Dominica 1992Dominica

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Dominica
Dominica 

Austrian Airlines


Dominica - Introduction 1992
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Background: Dominica was the last of the Caribbean islands to be colonized by Europeans due chiefly to the fierce resistance of the native Caribs. France ceded possession to Great Britain in 1763 which made the island a colony in 1805. In 1980 two years after independence Dominica's fortunes improved when a corrupt and tyrannical administration was replaced by that of Mary Eugenia CHARLES the first female prime minister in the Caribbean.


Dominica - Geography 1992
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Location

Geographic coordinates

Map reference

Area
Total: 750 km²
Land: 750 km²
Comparative:
slightly more than four times the size of Washington,
DC


Land boundaries: none

Coastline: 148 km

Maritime claims
Contiguous zone: 24 nm
Exclusive economic zone: 200 nm
Territorial sea: 12 nm
Disputes: none

Climate: tropical; moderated by northeast trade winds; heavy rainfall

Terrain: rugged mountains of volcanic origin

Elevation

Natural resources: timber
Land use

Land use: arable land: 9%; permanent crops: 13%; meadows and pastures 3%; forest and woodland 41%; other 34%

Irrigated land

Major rivers

Major watersheds area km²

Total water withdrawal

Total renewable water resources

Natural hazards

Geography


Dominica - People 1992
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Population: 87,035 (July 1992), growth rate 1.6% (1992)

Nationality: noun - Dominican(s; adjective - Dominican

Ethnic groups: mostly black; some Carib Indians

Languages: English (official; French patois widely spoken

Religions: Roman Catholic 77%, Protestant 15% (Methodist 5%, Pentecostal 3%, Seventh-Day Adventist 3%, Baptist 2%, other 2%), none 2%, unknown 1%, other 5%

Demographic profile
Age structure

Age structure

Dependency ratios

Median age

Population growth rate

Birth rate: 24 births/1000 population (1992)

Death rate: 5 deaths/1000 population (1992)

Net migration rate: -3 migrants/1000 population (1992)

Population distribution

Urbanization

Major urban areas

Environment
Current issues: flash floods a constant hazard; occasional hurricanes
Current issues note: located 550 km southeast of Puerto Rico in the Caribbean Sea

Air pollutants

Sex ratio

Mothers mean age at first birth

Maternal mortality ratio

Infant mortality rate: 11 deaths/1000 live births (1992)

Life expectancy at birth: 74 years male, 79 years female (1992)

Total fertility rate: 2.4 children born/woman (1992)

Contraceptive prevalence rate

Drinking water source

Current health expenditure

Physicians density

Hospital bed density

Sanitation facility access

Hiv/Aids

Major infectious diseases

Obesity adult prevalence rate

Alcohol consumption

Tobacco use

Children under the age of 5 years underweight

Education expenditures

Literacy: 94% (male 94%, female 94%) age 15 and over having ever attended school (1970)

School life expectancy primary to tertiary education

Youth unemployment


Dominica - Government 1992
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Country name
Conventional long form: Commonwealth of Dominica

Government type: parliamentary democracy

Capital: Roseau

Administrative divisions:
10 parishes; Saint Andrew, Saint David, Saint
George, Saint John, Saint Joseph, Saint Luke, Saint Mark, Saint Patrick,
Saint Paul, Saint Peter


Dependent areas

Independence: 3 November 1978 (from UK)

National holiday: Independence Day, 3 November (1978)

Constitution: 3 November 1978

Legal system: based on English common law

International law organization participation

Citizenship

Suffrage: universal at age 18
House of Assembly: last held 28 May 1990 (next to be held May 1995); results - percent of vote by party NA; seats - (30 total; 9 appointed senators and 21 elected representatives) DFP 11, UWP 6, DLP 4
President:
last held 20 December 1988 (next to be held December 1993); results - President Sir Clarence Augustus SEIGNORET was reelected by the
House of Assembly


Executive branch: president, prime minister, Cabinet

Legislative branch: unicameral House of Assembly

Judicial branch: Eastern Caribbean Supreme Court

Political parties and leaders

International organization participation:
ACCT, ACP, C, CARICOM, CDB, ECLAC, FAO, G-77, IBRD, ICFTU,
IDA, IFAD, IFC, ILO, IMF, IMO, INTERPOL, LORCS, NAM (observer), OAS, OECS,
UN, UNCTAD, UNESCO, UNIDO, UPU, WCL, WHO, WMO

Diplomatic representation: there is no Chancery in the US
US: no official presence since the Ambassador resides in Bridgetown (Barbados), but travels frequently to Dominica

Diplomatic representation

Flag descriptionflag of Dominica: green with a centered cross of three equal bands - the vertical part is yellow (hoist side), black, and white - the horizontal part is yellow (top), black, and white; superimposed in the center of the cross is a red disk bearing a sisserou parrot encircled by 10 green five-pointed stars edged in yellow; the 10 stars represent the 10 administrative divisions (parishes)

National symbols

National anthem

National heritage


Dominica - Economy 1992
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Economy overview: The economy is dependent on agriculture and thus is highly vulnerable to climatic conditions. Agriculture accounts for about 30% of GDP and employs 40% of the labor force. Principal products include bananas, citrus, mangoes, root crops, and coconuts. In 1990, GDP grew by 7%, bouncing back from the 1.6% decline of 1989. The tourist industry remains undeveloped because of a rugged coastline and the lack of an international airport.
GDP: purchasing power equivalent - $170 million, per capita $2,000; real growth rate 7.0% (1990 est.)

Real gdp purchasing power parity

Real gdp growth rate

Real gdp per capita ppp

Gross national saving
Gdp composition by sector of origin

Gdp composition by end use

Gdp composition by sector of origin

Agriculture products: accounts for 30% of GDP; principal crops - bananas, citrus, mangoes, root crops, and coconuts; bananas provide the bulk of export earnings; forestry and fisheries potential not exploited

Industries: soap, beverages, tourism, food processing, furniture, cement blocks, shoes

Industrial production growth rate: growth rate 4.5% in manufacturing (1988 est.), accounts for 11% of GDP

Labor force: 25,000; agriculture 40%, industry and commerce 32%, services 28% (1984)
Organized labor: 25% of labor force
Labor force

Unemployment rate: 10% (1989 est.)

Youth unemployment

Population below poverty line

Gini index

Household income or consumption by percentage share

Distribution of family income gini index

Budget: revenues $48 million; expenditures $85 million, including capital expenditures of $41 million (FY90)

Public debt

Taxes and other revenues

Revenue

Fiscal year: 1 July - 30 June

Current account balance

Inflation rate consumer prices

Central bank discount rate

Commercial bank prime lending rate

Stock of narrow money

Stock of broad money

Stock of domestic credit

Market value of publicly traded shares

Current account balance

Exports: $59.9 million (f.o.b., 1990)
Commodoties: bananas, coconuts, grapefruit, soap, galvanized sheets
Partners: UK 72%, Jamaica 10%, OECS 6%, US 3%, other 9%

Imports: $103.9 million (c.i.f., 1990)
Commodoties: food, oils and fats, chemicals, fuels and lubricants, manufactured goods, machinery and equipment
Partners: US 23%, UK 18%, CARICOM 15%, OECS 15%, Japan 5%, Canada 3%, other 21%

Reserves of foreign exchange and gold

Debt external

Stock of direct foreign investment at home

Stock of direct foreign investment abroad

Exchange rates: East Caribbean dollars (EC$) per US$1 - 2.70 (fixed rate since 1976)


Dominica - Energy 1992
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Electricity access

Electricity production: 7,000 kW capacity; 16 million kWh produced, 185 kWh per capita (1991)

Electricity consumption

Electricity exports

Electricity imports

Electricity installed generating capacity

Electricity transmission distribution losses

Electricity generation sources

Petroleum

Refined petroleum

Natural gas

Carbon dioxide emissions

Energy consumption per capita


Dominica - Communication 1992
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Telephones fixed lines

Telephones mobile cellular

Telephone system

Broadcast media

Internet country code

Internet users

Broadband fixed subscriptions


Dominica - Military 1992
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Military expenditures
Percent of gdp: exchange rate conversion - $NA, NA% of GDP

Military and security forces

Military service age and obligation

Terrorist groups


Dominica - Transportation 1992
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National air transport system

Civil aircraft registration country code prefix

Airports:
2 total, 2 usable; 2 with permanent-surface runways; none with runways over 2,439 m; 1
with runways 1,220-2,439 m


Airports with paved runways

Airports with unpaved runways

Heliports

Pipelines

Railways

Roadways

Waterways

Merchant marine

Ports and terminals


Dominica - Transnational issues 1992
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Disputes international

Refugees and internally displaced persons

Illicit drugs


Numa


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