Tuvalu 1991Tuvalu

 Tuvalu | | | | | |
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Tuvalu - Introduction 1991
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Background: In 1974 ethnic differences within the British colony of the Gilbert and Ellice Islands caused the Polynesians of the Ellice Islands to vote for separation from the Micronesians of the Gilbert Islands. The following year the Ellice Islands became the separate British colony of Tuvalu. Independence was granted in 1978. In 1991 Tuvalu negotiated a contract leasing its Internet domain name '.tv' for $50 million in royalties over the next dozen years.

Tuvalu - Geography 1991
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Geographic coordinates

Map reference


Land boundaries: none

Coastline: 24 km

Maritime claims
Exclusive economic zone: 200 nm
Territorial sea: 12 nm

Climate: tropical; moderated by easterly trade winds (March to November; westerly gales and heavy rain (November to March)

Terrain: very low-lying and narrow coral atolls


Natural resources: fish
Land use

Land use: arable land: 0%; permanent crops: 0%; meadows and pastures 0%; forest and woodland 0%; other 100%

Irrigated land

Major rivers

Major watersheds area km²

Total water withdrawal

Total renewable water resources

Natural hazards

Note: located 3,000 km east of Papua New Guinea in the South Pacific Ocean

Tuvalu - People 1991
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Population: 9,317 (July 1991), growth rate 1.9% (1991)

Nationality: noun--Tuvaluans(s; adjective--Tuvaluan

Ethnic groups: 96% Polynesian

Languages: Tuvaluan, English

Religions: Church of Tuvalu (Congregationalist) 97%, Seventh-Day Adventist 1.4%, Baha'i 1%, other 0.06%

Demographic profile
Age structure

Age structure

Dependency ratios

Median age

Population growth rate

Birth rate: 29 births/1000 population (1991)

Death rate: 10 deaths/1000 population (1991)

Net migration rate: 0 migrants/1000 population (1991)

Population distribution


Major urban areas

Current issues: severe tropical storms are rare

Air pollutants

Sex ratio

Mothers mean age at first birth

Maternal mortality ratio

Infant mortality rate: 33 deaths/1000 live births (1991)

Life expectancy at birth: 61 years male, 63 years female (1991)

Total fertility rate: 3.1 children born/woman (1991)

Contraceptive prevalence rate

Drinking water source

Current health expenditure

Physicians density

Hospital bed density

Sanitation facility access


Major infectious diseases

Obesity adult prevalence rate

Alcohol consumption

Tobacco use

Children under the age of 5 years underweight

Education expenditures

Literacy: NA% (male NA%, female NA%)

School life expectancy primary to tertiary education

Youth unemployment

Tuvalu - Government 1991
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Country name: conventional long form: none

Government type: democracy

Capital: Funafuti

Administrative divisions: none

Dependent areas

Independence: 1 October 1978 (from UK; formerly Ellice Islands)

National holiday: Independence Day, 1 October (1978)

Constitution: 1 October 1978

Legal system

International law organization participation


Suffrage: universal at age 18

Executive branch: Chief of State--Queen ELIZABETH II (since 6 February 1952), represented by Governor General Tupua LEUPENA (since 1 March 1986; Head of Government--Prime Minister Bikenibeu PAENIU (since 16 October 1989; Deputy Prime Minister Dr. Alesana SELUKA (since October 1989)

Legislative branch: Police Force

Judicial branch: High Court

Political parties and leaders

International organization participation: ACP, C (special), ESCAP, SPC, SPF, UPU

Diplomatic representation
In the us: Ambassador (vacant; US--none

Flag descriptionflag of Tuvalu: light blue with the flag of the UK in the upper hoist-side quadrant; the outer half of the flag represents a map of the country with nine yellow five-pointed stars symbolizing the nine islands Tuvalu TuvaluTuvalu

National symbols

National anthem

National heritage

Tuvalu - Economy 1991
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Economy overview: Tuvalu consists of a scattered group of nine coral atolls with poor soil. The country has no known mineral resources and few exports. Subsistence farming and fishing are the primary economic activities. The islands are too small and too remote for development of a tourist industry. Government revenues largely come from the sale of stamps and coins and worker remittances. Substantial income is received annually from an international trust fund established in 1987 by Australia, New Zealand, and the UK and supported also by Japan and South Korea.

Real gdp purchasing power parity

Real gdp growth rate

Real gdp per capita ppp

Gross national saving
Gdp composition by sector of origin

Gdp composition by end use

Gdp composition by sector of origin

Agriculture products: coconuts, copra

Industries: fishing, tourism, copra

Industrial production growth rate: NA

Labor force: NA
Labor force

Unemployment rate: NA%

Youth unemployment

Population below poverty line

Gini index

Household income or consumption by percentage share

Distribution of family income gini index

Budget: revenues $4.3 million; expenditures $4.3 million, including capital expenditures of $NA (1989)

Public debt

Taxes and other revenues


Fiscal year: NA

Current account balance

Inflation rate consumer prices

Central bank discount rate

Commercial bank prime lending rate

Stock of narrow money

Stock of broad money

Stock of domestic credit

Market value of publicly traded shares

Current account balance

Exports: $1.0 million (f.o.b., 1983 est.)
Commodities: copra
Partners: Fiji, Australia, NZ

Imports: $2.8 million (c.i.f., 1983 est.)
Commodities: food, animals, mineral fuels, machinery, manufactured goods
Partners: Fiji, Australia, NZ

Reserves of foreign exchange and gold

Debt external: $NA

Stock of direct foreign investment at home

Stock of direct foreign investment abroad

Exchange rates: Tuvaluan dollars ($T) or Australian dollars ($A) per US$1--1.2834 (January 1991), 1.2799 (1990), 1.2618 (1989), 1.2752 (1988), 1.4267 (1987), 1.4905 (1986), 1.4269 (1985)

Tuvalu - Energy 1991
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Electricity access

Electricity production

Electricity consumption

Electricity exports

Electricity imports

Electricity installed generating capacity

Electricity transmission distribution losses

Electricity generation sources


Refined petroleum

Natural gas

Carbon dioxide emissions

Energy consumption per capita

Tuvalu - Communication 1991
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Telephones fixed lines

Telephones mobile cellular

Telephone system

Broadcast media

Internet country code

Internet users

Broadband fixed subscriptions

Tuvalu - Military 1991
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Military expenditures
Percent of gdp: $NA, NA% of GDP

Military and security forces

Military service age and obligation

Terrorist groups

Tuvalu - Transportation 1991
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National air transport system

Civil aircraft registration country code prefix

Airports: 1 with runway 1,220-2,439 m

Airports with paved runways

Airports with unpaved runways






Merchant marine: 1 passenger-cargo (1,000 GRT or over) totaling 1,043 GRT/450 DWT

Ports and terminals

Tuvalu - Transnational issues 1991
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Disputes international

Refugees and internally displaced persons

Illicit drugs


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