Guam 1992Guam

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Guam
Guam 

Volotea Air


Guam - Introduction 1992
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Background: Guam was ceded to the US by Spain in 1898. Captured by the Japanese in 1941 it was retaken by the US three years later. The military installation on the island is one of the most strategically important US bases in the Pacific.


Guam - Geography 1992
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Location

Geographic coordinates

Map reference

Area
Total: 541.3 km²
Land: 541.3 km²
Comparative:
slightly more than three times the size of Washington,
DC


Land boundaries: none

Coastline: 125.5 km

Maritime claims
Contiguous zone: 12 nm
Continental shelf: 200 m (depth)
Exclusive economic zone: 200 nm
Territorial sea: 12 nm
Disputes: none

Climate:
tropical marine; generally warm and humid, moderated by northeast trade winds; dry season from January to June, rainy season from
July to December; little seasonal temperature variation


Terrain: volcanic origin, surrounded by coral reefs; relatively flat coraline limestone plateau (source of most fresh water) with steep coastal cliffs and narrow coastal plains in north, low-rising hills in center, mountains in south

Elevation

Natural resources: fishing (largely undeveloped), tourism (especially from Japan)
Land use

Land use: arable land: 11%; permanent crops: 11%; meadows and pastures 15%; forest and woodland 18%; other 45%

Irrigated land

Major rivers

Major watersheds area km²

Total water withdrawal

Total renewable water resources

Natural hazards

Geography


Guam - People 1992
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Population: 142,271 (July 1992), growth rate 2.6% (1992)

Nationality:
noun - Guamanian(s); adjective - Guamanian; note -
Guamanians are US citizens


Ethnic groups:
Chamorro 47%, Filipino 25%, Caucasian 10%, Chinese,
Japanese, Korean, and other 18%


Languages: English and Chamorro, most residents bilingual; Japanese also widely spoken

Religions: Roman Catholic 98%, other 2%

Demographic profile
Age structure

Age structure

Dependency ratios

Median age

Population growth rate

Birth rate: 27 births/1000 population (1992)

Death rate: 4 deaths/1000 population (1992)

Net migration rate: 3 migrants/1000 population (1992)

Population distribution

Urbanization

Major urban areas

Environment
Current issues: frequent squalls during rainy season; subject to relatively rare, but potentially very destructive typhoons (especially in August)
Current issues note:
largest and southernmost island in the Mariana Islands archipelago; strategic location in western North Pacific Ocean 5,955 km west-southwest of
Honolulu about three-quarters of the way between Hawaii and the Philippines


Air pollutants

Sex ratio

Mothers mean age at first birth

Maternal mortality ratio

Infant mortality rate: 15 deaths/1000 live births (1992)

Life expectancy at birth: 72 years male, 76 years female (1992)

Total fertility rate: 2.5 children born/woman (1992)

Contraceptive prevalence rate

Drinking water source

Current health expenditure

Physicians density

Hospital bed density

Sanitation facility access

Hiv/Aids

Major infectious diseases

Obesity adult prevalence rate

Alcohol consumption

Tobacco use

Children under the age of 5 years underweight

Education expenditures

Literacy: 96% (male 96%, female 96%) age 15 and over can read and write (1980)

School life expectancy primary to tertiary education

Youth unemployment


Guam - Government 1992
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Country name
Conventional long form: Territory of Guam

Government type:
organized, unincorporated territory of the US; policy relations between Guam and the US are under the jurisdiction of the Office of
Territorial and International Affairs, US Department of the Interior


Capital: Agana

Administrative divisions: none (territory of the US)

Dependent areas

Independence: none (territory of the US)

National holiday:
Guam Discovery Day (first Monday in March), Liberation
Day (July 21), US Government holidays


Constitution: Organic Act of 1 August 1950

Legal system: NA

International law organization participation

Citizenship

Suffrage: universal at age 18; US citizens, but do not vote in US presidential elections
Governor: last held on 6 November 1990 (next to be held November 1994); results - Joseph F. ADA reelected
Legislature:
last held on 6 November 1990 (next to be held November 1992); a byelection was held in April 1991 to replace a deceased legislator, results - percent of vote by party NA; seats - (21 total) Democratic 11,
Republican 10

US House of Representatives: last held 6 November 1990 (next to be held 3 November 1992); Guam elects one nonvoting delegate; results - Ben BLAZ was elected as the nonacting delegate; seats - (1 total) Republican 1

Executive branch:
President of the US, governor, lieutenant governor,
Cabinet


Legislative branch: unicameral Legislature

Judicial branch:
Federal District Court of Guam, Territorial Superior
Court of Guam


Political parties and leaders

International organization participation: ESCAP (associate), IOC, SPC
Diplomatic representation: none (territory of the US)

Diplomatic representation

Flag descriptionflag of Guam: territorial flag is dark blue with a narrow red border on all four sides; centered is a red-bordered, pointed, vertical ellipse containing a beach scene, outrigger canoe with sail, and a palm tree with the word GUAM superimposed in bold red letters; US flag is the national flag

National symbols

National anthem

National heritage


Guam - Economy 1992
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Economy overview:
The economy is based on US military spending and on revenues from tourism. Over the past 20 years the tourist industry has grown rapidly, creating a construction boom for new hotels and the expansion of older ones.
Visitors numbered about 900,000 in 1990. The small manufacturing sector includes textiles and clothing, beverage, food, and watch production. About 60% of the labor force works for the private sector and the rest for government. Most food and industrial goods are imported, with about 75% from the US. In 1991 the unemployment rate was about 4.1%.

GNP: purchasing power equivalent - $2.0 billion, per capita $14,000; real growth rate NA% (1991 est.)

Real gdp purchasing power parity

Real gdp growth rate

Real gdp per capita ppp

Gross national saving
Gdp composition by sector of origin

Gdp composition by end use

Gdp composition by sector of origin

Agriculture products: relatively undeveloped with most food imported; fruits, vegetables, eggs, pork, poultry, beef, copra

Industries: US military, tourism, construction, transshipment services, concrete products, printing and publishing, food processing, textiles

Industrial production growth rate: growth rate NA%

Labor force: 46,930; federal and territorial government 40%, private 60% (trade 18%, services 15.6%, construction 13.8%, other 12.6%) (1990)
Organized labor: 13% of labor force
Labor force

Unemployment rate: 4.1% (1991 est.)

Youth unemployment

Population below poverty line

Gini index

Household income or consumption by percentage share

Distribution of family income gini index

Budget: revenues $525 million; expenditures $395 million, including capital expenditures of $NA.

Public debt

Taxes and other revenues

Revenue

Fiscal year: 1 October - 30 September

Current account balance

Inflation rate consumer prices

Central bank discount rate

Commercial bank prime lending rate

Stock of narrow money

Stock of broad money

Stock of domestic credit

Market value of publicly traded shares

Current account balance

Exports: $34 million (f.o.b., 1984)
Commodoties: mostly transshipments of refined petroleum products, construction materials, fish, food and beverage products
Partners: US 25%, Trust Territory of the Pacific Islands 63%, other 12%

Imports: $493 million (c.i.f., 1984)
Commodoties: petroleum and petroleum products, food, manufactured goods
Partners: US 23%, Japan 19%, other 58%

Reserves of foreign exchange and gold

Debt external

Stock of direct foreign investment at home

Stock of direct foreign investment abroad

Exchange rates: US currency is used


Guam - Energy 1992
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Electricity access

Electricity production: 500,000 kW capacity; 2,300 million kWh produced, 16,300 kWh per capita (1990)

Electricity consumption

Electricity exports

Electricity imports

Electricity installed generating capacity

Electricity transmission distribution losses

Electricity generation sources

Petroleum

Refined petroleum

Natural gas

Carbon dioxide emissions

Energy consumption per capita


Guam - Communication 1992
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Telephones fixed lines

Telephones mobile cellular

Telephone system

Broadcast media

Internet country code

Internet users

Broadband fixed subscriptions


Guam - Military 1992
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Military expenditures

Military and security forces

Military service age and obligation

Terrorist groups


Guam - Transportation 1992
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National air transport system

Civil aircraft registration country code prefix

Airports:
5 total, 4 usable; 3 with permanent-surface runways; none with runways over 3,659 m; 3
with runways 2,440-3,659 m; none
with runways 1,220-2,439 m


Airports with paved runways

Airports with unpaved runways

Heliports

Pipelines

Railways

Roadways

Waterways

Merchant marine

Ports and terminals


Guam - Transnational issues 1992
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Disputes international

Refugees and internally displaced persons

Illicit drugs


Thrifty Traveler


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