Bermuda 1992Bermuda

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Bermuda
Bermuda 

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Bermuda - Introduction 1992
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Background: Bermuda was first settled in 1609 by shipwrecked English colonists headed for Virginia. Tourism to the island to escape North American winters first developed in Victorian times. Bermuda has developed into highly successful offshore financial center.


Bermuda - Geography 1992
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Location

Geographic coordinates

Map reference

Area
Total: 50 km²
Land: 50 km²
Comparative: about 0.3 times the size of Washington, DC

Land boundaries: none

Coastline: 103 km

Maritime claims
Exclusive fishing zone: 200 nm
Territorial sea: 12 nm

Climate: subtropical; mild, humid; gales, strong winds common in winter

Terrain: low hills separated by fertile depressions

Elevation

Natural resources: limestone, pleasant climate fostering tourism
Land use

Land use: arable land: 0%; permanent crops: 0%; meadows and pastures 0%; forest and woodland 20%; other 80%

Irrigated land

Major rivers

Major watersheds area km²

Total water withdrawal

Total renewable water resources

Natural hazards

Geography


Bermuda - People 1992
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Population: 60,213 (July 1992), growth rate 0.8% (1992)

Nationality: noun - Bermudian(s; adjective - Bermudian

Ethnic groups: black 61%, white and other 39%

Languages: English

Religions: Anglican 37%, Roman Catholic 14%, African Methodist Episcopal (Zion) 10%, Methodist 6%, Seventh-Day Adventist 5%, other 28%

Demographic profile
Age structure

Age structure

Dependency ratios

Median age

Population growth rate

Birth rate: 15 births/1000 population (1992)

Death rate: 7 deaths/1000 population (1992)

Net migration rate: NEGL migrants/1000 population (1992)

Population distribution

Urbanization

Major urban areas

Environment
Current issues: ample rainfall, but no rivers or freshwater lakes; consists of about 360 small coral islands
Current issues note:
1,050 km east of North Carolina; some reclaimed land leased by US
Government


Air pollutants

Sex ratio

Mothers mean age at first birth

Maternal mortality ratio

Infant mortality rate: 13 deaths/1000 live births (1992)

Life expectancy at birth: 73 years male, 77 years female (1992)

Total fertility rate: 1.8 children born/woman (1992)

Contraceptive prevalence rate

Drinking water source

Current health expenditure

Physicians density

Hospital bed density

Sanitation facility access

Hiv/Aids

Major infectious diseases

Obesity adult prevalence rate

Alcohol consumption

Tobacco use

Children under the age of 5 years underweight

Education expenditures

Literacy: 98% (male 98%, female 99%) age 15 and over can read and write (1970)

School life expectancy primary to tertiary education

Youth unemployment


Bermuda - Government 1992
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Country name
Conventional long form: none

Government type: dependent territory of the UK

Capital: Hamilton

Administrative divisions:
9 parishes and 2 municipalities*; Devonshire,
Hamilton, Hamilton*, Paget, Pembroke, Saint George*, Saint George's, Sandys,
Smiths, Southampton, Warwick


Dependent areas

Independence: none (dependent territory of the UK)

National holiday: Bermuda Day, 22 May

Constitution: 8 June 1968

Legal system: English law

International law organization participation

Citizenship

Suffrage: universal at age 21
House of Assembly:
last held 9 February 1989 (next to be held by
February 1994); results - percent of vote by party NA; seats - (40 total)
UBP 23, PLP 15, NLP 1, other 1


Executive branch: British monarch, governor, deputy governor, premier, deputy premier, Executive Council (cabinet)

Legislative branch:
bicameral Parliament consists of an upper house or
Senate and a lower house or House of Assembly


Judicial branch: Supreme Court

Political parties and leaders

International organization participation: CARICOM (observer), CCC, ICFTU, IOC
Diplomatic representation: as a dependent territory of the UK, Bermuda's interests in the US are represented by the UK
US:
Consul General L. Ebersole GAINES; Consulate General at Crown Hill, 16 Middle Road, Devonshire, Hamilton (mailing address is P. O. Box HM325,
Hamilton HMBX; PSC 1002, FPO AE 9,727-1002); telephone (809) 295-1342; FAX (809) 295-1592


Diplomatic representation

Flag descriptionflag of Bermuda: red with the flag of the UK in the upper hoist-side quadrant and the Bermudian coat of arms (white and blue shield with a red lion holding a scrolled shield showing the sinking of the ship Sea Venture off Bermuda in 1609) centered on the outer half of the flag

National symbols

National anthem

National heritage


Bermuda - Economy 1992
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Economy overview: Bermuda enjoys one of the highest per capita incomes in the world, having successfully exploited its location by providing luxury tourist facilities and financial services. The tourist industry attracts more than 90% of its business from North America. The industrial sector is small, and agriculture is severely limited by a lack of suitable land. About 80% of food needs are imported.
GDP: purchasing power equivalent - $1.3 billion, per capita $22,400; real growth rate 2.0% (1989 est.)

Real gdp purchasing power parity

Real gdp growth rate

Real gdp per capita ppp

Gross national saving
Gdp composition by sector of origin

Gdp composition by end use

Gdp composition by sector of origin

Agriculture products: accounts for less than 1% of GDP; most basic foods must be imported; produces bananas, vegetables, citrus fruits, flowers, dairy products

Industries: tourism, finance, structural concrete products, paints, pharmaceuticals, ship repairing

Industrial production growth rate: growth rate NA%

Labor force: 32,000; clerical 25%, services 22%, laborers 21%, professional and technical 13%, administrative and managerial 10%, sales 7%, agriculture and fishing 2% (1984)
Organized labor:
8,573 members (1985); largest union is Bermuda
Industrial Union

Labor force

Unemployment rate: 2.0% (1988)

Youth unemployment

Population below poverty line

Gini index

Household income or consumption by percentage share

Distribution of family income gini index

Budget: revenues $361.6 million; expenditures $396.1 million, including capital expenditures of $74.1 million (FY91 est.)

Public debt

Taxes and other revenues

Revenue

Fiscal year: 1 April - 31 March

Current account balance

Inflation rate consumer prices

Central bank discount rate

Commercial bank prime lending rate

Stock of narrow money

Stock of broad money

Stock of domestic credit

Market value of publicly traded shares

Current account balance

Exports: $30 million (f.o.b., FY88)
Commodoties: semitropical produce, light manufactures
Partners: US 25%, Italy 25%, UK 14%, Canada 5%, other 31%

Imports: $420 million (c.i.f., FY88)
Commodoties: fuel, foodstuffs, machinery
Partners: US 58%, Netherlands Antilles 9%, UK 8%, Canada 6%, Japan 5%, other 14%

Reserves of foreign exchange and gold

Debt external

Stock of direct foreign investment at home

Stock of direct foreign investment abroad

Exchange rates: Bermudian dollar (Bd$) per US$1 - 1.0000 (fixed rate)


Bermuda - Energy 1992
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Electricity access

Electricity production: 154,000 kW capacity; 504 million kWh produced, 8,625 kWh per capita (1991)

Electricity consumption

Electricity exports

Electricity imports

Electricity installed generating capacity

Electricity transmission distribution losses

Electricity generation sources

Petroleum

Refined petroleum

Natural gas

Carbon dioxide emissions

Energy consumption per capita


Bermuda - Communication 1992
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Telephones fixed lines

Telephones mobile cellular

Telephone system

Broadcast media

Internet country code

Internet users

Broadband fixed subscriptions


Bermuda - Military 1992
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Military expenditures

Military and security forces

Military service age and obligation

Terrorist groups


Bermuda - Transportation 1992
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National air transport system

Civil aircraft registration country code prefix

Airports: 1 with permanent-surface runways 2,440-3,659 m

Airports with paved runways

Airports with unpaved runways

Heliports

Pipelines

Railways

Roadways

Waterways

Merchant marine:
73 ships (1,000 GRT or over) totaling 3,511,972
GRT/6,093,321 DWT; includes 4 cargo, 5 refrigerated cargo, 4 container, 7 roll-on/roll-off, 23 petroleum tanker, 12 liquefied gas, 18 bulk; note - a flag of convenience registry

Civil air: 16 major transport aircraft

Ports and terminals


Bermuda - Transnational issues 1992
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Disputes international

Refugees and internally displaced persons

Illicit drugs


Fidel Crest


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