,440-3,659 m; 10 with runways 1,220-2,439 m

Airports with paved runways

Airports with unpaved runways





Waterways: Lake Victoria, Lake Albert, Lake Kyoga, Lake George, Lake Edward; Victoria Nile, Albert Nile; principal inland water ports are at Jinja and Port Bell, both on Lake Victoria

Merchant marine: 1 roll-on/roll-off cargo (1,000 GRT or over) totaling 1,697 GRT

Ports and terminals

Uganda - Transnational issues 1990
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Disputes international

Refugees and internally displaced persons

Illicit drugs

Iberostar Hotels

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