Slovenia 1992Slovenia

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Slovenia
Slovenia 

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Slovenia - Introduction 1992
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Background: In 1918 the Slovenes joined the Serbs and Croats in forming a new nation renamed Yugoslavia in 1929. After World War II Slovenia became a republic of the renewed Yugoslavia which though communist distanced itself from Moscow's rule. Dissatisfied with the exercise of power of the majority Serbs the Slovenes succeeded in establishing their independence in 1991. Historical ties to Western Europe make Slovenia a candidate for future membership in the EU.


Slovenia - Geography 1992
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Location

Geographic coordinates

Map reference

Area
Total: 20,296 km²
Land: 20,296 km²
Comparative: slightly larger than New Jersey

Land boundaries: 998 km total; Austria 262 km, Croatia 455 km, Italy 199 km, Hungary 83 km

Coastline: 32 km

Maritime claims
Contiguous zone: NA nm
Continental shelf: 200 m or to depth of exploitation
Exclusive economic zone: NA nm
Exclusive fishing zone: NA nm
Territorial sea: 12 nm
Disputes: dispute with Croatia over fishing rights in the Adriatic; small vocal minority in northern Italy seeks the return of parts of southwestern Slovenia

Climate: Mediterranean climate on the coast, continental climate with mild to hot summers and cold winters in the plateaus and valleys to the east

Terrain: a short coastal strip on the Adriatic, an alpine mountain region adjacent to Italy, mixed mountain and valleys with numerous rivers to the east

Elevation

Natural resources: lignite coal, lead, zinc, mercury, uranium, silver
Land use

Land use: arable land: 10%; permanent crops: 2%; meadows and pastures 20%; forest and woodland 45%; other 23%; includes irrigated 1%

Irrigated land

Major rivers

Major watersheds area km²

Total water withdrawal

Total renewable water resources

Natural hazards

Geography


Slovenia - People 1992
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Population: 1,963,000 (July 1992), growth rate 0.2% (1992)

Nationality: noun - Slovene(s; adjective - Slovenia

Ethnic groups: Slovene 91%, Croat 3%, Serb 2%, Muslim 1%, other 3%

Languages: Slovenian 91%, Serbo-Croatian 7%, other 2%

Religions: Roman Catholic 94%, Orthodox Catholic 2%, Muslim 1%, other 3%

Demographic profile
Age structure

Age structure

Dependency ratios

Median age

Population growth rate

Birth rate: NA births/1000 population (1992)

Death rate: NA deaths/1000 population (1992)

Net migration rate: NA migrants/1000 population (1992)

Population distribution

Urbanization

Major urban areas

Environment
Current issues: Sava River polluted with domestic and industrial waste; heavy metals and toxic chemicals along coastal waters; near Koper, forest damage from air pollutants originating at metallurgical and chemical plants; subject to flooding and earthquakes

Air pollutants

Sex ratio

Mothers mean age at first birth

Maternal mortality ratio

Infant mortality rate: NA deaths/1000 live births (1992)

Life expectancy at birth: 70 years male, 78 years female (1992)

Total fertility rate: NA children born/woman (1992)

Contraceptive prevalence rate

Drinking water source

Current health expenditure

Physicians density

Hospital bed density

Sanitation facility access

Hiv/Aids

Major infectious diseases

Obesity adult prevalence rate

Alcohol consumption

Tobacco use

Children under the age of 5 years underweight

Education expenditures

Literacy: 99.2% (male 99.3%, female 99.1%) age 10 and over can read and write

School life expectancy primary to tertiary education

Youth unemployment


Slovenia - Government 1992
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Country name
Conventional long form: Republic of Slovenia

Government type: emerging democracy

Capital: Ljubljana

Administrative divisions: 62 provinces (pokajine, singular - pokajina)

Dependent areas

Independence: 25 June 1991; 15 January 1992 from Yugoslavia

National holiday: NA

Constitution: adopted 23 December 1991, effective 23 December 1991

Legal system: based on civil law system

International law organization participation

Citizenship

Suffrage: at age 16 if employed, universal at age 18
President: last held NA (next to be held NA)
State Assembly: last held NA (next to be held NA);
State Council: last held NA (next to be held NA)
Communists: NA

Executive branch: president, 4 vice presidents

Legislative branch:
bicameral; consists of the State Assembly and the
State Council; note - will take effect after next election


Judicial branch: NA

Political parties and leaders

International organization participation: CSCE, IMF, UN
Diplomatic representation: Representative Ernest PETRIC; Chancery at 1300 19th Street NW, Washington, DC 20,036; telephone (202) 828-1650
US: Ambassador Ignac GOLOB, Embassy at NA (mailing address is APO AE 9,862); telephone NA

Diplomatic representation

Flag descriptionflag of Slovenia: a three color flag, white (hoist side), blue, and red of equal width with the Slovenian seal (a shield with the image of Triglav in white against a blue background at the center; beneath it are two wavy blue lines depicting seas and rivers; around it, there are three six-sided stars arranged in an inverted triangle; the seal is located in the upper hoist side of the flag centered in the white and blue band

National symbols

National anthem

National heritage


Slovenia - Economy 1992
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Economy overview:
Slovenia was by far the most prosperous of the old Yugoslav republics, with a per capita income more than twice the Yugoslav average, indeed not far below the levels in neighboring Austria and Italy. Because of its strong ties to Western Europe and the small scale of damage during internecine fighting in Yugoslavia, Slovenia has the brightest prospects among the former Yugoslav republics for economic reform and recovery over the next few years. The political and economic disintegration of Yugoslavia, however, has led to severe short-term dislocations in production, employment, and trade ties. For example, overall industrial production fell 10% in 1991; particularly hard hit were the iron and steel, machine-building, chemical, and textile industries. Meanwhile, fighting has continued in other republics leading to further destruction of long-established trade channels and to an influx of tens of thousands of
Croatian refugees. As in other former Communist areas in Eastern Europe, economic reform has often sputtered not only because of the vested interests of old bosses in retaining old rules of the game but also because of the tangible losses experienced by rank-and-file people in the transition to a more market-oriented system. The key program for breaking up and privatizing major industrial firms has not yet begun. Bright spots for encouraging
Western investors are Slovenia's comparatively well-educated work force, its developed infrastructure, and its Western business attitudes. Slovenia in absolute terms is a small economy, and a little Western investment would go a long way.

GDP: $21 billion, per capita $10,700; real growth rate -10% (1991 est.)

Real gdp purchasing power parity

Real gdp growth rate

Real gdp per capita ppp

Gross national saving
Gdp composition by sector of origin

Gdp composition by end use

Gdp composition by sector of origin

Agriculture products: dominated by stock breeding (sheep and cattle) and dairy farming; main crops are potatoes, hops, hemp, and flax; although self-sufficient and having an export surplus in these commodities, Slovenia must import many other agricultural products and has a negative overall trade balance in this sector

Industries: ferrous metallurgy and rolling mill products, aluminum reduction and rolled products, lead and zinc smelting, electronics (including military electronics), trucks, electric power equipment, wood products, textiles, chemicals, machine tools

Industrial production growth rate: industrial production has been declining at a rate of about 1% per month (1991-92), mostly because of lost markets in the other former Yugoslav republics

Labor force: 786,036; 2% agriculture, manufacturing and mining 46%
Organized labor: NA
Labor force

Unemployment rate: 10% (April 1992)

Youth unemployment

Population below poverty line

Gini index

Household income or consumption by percentage share

Distribution of family income gini index

Budget: revenues $NA; expenditures $NA, including capital expenditures of $NA

Public debt

Taxes and other revenues

Revenue

Fiscal year: calendar year

Current account balance

Inflation rate consumer prices

Central bank discount rate

Commercial bank prime lending rate

Stock of narrow money

Stock of broad money

Stock of domestic credit

Market value of publicly traded shares

Current account balance

Exports: $4,120 million (f.o.b., 1990)
Commodoties: machinery and transport equipment 38%, other manufactured goods 44%, chemicals 9%, food and live animals 4.6%, raw materials 3%, beverages and tobacco less than 1%
Partners:
principally the other former Yugoslav republics, Austria, and
Italy


Imports: $4,679 million (c.i.f., 1990)
Commodoties: machinery and transport equipment 35%, other manufactured goods 26.7%, chemicals 14.5%, raw materials 9.4%, fuels and lubricants 7%, food and live animals 6%
Partners: principally the other former Yugoslav republics, Germany, former USSR, US, Hungary, Italy, and Austria

Reserves of foreign exchange and gold

Debt external

Stock of direct foreign investment at home

Stock of direct foreign investment abroad

Exchange rates: Tolars (SLT) per US$1 - 28 (January 1992)


Slovenia - Energy 1992
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Electricity access

Electricity production: 2,900,000 kW capacity; 12,250 million kWh produced, 6,447 kWh per capita (1991)

Electricity consumption

Electricity exports

Electricity imports

Electricity installed generating capacity

Electricity transmission distribution losses

Electricity generation sources

Petroleum

Refined petroleum

Natural gas

Carbon dioxide emissions

Energy consumption per capita


Slovenia - Communication 1992
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Telephones fixed lines

Telephones mobile cellular

Telephone system

Broadcast media

Internet country code

Internet users

Broadband fixed subscriptions


Slovenia - Military 1992
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Military expenditures
Percent of gdp:
exchange rate conversion - 13.5 billion Slovene
Tolars, 4.5% of GDP (1992); note - conversion of the military budget into US dollars using the current exchange rate could produce misleading results


Military and security forces

Military service age and obligation

Terrorist groups


Slovenia - Transportation 1992
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National air transport system

Civil aircraft registration country code prefix

Airports: 3 main airports

Airports with paved runways

Airports with unpaved runways

Heliports

Pipelines: crude oil 290 km, natural gas 305 km

Railways

Roadways

Waterways: NA

Merchant marine: 0 ships (1,000 GRT or over) are under Slovenian flag; note - Slovenian owners control 21 ships (1,000 GRT or over) totaling 334,995 GRT/558,621 DWT; includes 14 bulk carriers and 7 general cargo ships all under Saint Vincent and the Grenadines flag
Civil air: NA major transport aircraft

Ports and terminals


Slovenia - Transnational issues 1992
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Disputes international

Refugees and internally displaced persons

Illicit drugs: NA


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