Guadeloupe 1992Guadeloupe

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Guadeloupe
Guadeloupe 

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Guadeloupe - Introduction 1992
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Background: Guadeloupe has been a French possession since 1635. The island of Saint-Martin is divided with the Netherlands (whose southern portion is named Sint Maarten and is part of the Netherlands Antilles).


Guadeloupe - Geography 1992
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Location

Geographic coordinates

Map reference

Area
Total: 1,780 km²
Land: 1,760 km²
Comparative: 10 times the size of Washington, DC

Land boundaries: none

Coastline: 306 km

Maritime claims
Continental shelf: 200 m (depth) or to depth of exploitation
Exclusive economic zone: 200 nm
Territorial sea: 12 nm
Disputes: none

Climate: subtropical tempered by trade winds; relatively high humidity

Terrain:
Basse-Terre is volcanic in origin with interior mountains;
Grand-Terre is low limestone formation


Elevation

Natural resources: cultivable land, beaches, and climate that foster tourism
Land use

Land use: arable land: 18%; permanent crops: 5%; meadows and pastures 13%; forest and woodland 40%; other 24%; includes irrigated 1%

Irrigated land

Major rivers

Major watersheds area km²

Total water withdrawal

Total renewable water resources

Natural hazards

Geography


Guadeloupe - People 1992
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Population: 409,132 (July 1992), growth rate 2.1% (1992)

Nationality: noun - Guadeloupian(s; adjective - Guadeloupe

Ethnic groups:
black or mulatto 90%; white 5%; East Indian, Lebanese,
Chinese less than 5%


Languages: French, creole patois

Religions: Roman Catholic 95%, Hindu and pagan African 5%

Demographic profile
Age structure

Age structure

Dependency ratios

Median age

Population growth rate

Birth rate: 19 births/1000 population (1992)

Death rate: 6 deaths/1000 population (1992)

Net migration rate: 8 migrants/1000 population (1992)

Population distribution

Urbanization

Major urban areas

Environment
Current issues: subject to hurricanes (June to October); La Soufriere is an active volcano
Current issues note: located 500 km southeast of Puerto Rico in the Caribbean Sea

Air pollutants

Sex ratio

Mothers mean age at first birth

Maternal mortality ratio

Infant mortality rate: 10 deaths/1000 live births (1992)

Life expectancy at birth: 74 years male, 80 years female (1992)

Total fertility rate: 2.0 children born/woman (1992)

Contraceptive prevalence rate

Drinking water source

Current health expenditure

Physicians density

Hospital bed density

Sanitation facility access

Hiv/Aids

Major infectious diseases

Obesity adult prevalence rate

Alcohol consumption

Tobacco use

Children under the age of 5 years underweight

Education expenditures

Literacy: 90% (male 90%, female 91%) age 15 and over can read and write (1982)

School life expectancy primary to tertiary education

Youth unemployment


Guadeloupe - Government 1992
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Country name
Conventional long form: Department of Guadeloupe

Government type: overseas department of France

Capital: Basse-Terre

Administrative divisions: none (overseas department of France)

Dependent areas

Independence: none (overseas department of France)

National holiday: Taking of the Bastille, 14 July (1789)

Constitution: 28 September 1958 (French Constitution)

Legal system: French legal system

International law organization participation

Citizenship

Suffrage: universal at age 18
French National Assembly: last held on 5 and 12 June 1988 (next to be held June 1994); Guadeloupe elects four representatives; results - percent of vote by party NA; seats - (4 total) PS 2 seats, RPR 1 seat, PCG 1 seat
French Senate: last held on 5 and 12 June 1988 (next to be held June 1994); Guadeloupe elects two representatives; results - percent of vote by party NA; seats - (2 total) PCG 1, PS 1
General Council:
last held NA 1986 (next to be held by NA 1992); results - percent of vote by party NA; seats - (42 total) number of seats by party
NA

Regional Council:
last held on 16 March 1992 (next to be held by 16
March 1998); results - RPR 33.1%, PSG 28.7%, PCG 23.8%, UDF 10.7%, other 3.7%; seats - (41 total) RPR 15, PSG 12, PCG 10, UDF 4

Communists: 3,000 est.

Executive branch: government commissioner

Legislative branch:
unicameral General Council and unicameral Regional
Council


Judicial branch:
Court of Appeal (Cour d'Appel) with jurisdiction over
Guadeloupe, French Guiana, and Martinique


Political parties and leaders

International organization participation: FZ, WCL
Diplomatic representation: as an overseas department of France, the interests of Guadeloupe are represented in the US by France

Diplomatic representation

Flag descriptionflag of Guadeloupe: the flag of France is used

National symbols

National anthem

National heritage


Guadeloupe - Economy 1992
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Economy overview:
The economy depends on agriculture, tourism, light industry, and services. It is also dependent upon France for large subsidies and imports. Tourism is a key industry, with most tourists from the US. In addition, an increasingly large number of cruise ships visit the islands.
The traditionally important sugarcane crop is slowly being replaced by other crops, such as bananas (which now supply about 50% of export earnings), eggplant, and flowers. Other vegetables and root crops are cultivated for local consumption, although Guadeloupe is still dependent on imported food, which comes mainly from France. Light industry consists mostly of sugar and rum production. Most manufactured goods and fuel are imported. Unemployment is especially high among the young.

GDP: exchange rate conversion - $1.1 billion, per capita $3,300; real growth rate NA% (1987)

Real gdp purchasing power parity

Real gdp growth rate

Real gdp per capita ppp

Gross national saving
Gdp composition by sector of origin

Gdp composition by end use

Gdp composition by sector of origin

Agriculture products: cash crops - bananas and sugarcane; other products include tropical fruits and vegetables; livestock - cattle, pigs, and goats; not self-sufficient in food

Industries: construction, cement, rum, sugar, tourism

Industrial production growth rate: growth rate NA%

Labor force:
120,000; 53.0%
services, government, and commerce, 25.8%
industry, 21.2% agriculture

Organized labor: 11% of labor force
Labor force

Unemployment rate: 38% (1987)

Youth unemployment

Population below poverty line

Gini index

Household income or consumption by percentage share

Distribution of family income gini index

Budget: revenues $254 million; expenditures $254 million, including capital expenditures of NA (1989)

Public debt

Taxes and other revenues

Revenue

Fiscal year: calendar year

Current account balance

Inflation rate consumer prices

Central bank discount rate

Commercial bank prime lending rate

Stock of narrow money

Stock of broad money

Stock of domestic credit

Market value of publicly traded shares

Current account balance

Exports: $153 million (f.o.b., 1988)
Commodoties: bananas, sugar, rum
Partners: France 68%, Martinique 22% (1987)

Imports: $1.2 billion (c.i.f., 1988)
Commodoties: vehicles, foodstuffs, clothing and other consumer goods, construction materials, petroleum products
Partners: France 64%, Italy, FRG, US (1987)

Reserves of foreign exchange and gold

Debt external

Stock of direct foreign investment at home

Stock of direct foreign investment abroad

Exchange rates: French francs (F) per US$1 - 5.6397 (March 1992), 5.6421 (1991), 5.4453 (1990), 6.3801 (1989), 5.9569 (1988), 6.0107 (1987)


Guadeloupe - Energy 1992
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Electricity access

Electricity production: 171,500 kW capacity; 441 million kWh produced, 1,279 kWh per capita (1991)

Electricity consumption

Electricity exports

Electricity imports

Electricity installed generating capacity

Electricity transmission distribution losses

Electricity generation sources

Petroleum

Refined petroleum

Natural gas

Carbon dioxide emissions

Energy consumption per capita


Guadeloupe - Communication 1992
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Telephones fixed lines

Telephones mobile cellular

Telephone system

Broadcast media

Internet country code

Internet users

Broadband fixed subscriptions


Guadeloupe - Military 1992
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Military expenditures

Military and security forces

Military service age and obligation

Terrorist groups


Guadeloupe - Transportation 1992
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National air transport system

Civil aircraft registration country code prefix

Airports:
9 total, 9 usable, 8 with permanent-surface runways; none with runways over 3,659 m; 1
with runways 2,440-3,659 m; 1
with runways 1,220-2,439 m


Airports with paved runways

Airports with unpaved runways

Heliports

Pipelines

Railways

Roadways

Waterways

Merchant marine

Ports and terminals


Guadeloupe - Transnational issues 1992
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Disputes international

Refugees and internally displaced persons

Illicit drugs


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