Saint Kitts and Nevis 1991Saint%20Kitts%20and%20Nevis

 Saint Kitts and Nevis | | | | | |
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Saint Kitts and Nevis
Saint Kitts and Nevis 

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Saint Kitts and Nevis - Introduction 1991
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Background: First settled by the British in 1623 the islands along with Anguilla became an associated state with full internal autonomy in 1967. Anguilla rebelled and was allowed to secede in 1971. St. Kitts and Nevis achieved independence in 1983.


Saint Kitts and Nevis - Geography 1991
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Location

Geographic coordinates

Map reference

Area

Land boundaries: none

Coastline: 135 km

Maritime claims
Contiguous zone: 24 nm
Exclusive economic zone: 200 nm
Territorial sea: 12 nm

Climate: subtropical tempered by constant sea breezes; little seasonal temperature variation; rainy season (May to November)

Terrain: volcanic with mountainous interiors

Elevation

Natural resources: negligible
Land use

Land use: arable land: 22%; permanent crops: 17%; meadows and pastures 3%; forest and woodland 17%; other 41%

Irrigated land

Major rivers

Major watersheds area km²

Total water withdrawal

Total renewable water resources

Natural hazards

Geography
Note: located 320 km east-southeast of Puerto Rico


Saint Kitts and Nevis - People 1991
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Population: 40,293 (July 1991), growth rate 0.4% (1991)

Nationality: noun--Kittsian(s), Nevisian(s; adjective--Kittsian, Nevisian

Ethnic groups: mainly of black African descent

Languages: English

Religions: Anglican, other Protestant sects, Roman Catholic

Demographic profile
Age structure

Age structure

Dependency ratios

Median age

Population growth rate

Birth rate: 24 births/1000 population (1991)

Death rate: 10 deaths/1000 population (1991)

Net migration rate: - 10 migrants/1000 population (1991)

Population distribution

Urbanization

Major urban areas

Environment
Current issues: subject to hurricanes (July to October)

Air pollutants

Sex ratio

Mothers mean age at first birth

Maternal mortality ratio

Infant mortality rate: 39 deaths/1000 live births (1991)

Life expectancy at birth: 64 years male, 71 years female (1991)

Total fertility rate: 2.6 children born/woman (1991)

Contraceptive prevalence rate

Drinking water source

Current health expenditure

Physicians density

Hospital bed density

Sanitation facility access

Hiv/Aids

Major infectious diseases

Obesity adult prevalence rate

Alcohol consumption

Tobacco use

Children under the age of 5 years underweight

Education expenditures

Literacy: 98% (male 98%, female 98%) age 15 and over having ever attended school (1970)

School life expectancy primary to tertiary education

Youth unemployment


Saint Kitts and Nevis - Government 1991
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Country name: conventional long form: Federation of Saint Kitts and Nevis

Government type: constitutional monarchy

Capital: Basseterre

Administrative divisions: 14 parishs; Christ Church Nichola Town, Saint Anne Sandy Point, Saint George Basseterre, Saint George Gingerland, Saint James Windward, Saint John Capisterre, Saint John Figtree, Saint Mary Cayon, Saint Paul Capisterre, Saint Paul Charlestown, Saint Peter Basseterre, Saint Thomas Lowland, Saint Thomas Middle Island, Trinity Palmetto Point

Dependent areas

Independence: 19 September 1983 (from UK)

National holiday: Independence Day, 19 September (1983)

Constitution: 19 September 1983

Legal system: based on English common law

International law organization participation

Citizenship

Suffrage: universal adult at age NA

Executive branch: Chief of State--Queen ELIZABETH II (since 6 February 1952), represented by Governor General Sir Clement Athelston ARRINDELL (since 19 September 1983, previously Governor General of the Associated State since NA November 1981; Head of Government--Prime Minister Dr. Kennedy Alphonse SIMMONDS (since 19 September 1983, previously Premier of the Associated State since NA February 1980; Deputy Prime Minister Michael Oliver POWELL (since NA)

Legislative branch: Royal Saint Kitts and Nevis Police Force, Coast Guard

Judicial branch: Eastern Caribbean Supreme Court

Political parties and leaders

International organization participation: ACP, C, CARICOM, CDB, ECLAC, FAO, IBRD, ICFTU, IDA, IFAD, IMF, INTERPOL, OAS, OECS, UN, UNCTAD, UNESCO, UNIDO, UPU, WCL, WHO

Diplomatic representation
In the us: Minister-Counselor (Deputy Chief of Mission), Charge d'Affaires ad interim Erstein M. EDWARDS; Chancery at Suite 540, 2,501 M Street NW, Washington DC 20,037; telephone (202) 833-3,550; US--none

Flag descriptionflag of Saint%20Kitts%20and%20Nevis: divided diagonally from the lower hoist side by a broad black band bearing two white five-pointed stars; the black band is edged in yellow; the upper triangle is green, the lower triangle is red

National symbols

National anthem

National heritage


Saint Kitts and Nevis - Economy 1991
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Economy overview: The economy has historically depended on the growing and processing of sugarcane and on remittances from overseas workers. In recent years, tourism and export-oriented manufacturing have assumed larger roles.

Real gdp purchasing power parity

Real gdp growth rate

Real gdp per capita ppp

Gross national saving
Gdp composition by sector of origin

Gdp composition by end use

Gdp composition by sector of origin

Agriculture products: accounts for 10% of GDP; cash crop--sugarcane; subsistence crops--rice, yams, vegetables, bananas; fishing potential not fully exploited; most food imported

Industries: sugar processing, tourism, cotton, salt, copra, clothing, footwear, beverages

Industrial production growth rate: 11.8% (1988 est.), accounts for 17% of GDP

Labor force: 20,000 (1981)
Labor force

Unemployment rate: 15% (1989)

Youth unemployment

Population below poverty line

Gini index

Household income or consumption by percentage share

Distribution of family income gini index

Budget: revenues $38.1 million; expenditures $68.1 million, including capital expenditures of $31.5 million (1991)

Public debt

Taxes and other revenues

Revenue

Fiscal year: calendar year

Current account balance

Inflation rate consumer prices

Central bank discount rate

Commercial bank prime lending rate

Stock of narrow money

Stock of broad money

Stock of domestic credit

Market value of publicly traded shares

Current account balance

Exports: $32.8 million (f.o.b., 1989)

Imports: $89.6 million (f.o.b., 1989)

Reserves of foreign exchange and gold

Debt external: $26.4 million (1988)

Stock of direct foreign investment at home

Stock of direct foreign investment abroad

Exchange rates: East Caribbean dollars (EC$) per US$1--2.70 (fixed rate since 1976)


Saint Kitts and Nevis - Energy 1991
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Electricity access

Electricity production

Electricity consumption

Electricity exports

Electricity imports

Electricity installed generating capacity

Electricity transmission distribution losses

Electricity generation sources

Petroleum

Refined petroleum

Natural gas

Carbon dioxide emissions

Energy consumption per capita


Saint Kitts and Nevis - Communication 1991
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Telephones fixed lines

Telephones mobile cellular

Telephone system

Broadcast media

Internet country code

Internet users

Broadband fixed subscriptions


Saint Kitts and Nevis - Military 1991
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Military expenditures
Percent of gdp: $NA, NA% of GDP

Military and security forces

Military service age and obligation

Terrorist groups


Saint Kitts and Nevis - Transportation 1991
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National air transport system

Civil aircraft registration country code prefix

Airports: 2 total, 2 usable; 2 with permanent-surface runways; none with runways over 3,659 m; 1 with runways 2,440-3,659 m; none with runways 1,220-2,439 m

Airports with paved runways

Airports with unpaved runways

Heliports

Pipelines

Railways

Roadways

Waterways

Merchant marine

Ports and terminals


Saint Kitts and Nevis - Transnational issues 1991
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Disputes international

Refugees and internally displaced persons

Illicit drugs


Airhelp


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