South Georgia and the South Sandwich Islands 1992South%20Georgia%20and%20the%20South%20Sandwich%20Islands

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South Georgia and the South Sandwich Islands
South Georgia and the South Sandwich Islands 

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South Georgia and the South Sandwich Islands - Introduction 1992
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Background: The islands lie approximately 1000 km east of the Falkland Islands. Grytviken on South Georgia was a 19th and early 20th century whaling station. The famed explorer Ernest SHACKLETON stopped there in 1914 en route to his ill-fated attempt to cross Antarctica on foot. He returned some 20 months later with a few companions in a small boat and arranged a successful rescue for the rest of his crew stranded off the Antarctic Peninsula. He died in 1922 on a subsequent expedition and is buried in Grytviken. Today the station houses a small military garrison. The islands have large bird and seal populations.


South Georgia and the South Sandwich Islands - Geography 1992
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Location

Geographic coordinates

Map reference

Area
Total: 4,066 km²; Land area: 4,066 km²; includes Shag and Clerke Rocks, South Georgia,; Bird Island, South Sandwich Islands; Comparative area: slightly larger than Rhode Island

Land boundaries: none

Coastline: undetermined

Maritime claims: Territorial sea: 12 nm; Disputes: administered by the UK, claimed by Argentina

Climate: variable, with mostly westerly winds throughout the year, interspersed with periods of calm; nearly all precipitation falls as snow

Terrain: most of the islands, rising steeply from the sea, are rugged and mountainous; South Georgia is largely barren and has steep, glacier-covered mountains; the South Sandwich Islands are of volcanic origin with some active volcanoes

Elevation

Natural resources: fish
Land use

Land use: arable land: 0%; permanent crops: 0%; meadows and pastures 0%; forest and woodland 0%; other 100%; largely covered by permanent ice and snow with some sparse vegetation consisting of grass, moss, and lichen

Irrigated land

Major rivers

Major watersheds area km²

Total water withdrawal

Total renewable water resources

Natural hazards

Geography


South Georgia and the South Sandwich Islands - People 1992
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Population: no permanent population; there is a small military garrison on South Georgia, and the British Antarctic Survey has a biological station on Bird Island; the South Sandwich Islands are uninhabited; Long-form name: South Georgia and the South Sandwich Islands (no short-form name)

Nationality

Ethnic groups

Languages

Religions

Demographic profile
Age structure

Age structure

Dependency ratios

Median age

Population growth rate

Birth rate

Death rate

Net migration rate

Population distribution

Urbanization

Major urban areas

Environment
Current issues: reindeer, introduced early in this century, live on South; Georgia; weather conditions generally make it difficult to approach the; South Sandwich Islands; the South Sandwich Islands are subject to active volcanism; Note: the north coast of South Georgia has several large bays, which provide good anchorage

Air pollutants

Sex ratio

Mothers mean age at first birth

Maternal mortality ratio

Infant mortality rate

Life expectancy at birth

Total fertility rate

Contraceptive prevalence rate

Drinking water source

Current health expenditure

Physicians density

Hospital bed density

Sanitation facility access

Hiv/Aids

Major infectious diseases

Obesity adult prevalence rate

Alcohol consumption

Tobacco use

Children under the age of 5 years underweight

Education expenditures

Literacy

School life expectancy primary to tertiary education

Youth unemployment


South Georgia and the South Sandwich Islands - Government 1992
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Country name

Government type: dependent territory of the UK

Capital: none; Grytviken on South Georgia is the garrison town

Administrative divisions: none (dependent territory of the UK)

Dependent areas

Independence: none (dependent territory of the UK)

National holiday: Liberation Day, 14 June (1982)

Constitution: 3 October 1985

Legal system: English common law

International law organization participation

Citizenship

Suffrage

Executive branch: British monarch, commissioner

Legislative branch: none

Judicial branch: none

Political parties and leaders

International organization participation

Diplomatic representation

Flag descriptionflag of South%20Georgia%20and%20the%20South%20Sandwich%20Islands

National symbols

National anthem

National heritage


South Georgia and the South Sandwich Islands - Economy 1992
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Economy overview: Some fishing takes place in adjacent waters. There is a potential source of income from harvesting fin fish and krill. The islands receive income from postage stamps produced in the UK.

Real gdp purchasing power parity

Real gdp growth rate

Real gdp per capita ppp

Gross national saving
Gdp composition by sector of origin

Gdp composition by end use

Gdp composition by sector of origin

Agriculture products

Industries

Industrial production growth rate

Labor force
Labor force

Unemployment rate

Youth unemployment

Population below poverty line

Gini index

Household income or consumption by percentage share

Distribution of family income gini index

Budget: revenues $291,777; expenditures $451,011, including capital expenditures of $N/A (FY88 est.)

Public debt

Taxes and other revenues

Revenue

Fiscal year

Current account balance

Inflation rate consumer prices

Central bank discount rate

Commercial bank prime lending rate

Stock of narrow money

Stock of broad money

Stock of domestic credit

Market value of publicly traded shares

Current account balance

Exports

Imports

Reserves of foreign exchange and gold

Debt external

Stock of direct foreign investment at home

Stock of direct foreign investment abroad

Exchange rates


South Georgia and the South Sandwich Islands - Energy 1992
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Electricity access

Electricity production: 900 kW capacity; 2 million kWh produced, NA kWh per capita (1990)

Electricity consumption

Electricity exports

Electricity imports

Electricity installed generating capacity

Electricity transmission distribution losses

Electricity generation sources

Petroleum

Refined petroleum

Natural gas

Carbon dioxide emissions

Energy consumption per capita


South Georgia and the South Sandwich Islands - Communication 1992
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Telephones fixed lines

Telephones mobile cellular

Telephone system

Broadcast media

Internet country code

Internet users

Broadband fixed subscriptions


South Georgia and the South Sandwich Islands - Military 1992
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Military expenditures

Military and security forces

Military service age and obligation

Terrorist groups


South Georgia and the South Sandwich Islands - Transportation 1992
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National air transport system

Civil aircraft registration country code prefix

Airports: 5 total, 5 usable; 2 with permanent-surface runways; 1 with runway 2,440-3,659 m

Airports with paved runways

Airports with unpaved runways

Heliports

Pipelines

Railways

Roadways

Waterways

Merchant marine

Ports and terminals


South Georgia and the South Sandwich Islands - Transnational issues 1992
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Disputes international

Refugees and internally displaced persons

Illicit drugs


Condor


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