French Southern and Antarctic Lands 1992French%20Southern%20and%20Antarctic%20Lands

 French Southern and Antarctic Lands | | | | | |
| | | :  |

French Southern and Antarctic Lands
French Southern and Antarctic Lands 


French Southern and Antarctic Lands - Introduction 1992
top of page

Background: The Southern Lands consist of two archipelagos Iles Crozet and Iles Kerguelen and two volcanic islands Ile Amsterdam and Ile Saint-Paul. They contain no permanent inhabitants and are visited only by researchers studying the native fauna. The Antarctic portion consists of 'Adelie Land' a thin slice of the Antarctic continent discovered and claimed by the French in 1840.

French Southern and Antarctic Lands - Geography 1992
top of page


Geographic coordinates

Map reference

Total: 7,781 km²
7,781 km²; includes Ile Amsterdam, Ile Saint-Paul, Iles
Kerguelen, and Iles Crozet; excludes Terre Adelie claim of about 500,000 km² in Antarctica that is not recognized by the US

Comparative: slightly less than 1.5 times the size of Delaware

Land boundaries: none

Coastline: 1,232 km

Maritime claims
Exclusive economic zone: 200 nm (Iles Kerguelen only)
Territorial sea: 12 nm
Disputes: Terre Adelie claim in Antarctica is not recognized by the US

Climate: antarctic

Terrain: volcanic


Natural resources: fish, crayfish
Land use

Land use: arable land: 0%; permanent crops: 0%; meadows and pastures 0%; forest and woodland 0%; other 100%

Irrigated land

Major rivers

Major watersheds area km²

Total water withdrawal

Total renewable water resources

Natural hazards


French Southern and Antarctic Lands - People 1992
top of page

Population: summer (January 1991) - 200, winter (July 1992) - 150, growth rate 0.0% (1992); note - mostly researchers
Longform name: Territory of the French Southern and Antarctic Lands


Ethnic groups



Demographic profile
Age structure

Age structure

Dependency ratios

Median age

Population growth rate

Birth rate

Death rate

Net migration rate

Population distribution


Major urban areas

Current issues: Ile Amsterdam and Ile Saint-Paul are extinct volcanoes
Current issues note:
located in the southern Indian Ocean about equidistant between
Africa, Antarctica, and Australia

Air pollutants

Sex ratio

Mothers mean age at first birth

Maternal mortality ratio

Infant mortality rate

Life expectancy at birth

Total fertility rate

Contraceptive prevalence rate

Drinking water source

Current health expenditure

Physicians density

Hospital bed density

Sanitation facility access


Major infectious diseases

Obesity adult prevalence rate

Alcohol consumption

Tobacco use

Children under the age of 5 years underweight

Education expenditures


School life expectancy primary to tertiary education

Youth unemployment

French Southern and Antarctic Lands - Government 1992
top of page

Country name

Government type:
overseas territory of France since 1955; governed by High
Administrator Bernard de GOUTTES (since May 1990), who is assisted by a 7-member Consultative Council and a 12-member Scientific Council

Capital: none; administered from Paris, France

Administrative divisions: none (overseas territory of France; there are no first-order administrative divisions as defined by the US Government, but there are 3 districts named Ile Crozet, Iles Kerguelen, and Iles Saint-Paul et Amsterdam; excludes Terre Adelie claim in Antarctica that is not recognized by the US

Dependent areas


National holiday


Legal system

International law organization participation



Executive branch

Legislative branch

Judicial branch

Political parties and leaders

International organization participation

Diplomatic representation

Flag descriptionflag of French%20Southern%20and%20Antarctic%20Lands: the flag of France is used

National symbols

National anthem

National heritage

French Southern and Antarctic Lands - Economy 1992
top of page

Economy overview:
Economic activity is limited to servicing meteorological and geophysical research stations and French and other fishing fleets. The fishing catches landed on Iles Kerguelen by foreign ships are exported to
France and Reunion.

Real gdp purchasing power parity

Real gdp growth rate

Real gdp per capita ppp

Gross national saving
Gdp composition by sector of origin

Gdp composition by end use

Gdp composition by sector of origin

Agriculture products


Industrial production growth rate

Labor force
Labor force

Unemployment rate

Youth unemployment

Population below poverty line

Gini index

Household income or consumption by percentage share

Distribution of family income gini index

Budget: $33.6 million (1990)

Public debt

Taxes and other revenues


Fiscal year

Current account balance

Inflation rate consumer prices

Central bank discount rate

Commercial bank prime lending rate

Stock of narrow money

Stock of broad money

Stock of domestic credit

Market value of publicly traded shares

Current account balance



Reserves of foreign exchange and gold

Debt external

Stock of direct foreign investment at home

Stock of direct foreign investment abroad

Exchange rates

French Southern and Antarctic Lands - Energy 1992
top of page

Electricity access

Electricity production

Electricity consumption

Electricity exports

Electricity imports

Electricity installed generating capacity

Electricity transmission distribution losses

Electricity generation sources


Refined petroleum

Natural gas

Carbon dioxide emissions

Energy consumption per capita

French Southern and Antarctic Lands - Communication 1992
top of page

Telephones fixed lines

Telephones mobile cellular

Telephone system

Broadcast media

Internet country code

Internet users

Broadband fixed subscriptions

French Southern and Antarctic Lands - Military 1992
top of page

Military expenditures

Military and security forces

Military service age and obligation

Terrorist groups

French Southern and Antarctic Lands - Transportation 1992
top of page

National air transport system

Civil aircraft registration country code prefix


Airports with paved runways

Airports with unpaved runways






Merchant marine:
12 ships (1,000 GRT or over) totaling 192,752
GRT/334,400 DWT; includes 1 cargo, 3 refrigerated cargo, 2 roll-on/roll-off cargo, 2 petroleum tanker, 1 liquefied gas, 2 bulk, 1 multifunction large load carrier; note - a captive subset of the French register

Ports and terminals

French Southern and Antarctic Lands - Transnational issues 1992
top of page

Disputes international

Refugees and internally displaced persons

Illicit drugs

Iberostar Hotels

You found a piece of the puzzle

Please click here to complete it