Spratly Islands 1992Spratly%20Islands

 Spratly Islands | | | | | |
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Spratly Islands
Spratly Islands 

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Spratly Islands - Introduction 1992
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Background: Rich fishing grounds and the potential for gas and oil deposits have caused this archipelago to be claimed in its entirety by China Taiwan and Vietnam while portions are claimed by Malaysia and the Philippines. All five parties have occupied certain islands or reefs and occasional clashes have occurred between Chinese and Vietnamese naval forces


Spratly Islands - Geography 1992
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Location

Geographic coordinates

Map reference

Area
Total: NA but less than 5 km²
Land: less than 5 km²; includes 100 or so islets, coral reefs, and sea mounts scattered over the South China Sea
Comparative: undetermined

Land boundaries: none

Coastline: 926 km

Maritime claims: undetermined
Disputes:
all of the Spratly Islands are claimed by China, Taiwan, and
Vietnam; parts of them are claimed by Malaysia and the Philippines; in 1984,
Brunei established an exclusive economic zone, which encompasses Louisa
Reef, but has not publicly claimed the island


Climate: tropical

Terrain: flat

Elevation

Natural resources: fish, guano; undetermined oil and natural gas potential
Land use

Land use: arable land: 0%; permanent crops: 0%; meadows and pastures 0%; forest and woodland 0%; other 100%

Irrigated land

Major rivers

Major watersheds area km²

Total water withdrawal

Total renewable water resources

Natural hazards

Geography


Spratly Islands - People 1992
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Population: no permanent inhabitants; garrisons
Longform name: none

Nationality

Ethnic groups

Languages

Religions

Demographic profile
Age structure

Age structure

Dependency ratios

Median age

Population growth rate

Birth rate

Death rate

Net migration rate

Population distribution

Urbanization

Major urban areas

Environment
Current issues: subject to typhoons; includes numerous small islands, atolls, shoals, and coral reefs
Current issues note: strategically located near several primary shipping lanes in the central South China Sea; serious navigational hazard

Air pollutants

Sex ratio

Mothers mean age at first birth

Maternal mortality ratio

Infant mortality rate

Life expectancy at birth

Total fertility rate

Contraceptive prevalence rate

Drinking water source

Current health expenditure

Physicians density

Hospital bed density

Sanitation facility access

Hiv/Aids

Major infectious diseases

Obesity adult prevalence rate

Alcohol consumption

Tobacco use

Children under the age of 5 years underweight

Education expenditures

Literacy

School life expectancy primary to tertiary education

Youth unemployment


Spratly Islands - Government 1992
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Country name

Government type

Capital

Administrative divisions

Dependent areas

Independence

National holiday

Constitution

Legal system

International law organization participation

Citizenship

Suffrage

Executive branch

Legislative branch

Judicial branch

Political parties and leaders

International organization participation

Diplomatic representation

Flag descriptionflag of Spratly%20Islands

National symbols

National anthem

National heritage


Spratly Islands - Economy 1992
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Economy overview: Economic activity is limited to commercial fishing, proximity to nearby oil- and gas-producing sedimentary basins suggests the potential for oil and gas deposits, but the Spratlys region is largely unexplored, and there are no reliable estimates of potential reserves; commercial exploitation has yet to be developed.

Real gdp purchasing power parity

Real gdp growth rate

Real gdp per capita ppp

Gross national saving
Gdp composition by sector of origin

Gdp composition by end use

Gdp composition by sector of origin

Agriculture products

Industries: none

Industrial production growth rate

Labor force
Labor force

Unemployment rate

Youth unemployment

Population below poverty line

Gini index

Household income or consumption by percentage share

Distribution of family income gini index

Budget

Public debt

Taxes and other revenues

Revenue

Fiscal year

Current account balance

Inflation rate consumer prices

Central bank discount rate

Commercial bank prime lending rate

Stock of narrow money

Stock of broad money

Stock of domestic credit

Market value of publicly traded shares

Current account balance

Exports

Imports

Reserves of foreign exchange and gold

Debt external

Stock of direct foreign investment at home

Stock of direct foreign investment abroad

Exchange rates


Spratly Islands - Energy 1992
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Electricity access

Electricity production

Electricity consumption

Electricity exports

Electricity imports

Electricity installed generating capacity

Electricity transmission distribution losses

Electricity generation sources

Petroleum

Refined petroleum

Natural gas

Carbon dioxide emissions

Energy consumption per capita


Spratly Islands - Communication 1992
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Telephones fixed lines

Telephones mobile cellular

Telephone system

Broadcast media

Internet country code

Internet users

Broadband fixed subscriptions


Spratly Islands - Military 1992
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Military expenditures

Military and security forces

Military service age and obligation

Terrorist groups


Spratly Islands - Transportation 1992
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National air transport system

Civil aircraft registration country code prefix

Airports:
2 total, 2 usable; none
with runways over 2,439 m; 1 with runways 1,220-2,439 m

Note:
44 small islands or reefs are occupied by China, Malaysia, the
Philippines, Taiwan, and Vietnam


Airports with paved runways

Airports with unpaved runways

Heliports

Pipelines

Railways

Roadways

Waterways

Merchant marine

Ports and terminals


Spratly Islands - Transnational issues 1992
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Disputes international

Refugees and internally displaced persons

Illicit drugs


Fidel Crest


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