Western Samoa 1992Western%20Samoa

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Western Samoa
Western Samoa 

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Western Samoa - Introduction 1992
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Background: New Zealand occupied the German protectorate of Western Samoa at the outbreak of World War I in 1914. It continued to administer the islands as a mandate and then as a trust territory until 1962 when the islands became the first Polynesian nation to reestablish independence in the 20th century.


Western Samoa - Geography 1992
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Location

Geographic coordinates

Map reference

Area
Total: 2,860 km²; Land area: 2,850 km²; Comparative area: slightly smaller than Rhode Island

Land boundaries: none

Coastline: 403 km

Maritime claims: Exclusive economic zone: 200 nm; Territorial sea: 12 nm; Disputes: none

Climate: tropical; rainy season (October to March), dry season (May to; October)

Terrain: narrow coastal plain with volcanic, rocky, rugged mountains in interior

Elevation

Natural resources: hardwood forests, fish
Land use

Land use: arable land: 19%; permanent crops: 24%; meadows and pastures; NEGL%; forest and woodland 47%; other 10%

Irrigated land

Major rivers

Major watersheds area km²

Total water withdrawal

Total renewable water resources

Natural hazards

Geography


Western Samoa - People 1992
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Population: 194,992 (July 1992), growth rate 2.4% (1992)

Nationality: noun - Western Samoan(s); adjective - Western Samoan

Ethnic groups: Samoan; Euronesians (persons of European and; Polynesian blood) about 7%, Europeans 0.4%

Languages: Samoan (Polynesian), English

Religions: Christian 99.7% (about half of population associated with the; London Missionary Society; includes Congregational, Roman Catholic,; Methodist, Latter Day Saints, Seventh-Day Adventist)

Demographic profile
Age structure

Age structure

Dependency ratios

Median age

Population growth rate

Birth rate: 34 births/1000 population (1992)

Death rate: 6 deaths/1000 population (1992)

Net migration rate: -4 migrants/1000 population (1992)

Population distribution

Urbanization

Major urban areas

Environment
Current issues: subject to occasional typhoons; active volcanism; Note: located 4,300 km southwest of Honolulu in the South Pacific Ocean about halfway between Hawaii and New Zealand

Air pollutants

Sex ratio

Mothers mean age at first birth

Maternal mortality ratio

Infant mortality rate: 40 deaths/1000 live births (1992)

Life expectancy at birth: 65 years male, 70 years female (1992)

Total fertility rate: 4.4 children born/woman (1992)

Contraceptive prevalence rate

Drinking water source

Current health expenditure

Physicians density

Hospital bed density

Sanitation facility access

Hiv/Aids

Major infectious diseases

Obesity adult prevalence rate

Alcohol consumption

Tobacco use

Children under the age of 5 years underweight

Education expenditures

Literacy: 97% (male 97%, female 97%) age 15 and over can read and write (1971)

School life expectancy primary to tertiary education

Youth unemployment


Western Samoa - Government 1992
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Country name

Government type: constitutional monarchy under native chief

Capital: Apia

Administrative divisions: 11 districts; A`ana, Aiga-i-le-Tai, Atua,; Fa`asaleleaga, Gaga`emauga, Gagaifomauga, Palauli, Satupa`itea, Tuamasaga,; Va`a-o-Fonoti, Vaisigano

Dependent areas

Independence: 1 January 1962 (from UN trusteeship administered by New; Zealand)

National holiday: National Day, 1 June

Constitution: 1 January 1962

Legal system: based on English common law and local customs; judicial review of legislative acts with respect to fundamental rights of the citizen; has not accepted compulsory ICJ jurisdiction

International law organization participation

Citizenship

Suffrage: universal adult over age 21, but only matai (head of family) are able to run for the Legislative Assembly; Legislative Assembly: last held NA February 1991 (next to be held by NA; February 1994); results - percent of vote by party NA; seats - (47 total); HRPP 30, SNDP 14, independents 3

Executive branch: chief, Executive Council, prime minister, Cabinet

Legislative branch: unicameral Legislative Assembly (Fono)

Judicial branch: Supreme Court, Court of Appeal

Political parties and leaders

International organization participation: ACP, AsDB, C, ESCAP, FAO, G-77, IBRD, ICFTU, IDA, IFAD, IFC,; IMF, IOC, ITU, LORCS, SPC, SPF, UN, UNCTAD, UNESCO, UPU, WHO; Diplomatic representation: Ambassador Fili (Felix) Tuaopepe WENDT;; Chancery (temporary) at suite 510, 1155 15th Street NW, Washington, DC 20,005; telephone (202) 833-1743; US: the ambassador to New Zealand is accredited to Western Samoa (mailing address is P.O. Box 3,430, Apia); telephone (685) 21-631; FAX (685) 22-030

Diplomatic representation

Flag descriptionflag of Western%20Samoa: red with a blue rectangle in the upper hoist-side quadrant bearing five white five-pointed stars representing the Southern Cross constellation

National symbols

National anthem

National heritage


Western Samoa - Economy 1992
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Economy overview: Agriculture employs more than half of the labor force, contributes 50% to GDP, and furnishes 90% of exports. The bulk of export earnings comes from the sale of coconut oil and copra. The economy depends on emigrant remittances and foreign aid to support a level of imports several times export earnings. Tourism has become the most important growth industry, and construction of the first international hotel is under way.; GDP: exchange rate conversion - $115 million, per capita $690 (1989); real growth rate -4.5% (1990 est.)

Real gdp purchasing power parity

Real gdp growth rate

Real gdp per capita ppp

Gross national saving
Gdp composition by sector of origin

Gdp composition by end use

Gdp composition by sector of origin

Agriculture products: accounts for 50% of GDP; coconuts, fruit (including bananas, taro, yams)

Industries: timber, tourism, food processing, fishing

Industrial production growth rate: growth rate -4% (1990 est.); accounts for 14% of; GDP

Labor force: 38,000; 22,000 employed in agriculture (1987 est.); Organized labor: Public Service Association (PSA); Long-form name: Independent State of Western Samoa
Labor force

Unemployment rate: NA%; shortage of skilled labor

Youth unemployment

Population below poverty line

Gini index

Household income or consumption by percentage share

Distribution of family income gini index

Budget: revenues $95.3 million; expenditures $95.4 million, including capital expenditures of $41 million (FY92)

Public debt

Taxes and other revenues

Revenue

Fiscal year: calendar year

Current account balance

Inflation rate consumer prices

Central bank discount rate

Commercial bank prime lending rate

Stock of narrow money

Stock of broad money

Stock of domestic credit

Market value of publicly traded shares

Current account balance

Exports: $9 million (f.o.b., 1990)
Commodoties: coconut oil and cream 54%, taro 12%, copra 9%, cocoa 3%
Partners: NZ 28%, American Samoa 23%, Germany 22%, US 6% (1990)

Imports: $75 million (c.i.f., 1990)
Commodoties: intermediate goods 58%, food 17%, capital goods 12%
Partners: New Zealand 41%, Australia 18%, Japan 13%, UK 6%, US 6%

Reserves of foreign exchange and gold

Debt external

Stock of direct foreign investment at home

Stock of direct foreign investment abroad

Exchange rates: tala (WS$) per US$1 - 2,4,284 (March 1992), 2,3,975 (1991), 2.3095 (1990), 2.2686 (1989), 2.0790 (1988), 2.1204 (1987)


Western Samoa - Energy 1992
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Electricity access

Electricity production: 29,000 kW capacity; 45 million kWh produced, 240 kWh per capita (1990)

Electricity consumption

Electricity exports

Electricity imports

Electricity installed generating capacity

Electricity transmission distribution losses

Electricity generation sources

Petroleum

Refined petroleum

Natural gas

Carbon dioxide emissions

Energy consumption per capita


Western Samoa - Communication 1992
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Telephones fixed lines

Telephones mobile cellular

Telephone system

Broadcast media

Internet country code

Internet users

Broadband fixed subscriptions


Western Samoa - Military 1992
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Military expenditures
Percent of gdp: exchange rate conversion - $N/A, NA% of GDP

Military and security forces

Military service age and obligation

Terrorist groups


Western Samoa - Transportation 1992
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National air transport system

Civil aircraft registration country code prefix

Airports: 3 total, 3 usable; 1 with permanent-surface runways; none with runways over 3,659 m; 1; with runways 2,440-3,659 m; none; with runways 1,220-2,439 m

Airports with paved runways

Airports with unpaved runways

Heliports

Pipelines

Railways

Roadways

Waterways

Merchant marine: 1 roll-on/roll-off ship (1,000 GRT or over) totaling 3,838 GRT/5,536 DWT; Civil air: 3 major transport aircraft

Ports and terminals


Western Samoa - Transnational issues 1992
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Disputes international

Refugees and internally displaced persons

Illicit drugs


Airhelp


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