Statistical information United Arab Emirates 1990United%20Arab%20Emirates

Map of United Arab Emirates | Geography | People | Government | Economy | Energy | Communication
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United Arab Emirates in the World
United Arab Emirates in the World


United Arab Emirates - Introduction 1990
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Background: The Trucial States of the Persian Gulf coast granted the UK control of their defense and foreign affairs in 19th century treaties. In 1971 six of these states - Abu Zaby 'Ajman Al Fujayrah Ash Shariqah Dubayy and Umm al Qaywayn - merged to form the United Arab Emirates (UAE). They were joined in 1972 by Ra's al Khaymah. The UAE's per capita GDP is on par with those of leading West European nations. Its generosity with oil revenues and its moderate foreign policy stance have allowed the UAE to play a vital role in the affairs of the region.

United Arab Emirates - Geography 1990
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Geographic coordinates

Map reference


Land boundaries: 1,016 km total; Oman 410 km, Saudi Arabia 586 km, Qatar 20 km

Coastline: 1,448 km

Maritime claims
Continental shelf: defined by bilateral boundaries or equidistant line
Extended economic zone: 200 nm
Territorial sea: 3 nm

Climate: desert; cooler in eastern mountains

Terrain: flat, barren coastal plain merging into rolling sand dunes of vast desert wasteland; mountains in east


Natural resources: crude oil and natural gas
Land use

Land use: NEGL% arable land; NEGL% permanent crops; 2% meadows and pastures; NEGL% forest and woodland; 98% other; includes NEGL% irrigated

Irrigated land

Major rivers

Major watersheds area km²

Total water withdrawal

Total renewable water resources

Natural hazards

Note: strategic location along southern approaches to Strait of Hormuz, a vital transit point for world crude oil

United Arab Emirates - People 1990
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Population: 2,253,624 (July 1990), growth rate 6.0% (1990)

Nationality: noun--Emirian(s), adjective--Emirian

Ethnic groups: 19% Emirian, 23% other Arab, 50% South Asian (fluctuating), 8% other expatriates (includes Westerners and East Asians; less than 20% of the population are UAE citizens (1982)

Languages: Arabic (official; Farsi and English widely spoken in major cities; Hindi, Urdu

Religions: 96% Muslim (16% Shia; 4% Christian, Hindu, and other

Demographic profile
Age structure

Age structure

Dependency ratios

Median age

Population growth rate

Birth rate: 31 births/1000 population (1990)

Death rate: 3 deaths/1000 population (1990)

Net migration rate: 33 migrants/1000 population (1990)

Population distribution


Major urban areas

Current issues: frequent dust and sand storms; lack of natural freshwater resources being overcome by desalination plants; desertification

Air pollutants

Sex ratio

Mothers mean age at first birth

Maternal mortality ratio

Infant mortality rate: 24 deaths/1000 live births (1990)

Life expectancy at birth: 69 years male, 73 years female (1990)

Total fertility rate: 4.9 children born/woman (1990)

Contraceptive prevalence rate

Drinking water source

Current health expenditure

Physicians density

Hospital bed density

Sanitation facility access


Major infectious diseases

Obesity adult prevalence rate

Alcohol consumption

Tobacco use

Children under the age of 5 years underweight

Education expenditures

Literacy: 68%

School life expectancy primary to tertiary education

Youth unemployment

United Arab Emirates - Government 1990
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Country name: conventional long form: United Arab Emirates (no short-form name; abbreviated UAE

Government type: federation with specified powers delegated to the UAE central government and other powers reserved to member shaykhdoms

Capital: Abu Dhabi

Administrative divisions: 7 emirates (imarat, singular--imarah; Abu Zaby, Ajman, Al Fujayrah, Ash Shariqah, Dubayy, Ras al Khaymah, Umm al Qaywayn

Dependent areas

Independence: 2 December 1971 (from UK; formerly Trucial States)

National holiday: National Day, 2 December (1971)

Constitution: 2 December 1971 (provisional)

Legal system: secular codes are being introduced by the UAE Government and in several member shaykhdoms; Islamic law remains influential

International law organization participation


Suffrage: none

Executive branch: Chief of State--President Shaykh Zayid bin Sultan Al NUHAYYAN of Abu Dhabi (since 2 December 1971; Vice President Shaykh Rashid bin Said Al MAKTUM of Dubayy (since 2 December 1971; Head of Government--Prime Minister Shaykh Rashid bin Said Al MAKTUM of Dubayy (Prime Minister since 30 April 1979; Deputy Prime Minister Maktum bin Rashid al MAKTUM (since 2 December 1971)

Legislative branch: Army, Navy, Air Force, Central Military Command, Federal Police Force

Judicial branch: Union Supreme Court

Political parties and leaders

International organization participation: Arab League, CCC, FAO, G-77, GATT (de facto), GCC, IAEA, IBRD, ICAO, IDA, IDB--Islamic Development Bank, IFAD, IFC, ILO, IMF, IMO, INTELSAT, INTERPOL, ITU, NAM, OAPEC, OIC, OPEC, UN, UNESCO, UPU, WHO, WIPO, WTO

Diplomatic representation
In the us: Ambassador Abdullah bin Zayed AL-NAHAYYAN; Chancery at Suite 740, 600 New Hampshire Avenue NW, Washington DC 20,037; telephone (202) 338-6,500; US--Ambassador Edward S. WALKER, Jr.; Embassy at Al-Sudan Street, Abu Dhabi (mailing address is P. O. Box 4,009, Abu Dhabi; telephone p971o (2) 336,691; there is a US Consulate General in Dubai

Flag descriptionflag of United%20Arab%20Emirates: three equal horizontal bands of green (top), white, and black with a thicker vertical red band on the hoist side

National symbols

National anthem

National heritage

United Arab Emirates - Economy 1990
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Economy overview: The UAE has an open economy with one of the world's higher levels of income per capita. This wealth is based on oil and gas, and the fortunes of the economy fluctuate with the prices of those commodities. Since 1973, when petroleum prices shot up, the UAE has undergone a profound transformation from an impoverished region of small desert principalities to a modern state with a high standard of living. At present levels of production, crude oil reserves should last for over 100 years.

Real gdp purchasing power parity

Real gdp growth rate

Real gdp per capita ppp

Gross national saving
Gdp composition by sector of origin

Gdp composition by end use

Gdp composition by sector of origin

Agriculture products: accounts for 1% of GNP and 5% of labor force; cash crop--dates; food products--vegetables, watermelons, poultry, eggs, dairy, fish; only 25% self-sufficient in food

Industries: petroleum, fishing, petrochemicals, construction materials, some boat building, handicrafts, pearling

Industrial production growth rate: - 9.3% (1986)

Labor force:
580,000 (1986 est.), 85%
industry and commerce, 5% agriculture, 5%
services, 5% government; 80% of labor force is foreign

Labor force

Unemployment rate: NEGL (1988)

Youth unemployment

Population below poverty line

Gini index

Household income or consumption by percentage share

Distribution of family income gini index

Budget: revenues $3.5 billion; expenditures $4.0 billion, including capital expenditures of $NA (1989 est.)

Public debt

Taxes and other revenues


Fiscal year: calendar year

Current account balance

Inflation rate consumer prices

Central bank discount rate

Commercial bank prime lending rate

Stock of narrow money

Stock of broad money

Stock of domestic credit

Market value of publicly traded shares

Current account balance

Exports: $10.6 billion (f.o.b., 1988 est.)
Commodities: crude oil 75%, natural gas, reexports, dried fish, dates
Partners: US, EC, Japan

Imports: $8.5 billion (c.i.f., 1988 est.)
Commodities: food, consumer and capital goods
Partners: EC, Japan, US

Reserves of foreign exchange and gold

Debt external: $11.0 billion (December 1989 est.)

Stock of direct foreign investment at home

Stock of direct foreign investment abroad

Exchange rates: Emirian dirhams (Dh) per US$1--3.6710 (fixed rate)

United Arab Emirates - Energy 1990
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Electricity access

Electricity production

Electricity consumption

Electricity exports

Electricity imports

Electricity installed generating capacity

Electricity transmission distribution losses

Electricity generation sources


Refined petroleum

Natural gas

Carbon dioxide emissions

Energy consumption per capita

United Arab Emirates - Communication 1990
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Telephones fixed lines

Telephones mobile cellular

Telephone system

Broadcast media

Internet country code

Internet users

Broadband fixed subscriptions

United Arab Emirates - Military 1990
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Military expenditures
Percent of gdp: $1.59 billion (1987)

Military and security forces

Military service age and obligation

Terrorist groups

United Arab Emirates - Transportation 1990
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National air transport system

Civil aircraft registration country code prefix

Airports: 40 total, 34 usable; 19 with permanent-surface runways; 8 with runways over 3,659 m; 5 with runways 2,440-3,659 m; 4 with runways 1,220-2,439 m

Airports with paved runways

Airports with unpaved runways


Pipelines: 830 km crude oil; 870 km natural gas, including natural gas liquids




Merchant marine: 47 ships (1,000 GRT or over) totaling 728,332 GRT/1,181,566 DWT; includes 14 cargo, 7 container, 2 roll-on/roll-off cargo, 20 petroleum, oils, and lubricants (POL) tanker, 4 bulk

Ports and terminals

United Arab Emirates - Transnational issues 1990
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Disputes international: boundary with Qatar is in dispute; no defined boundary with Saudi Arabia; no defined boundary with most of Oman, but Administrative Line in far north; claims three islands in the Persian Gulf occupied by Iran (Jazireh-ye Abu Musa or Abu Musa, Jazireh-ye Tonb-e Bozorg or Greater Tunb, and Jazireh-ye Tonb-e Kuchek or Lesser Tunb)

Refugees and internally displaced persons

Illicit drugs

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