Statistical information American Samoa 1992American%20Samoa

Map of American Samoa | Geography | People | Government | Economy | Energy | Communication
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American Samoa in the World
American Samoa in the World


American Samoa - Introduction 1992
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Background: Settled as early as 1000 B. C. Samoa was 'discovered' by European explorers in the 18th century. International rivalries in the latter half of the 19th century were settled by an 1899 treaty in which Germany and the US divided the Samoan archipelago. The US formally occupied its portion - a smaller group of eastern islands with the excellent harbor of Pago Pago - the following year.

American Samoa - Geography 1992
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Geographic coordinates

Map reference

Total: 199 km²
Land: 199 km²; includes Rose Island and Swains Island
Comparative: slightly larger than Washington, DC

Land boundaries: none

Coastline: 116 km

Maritime claims
Contiguous zone: 12 nm
Continental shelf: 200 m (depth)
Exclusive economic zone: 200 nm
Territorial sea: 12 nm
Disputes: none

Climate: tropical marine, moderated by southeast trade winds; annual rainfall averages 124 inches; rainy season from November to April, dry season from May to October; little seasonal temperature variation

Terrain: five volcanic islands with rugged peaks and limited coastal plains, two coral atolls


Natural resources: pumice and pumicite
Land use

Land use: arable land: 10%; permanent crops: 5%; meadows and pastures 0%; forest and woodland 75%; other 10%

Irrigated land

Major rivers

Major watersheds area km²

Total water withdrawal

Total renewable water resources

Natural hazards


American Samoa - People 1992
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51,115 (July 1992), growth rate 3.9% (1992); about 65,000
American Samoans live in the states of California and Washington and 20,000 in Hawaii

Nationality: noun - American Samoan(s; adjective - American Samoan; US, noncitizen nationals

Ethnic groups: Samoan (Polynesian) 90%, Caucasian 2%, Tongan 2%, other 6%

Languages: Samoan (closely related to Hawaiian and other Polynesian languages) and English; most people are bilingual

Christian Congregationalist 50%, Roman Catholic 20%,
Protestant denominations and other 30%

Demographic profile
Age structure

Age structure

Dependency ratios

Median age

Population growth rate

Birth rate: 37 births/1000 population (1992)

Death rate: 4 deaths/1000 population (1992)

Net migration rate: 6 immigrants/1000 population (1992)

Population distribution


Major urban areas

Current issues: typhoons common from December to March
Current issues note:
Pago Pago has one of the best natural deepwater harbors in the
South Pacific Ocean, sheltered by shape from rough seas and protected by peripheral mountains from high winds; strategic location about 3,700 km south-southwest of Honolulu in the South Pacific Ocean about halfway between
Hawaii and New Zealand

Air pollutants

Sex ratio

Mothers mean age at first birth

Maternal mortality ratio

Infant mortality rate: 19 deaths/1000 live births (1992)

Life expectancy at birth: 71 years male, 75 years female (1992)

Total fertility rate: 4.5 children born/woman (1992)

Contraceptive prevalence rate

Drinking water source

Current health expenditure

Physicians density

Hospital bed density

Sanitation facility access


Major infectious diseases

Obesity adult prevalence rate

Alcohol consumption

Tobacco use

Children under the age of 5 years underweight

Education expenditures

Literacy: 97% (male 97%, female 97%) age 15 and over can read and write (1980)

School life expectancy primary to tertiary education

Youth unemployment

American Samoa - Government 1992
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Country name
Conventional long form: Territory of American Samoa

Government type: unincorporated and unorganized territory of the US;

Capital: Pago Pago

Administrative divisions: none (territory of the US)

Dependent areas

Independence: none (territory of the US)

National holiday: Territorial Flag Day, 17 April (1900)

Constitution: ratified 1966, in effect 1967; note - a comprehensive revision is awaiting ratification by the US Congress (1992)

Legal system

International law organization participation


Suffrage: universal at age 18; indigenous inhabitants are US nationals, not US citizens
Governor: last held 7 November 1988 (next to be held November 1992); results - Peter T. COLEMAN was elected (percent of vote NA)
House of Representatives:
last held November 1990 (next to be held
November 1992); results - representatives popularly elected from 17 house districts; seats - (21 total, 20 elected, and 1 nonvoting delegate from
Swain's Island)

Senate: last held 7 November 1988 (next to be held November 1992); results - senators elected by county councils from 12 senate districts; seats - (18 total) number of seats by party NA
US House of Representatives:
last held 19 November 1990 (next to be held
November 1992); results - Eni R. F. H. FALEOMAVAEGA reelected as a nonvoting delegate

Executive branch: popularly elected governor and lieutenant governor

Legislative branch: bicameral Legislative Assembly (Fono) consists of an upper house or Senate and a lower house or House of Representatives

Judicial branch: High Court, district courts, and village courts

Political parties and leaders

International organization participation: ESCAP, IOC, SPC
Diplomatic representation: none (territory of the US)

Diplomatic representation

Flag descriptionflag of American%20Samoa: blue with a white triangle edged in red that is based on the fly side and extends to the hoist side; a brown and white American bald eagle flying toward the hoist side is carrying two traditional Samoan symbols of authority, a staff and a war club

National symbols

National anthem

National heritage

American Samoa - Economy 1992
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Economy overview:
Economic development is strongly linked to the US, with which
American Samoa does nearly 90% of its foreign trade. Tuna fishing and tuna processing plants are the backbone of the private-sector economy, with canned tuna the primary export. The tuna canneries and the government are by far the two largest employers. Other economic activities include a slowly developing tourist industry.

GNP: purchasing power equivalent - $128 million, per capita $2,500; real growth rate NA% (1990)

Real gdp purchasing power parity

Real gdp growth rate

Real gdp per capita ppp

Gross national saving
Gdp composition by sector of origin

Gdp composition by end use

Gdp composition by sector of origin

Agriculture products: bananas, coconuts, vegetables, taro, breadfruit, yams, copra, pineapples, papayas, dairy farming

Industries: tuna canneries (largely dependent on foreign supplies of raw tuna), meat canning, handicrafts

Industrial production growth rate: growth rate NA%

Labor force: 14,400 (1990); government 48%, tuna canneries 33%, other 19% (1986 est.)
Organized labor: NA
Labor force

Unemployment rate: 12% (1991)

Youth unemployment

Population below poverty line

Gini index

Household income or consumption by percentage share

Distribution of family income gini index

Budget: revenues $126,394,000 (consisting of $46,441,000 local revenue and $79,953,000 grant revenue; including capital expenditures of $NA million (1990)

Public debt

Taxes and other revenues


Fiscal year: 1 October - 30 September

Current account balance

Inflation rate consumer prices

Central bank discount rate

Commercial bank prime lending rate

Stock of narrow money

Stock of broad money

Stock of domestic credit

Market value of publicly traded shares

Current account balance

Exports: $307 million (f.o.b., 1989)
Commodoties: canned tuna 93%
Partners: US 99.6%

Imports: $377.9 million (c.i.f., 1989)
Commodoties: materials for canneries 56%, food 8%, petroleum 7%, machinery and parts 6%
Partners: US 72%, Japan 7%, NZ 7%, Australia 5%, other 9%

Reserves of foreign exchange and gold

Debt external

Stock of direct foreign investment at home

Stock of direct foreign investment abroad

Exchange rates: US currency is used

American Samoa - Energy 1992
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Electricity access

Electricity production: 42,000 kW capacity; 85 million kWh produced, 2,020 kWh per capita (1990)

Electricity consumption

Electricity exports

Electricity imports

Electricity installed generating capacity

Electricity transmission distribution losses

Electricity generation sources


Refined petroleum

Natural gas

Carbon dioxide emissions

Energy consumption per capita

American Samoa - Communication 1992
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Telephones fixed lines

Telephones mobile cellular

Telephone system

Broadcast media

Internet country code

Internet users

Broadband fixed subscriptions

American Samoa - Military 1992
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Military expenditures

Military and security forces

Military service age and obligation

Terrorist groups

American Samoa - Transportation 1992
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National air transport system

Civil aircraft registration country code prefix

4 total, 4 usable; 2 with permanent-surface runways; none with runways over 3,659 m; 1
with runways 2,440 to 3,659 m (international airport at Tafuna, near Pago Pago); small airstrips on Ta'u and Ofu

Airports with paved runways

Airports with unpaved runways






Merchant marine

Ports and terminals

American Samoa - Transnational issues 1992
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Disputes international

Refugees and internally displaced persons

Illicit drugs


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