French Guiana 1992French%20Guiana

 French Guiana | | | | | |
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French Guiana
French Guiana 


French Guiana - Introduction 1992
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Background: First settled by the French in 1604 French Guiana was the site of notorious penal settlements until 1951. The European Space Agency launches its communication satellites from Kourou.

French Guiana - Geography 1992
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Geographic coordinates

Map reference

Total: 91,000 km²; Land area: 89,150 km²; Comparative area: slightly smaller than Indiana

Land boundaries: 1,183 km; Brazil 673 km, Suriname 510 km

Coastline: 378 km

Maritime claims: Exclusive economic zone: 200 nm; Territorial sea: 12 nm; Disputes: Suriname claims area between Riviere Litani and Riviere; Marouini (both headwaters of the Lawa)

Climate: tropical; hot, humid; little seasonal temperature variation

Terrain: low-lying coastal plains rising to hills and small mountains


Natural resources: bauxite, timber, gold (widely scattered), cinnabar, kaolin, fish
Land use

Land use: arable land: NEGL%; permanent crops: NEGL%; meadows and pastures; NEGL%; forest and woodland 82%; other 18%

Irrigated land

Major rivers

Major watersheds area km²

Total water withdrawal

Total renewable water resources

Natural hazards


French Guiana - People 1992
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Population: 127,505 (July 1992), growth rate 4.6% (1992)

Nationality: noun - French Guianese (singular and plural); adjective -; French Guianese; note - they are a colony/department; they hold French passports

Ethnic groups: black or mulatto 66%; Caucasian 12%; East Indian,; Chinese, Amerindian 12%; other 10%

Languages: French

Religions: predominantly Roman Catholic

Demographic profile
Age structure

Age structure

Dependency ratios

Median age

Population growth rate

Birth rate: 27 births/1000 population (1992)

Death rate: 5 deaths/1000 population (1992)

Net migration rate: 24 migrants/1000 population (1992)

Population distribution


Major urban areas

Current issues: mostly an unsettled wilderness

Air pollutants

Sex ratio

Mothers mean age at first birth

Maternal mortality ratio

Infant mortality rate: 17 deaths/1000 live births (1992)

Life expectancy at birth: 71 years male, 78 years female (1992)

Total fertility rate: 3.6 children born/woman (1992)

Contraceptive prevalence rate

Drinking water source

Current health expenditure

Physicians density

Hospital bed density

Sanitation facility access


Major infectious diseases

Obesity adult prevalence rate

Alcohol consumption

Tobacco use

Children under the age of 5 years underweight

Education expenditures

Literacy: 82% (male 81%, female 83%) age 15 and over can read and write (1982)

School life expectancy primary to tertiary education

Youth unemployment

French Guiana - Government 1992
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Country name

Government type: overseas department of France

Capital: Cayenne

Administrative divisions: none (overseas department of France)

Dependent areas

Independence: none (overseas department of France)

National holiday: Taking of the Bastille, 14 July (1789)

Constitution: 28 September 1958 (French Constitution)

Legal system: French legal system

International law organization participation


Suffrage: universal at age 18; French National Assembly: last held 24 September 1989 (next to be held; September 1992); results - percent of vote by party NA; seats - (2 total); PSG 1, RPR 1; French Senate: last held 24 September 1989 (next to be held September 1992); results - percent of vote by party NA; seats - (1 total) PSG 1; Regional Council: last held 16 March 1986 (next to be held NA 1991); results - PSG 43%, RPR 27.7%, ADG 12.2%, UDF 8. 9%, FN 3.7%, PNPG 1.4%, other 3.1%; seats - (31 total) PSG 15, RPR 9, ADG 4, UDF 3

Executive branch: French president, commissioner of the republic

Legislative branch: unicameral General Council and a unicameral Regional; Council

Judicial branch: highest local court is the Court of Appeals based in; Martinique with jurisdiction over Martinique, Guadeloupe, and French Guiana

Political parties and leaders

International organization participation: FZ, WCL, WFTU; Diplomatic representation: as an overseas department of France, the interests of French Guiana are represented in the US by France

Diplomatic representation

Flag descriptionflag of French%20Guiana: the flag of France is used

National symbols

National anthem

National heritage

French Guiana - Economy 1992
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Economy overview: The economy is tied closely to that of France through subsidies and imports. Besides the French space center at Kourou, fishing and forestry are the most important economic activities, with exports of fish and fish products (mostly shrimp) accounting for more than 60% of total revenue in 1987. The large reserves of tropical hardwoods, not fully exploited, support an expanding sawmill industry that provides sawn logs for export. Cultivation of crops - rice, cassava, bananas, and sugarcane - are limited to the coastal area, where the population is largely concentrated.; French Guiana is heavily dependent on imports of food and energy.; Unemployment is a serious problem, particularly among younger workers.; GDP: exchange rate conversion - $186 million, per capita $2,240; real growth rate NA% (1985)

Real gdp purchasing power parity

Real gdp growth rate

Real gdp per capita ppp

Gross national saving
Gdp composition by sector of origin

Gdp composition by end use

Gdp composition by sector of origin

Agriculture products: some vegetables for local consumption; rice, corn, manioc, cocoa, bananas, sugar; livestock - cattle, pigs, poultry

Industries: construction, shrimp processing, forestry products, rum, gold mining

Industrial production growth rate: growth rate NA%

Labor force: 23,265; services, government, and commerce 60.6%, industry 21.2%, agriculture 18.2% (1980); Organized labor: 7% of labor force; Long-form name: Department of Guiana
Labor force

Unemployment rate: 15% (1987)

Youth unemployment

Population below poverty line

Gini index

Household income or consumption by percentage share

Distribution of family income gini index

Budget: revenues $735 million; expenditures $735 million, including capital expenditures of NA (1987)

Public debt

Taxes and other revenues


Fiscal year: calendar year

Current account balance

Inflation rate consumer prices

Central bank discount rate

Commercial bank prime lending rate

Stock of narrow money

Stock of broad money

Stock of domestic credit

Market value of publicly traded shares

Current account balance

Exports: $54.0 million (f.o.b., 1987)
Commodoties: shrimp, timber, rum, rosewood essence
Partners: France 31%, US 22%, Japan 10% (1987)

Imports: $394.0 million (c.i.f., 1987)
Commodoties: food (grains, processed meat), other consumer goods, producer goods, petroleum
Partners: France 62%, Trinidad and Tobago 9%, US 4%, FRG 3% (1987)

Reserves of foreign exchange and gold

Debt external

Stock of direct foreign investment at home

Stock of direct foreign investment abroad

Exchange rates: French francs (F) per US$1 - 5.3801 (January 1992), 5.6421 (1991), 5.4453 (1990), 6.3801 (1989), 5.9569 (1988), 6.0107 (1987)

French Guiana - Energy 1992
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Electricity access

Electricity production: 92,000 kW capacity; 185 million kWh produced, 1,821 kWh per capita (1991)

Electricity consumption

Electricity exports

Electricity imports

Electricity installed generating capacity

Electricity transmission distribution losses

Electricity generation sources


Refined petroleum

Natural gas

Carbon dioxide emissions

Energy consumption per capita

French Guiana - Communication 1992
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Telephones fixed lines

Telephones mobile cellular

Telephone system

Broadcast media

Internet country code

Internet users

Broadband fixed subscriptions

French Guiana - Military 1992
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Military expenditures

Military and security forces

Military service age and obligation

Terrorist groups

French Guiana - Transportation 1992
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National air transport system

Civil aircraft registration country code prefix

Airports: 10 total, 10 usable; 4 with permanent-surface runways; none; with runways over 3,659 m; 1; with runways 2,440-3,659 m; 1; with runways 1,220-2,439 m

Airports with paved runways

Airports with unpaved runways





Waterways: 460 km, navigable by small oceangoing vessels and river and coastal steamers; 3,300 km navigable by native craft

Merchant marine

Ports and terminals

French Guiana - Transnational issues 1992
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Disputes international

Refugees and internally displaced persons

Illicit drugs

Fidel Crest

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