Statistical information Andorra 1992Andorra

Map of Andorra | Geography | People | Government | Economy | Energy | Communication
Military | Transportation | Transnational Issues | Year:  | More stats

Andorra in the World
Andorra in the World

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Andorra - Introduction 1992
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Background: Long isolated and impoverished mountainous Andorra has achieved considerable prosperity since World War II through its tourist industry. Many immigrants (legal and illegal) are attracted to the thriving economy with its lack of income taxes.


Andorra - Geography 1992
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Location

Geographic coordinates

Map reference

Area
Total: 450 km²
Land: 450 km²
Comparative: slightly more than 2.5 times the size of Washington, DC

Land boundaries: 125 km total; France 60 km, Spain 65 km

Coastline: none - landlocked

Maritime claims: none - landlocked
Disputes: none

Climate: temperate; snowy, cold winters and cool, dry summers

Terrain: rugged mountains dissected by narrow valleys

Elevation

Natural resources: hydropower, mineral water, timber, iron ore, lead
Land use

Land use: arable land: 2%; permanent crops: 0%; meadows and pastures 56%; forest and woodland 22%; other 20%

Irrigated land

Major rivers

Major watersheds area km²

Total water withdrawal

Total renewable water resources

Natural hazards

Geography


Andorra - People 1992
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Population: 54,428 (July 1992), growth rate 2.2% (1992)

Nationality: noun - Andorran(s; adjective - Andorran

Ethnic groups: Catalan stock; Spanish 61%, Andorran 30%, French 6%, other 3%

Languages: Catalan (official; many also speak some French and Castilian

Religions: virtually all Roman Catholic

Demographic profile
Age structure

Age structure

Dependency ratios

Median age

Population growth rate

Birth rate: 11 births/1000 population (1992)

Death rate: 4 deaths/1000 population (1992)

Net migration rate: 15 migrants/1000 population (1992)

Population distribution

Urbanization

Major urban areas

Environment
Current issues: deforestation, overgrazing
Current issues note: landlocked

Air pollutants

Sex ratio

Mothers mean age at first birth

Maternal mortality ratio

Infant mortality rate: 7 deaths/1000 live births (1992)

Life expectancy at birth: 74 years male, 81 years female (1992)

Total fertility rate: 1.3 children born/woman (1992)

Contraceptive prevalence rate

Drinking water source

Current health expenditure

Physicians density

Hospital bed density

Sanitation facility access

Hiv/Aids

Major infectious diseases

Obesity adult prevalence rate

Alcohol consumption

Tobacco use

Children under the age of 5 years underweight

Education expenditures

Literacy: NA% (male NA%, female NA%)

School life expectancy primary to tertiary education

Youth unemployment


Andorra - Government 1992
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Country name
Conventional long form: Principality of Andorra

Government type:
unique coprincipality under formal sovereignty of president of
France and Spanish bishop of Seo de Urgel, who are represented locally by officials called veguers


Capital: Andorra la Vella

Administrative divisions:
7 parishes (parroquies, singular - parroquia);
Andorra, Canillo, Encamp, La Massana, Les Escaldes, Ordino, Sant Julia de
Loria


Dependent areas

Independence: 1278

National holiday: Mare de Deu de Meritxell, 8 September

Constitution: none; some pareatges and decrees, mostly custom and usage

Legal system: based on French and Spanish civil codes; no judicial review of legislative acts; has not accepted compulsory ICJ jurisdiction

International law organization participation

Citizenship

Suffrage: universal at age 18
General Council of the Valleys: last held 11 December 1989 (next to be held December 1993); results - percent of vote by party NA; seats - (28 total) number of seats by party NA

Executive branch:
two co-princes (president of France, bishop of Seo de
Urgel in Spain), two designated representatives (French veguer, Episcopal veguer), two permanent delegates (French prefect for the department of
Pyrenees-Orientales, Spanish vicar general for the Seo de Urgel diocese), president of government, Executive Council


Legislative branch:
unicameral General Council of the Valleys (Consell
General de las Valls)


Judicial branch: civil cases - Supreme Court of Andorra at Perpignan (France) or the Ecclesiastical Court of the bishop of Seo de Urgel (Spain; criminal cases - Tribunal of the Courts (Tribunal des Cortes)

Political parties and leaders

International organization participation: INTERPOL, IOC
Diplomatic representation: Andorra has no mission in the US
US:
includes Andorra within the Barcelona (Spain) Consular District, and the US Consul General visits Andorra periodically; Consul General Carolee
HEILEMAN; Consulate General at Via Layetana 33, 8,003 Barcelona (mailing address APO AE 9,646); telephone 34 (3) 319-9,550


Diplomatic representation

Flag descriptionflag of Andorra: three equal vertical bands of blue (hoist side), yellow, and red with the national coat of arms centered in the yellow band; the coat of arms features a quartered shield; similar to the flags of Chad and Romania that do not have a national coat of arms in the center

National symbols

National anthem

National heritage


Andorra - Economy 1992
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Economy overview: The mainstay of Andorra's economy is tourism. An estimated 13 million tourists visit annually, attracted by Andorra's duty-free status and by its summer and winter resorts. Agricultural production is limited by a scarcity of arable land, and most food has to be imported. The principal livestock activity is sheep raising. Manufacturing consists mainly of cigarettes, cigars, and furniture. The rapid pace of European economic integration is a potential threat to Andorra's advantages from its duty-free status.
GDP: purchasing power equivalent - $727 million, per capita $14,000; real growth rate NA% (1990 est.)

Real gdp purchasing power parity

Real gdp growth rate

Real gdp per capita ppp

Gross national saving
Gdp composition by sector of origin

Gdp composition by end use

Gdp composition by sector of origin

Agriculture products: sheep raising; small quantities of tobacco, rye, wheat, barley, oats, and some vegetables

Industries: tourism (particularly skiing), sheep, timber, tobacco, banking

Industrial production growth rate: growth rate NA%

Labor force: NA
Organized labor: none
Labor force

Unemployment rate: none

Youth unemployment

Population below poverty line

Gini index

Household income or consumption by percentage share

Distribution of family income gini index

Budget: revenues $NA; expenditures $NA, including capital expenditures of $NA

Public debt

Taxes and other revenues

Revenue

Fiscal year: calendar year

Current account balance

Inflation rate consumer prices

Central bank discount rate

Commercial bank prime lending rate

Stock of narrow money

Stock of broad money

Stock of domestic credit

Market value of publicly traded shares

Current account balance

Exports: $0.017 million (f.o.b., 1986)
Commodoties: electricity
Partners: France, Spain

Imports: $531 million (f.o.b., 1986)
Commodoties: consumer goods, food
Partners: France, Spain

Reserves of foreign exchange and gold

Debt external

Stock of direct foreign investment at home

Stock of direct foreign investment abroad

Exchange rates:
French francs (F) per US$1 - 5.3801 January (1992), 5.6421 (1991), 5.4453 (1990), 6.3801 (1989), 5.9569 (1988), 6.0107 (1987);
Spanish pesetas (Ptas) per US$1 - 100.02 (January 1992), 103.91 (1991), 101.93 (1990), 118.38 (1989), 116.49 (1988), 123.48 (1987)



Andorra - Energy 1992
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Electricity access

Electricity production: 35,000 kW capacity; 140 million kWh produced, 2,800 kWh per capita (1991)

Electricity consumption

Electricity exports

Electricity imports

Electricity installed generating capacity

Electricity transmission distribution losses

Electricity generation sources

Petroleum

Refined petroleum

Natural gas

Carbon dioxide emissions

Energy consumption per capita


Andorra - Communication 1992
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Telephones fixed lines

Telephones mobile cellular

Telephone system

Broadcast media

Internet country code

Internet users

Broadband fixed subscriptions


Andorra - Military 1992
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Military expenditures

Military and security forces

Military service age and obligation

Terrorist groups


Andorra - Transportation 1992
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National air transport system

Civil aircraft registration country code prefix

Airports

Airports with paved runways

Airports with unpaved runways

Heliports

Pipelines

Railways

Roadways

Waterways

Merchant marine

Ports and terminals


Andorra - Transnational issues 1992
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Disputes international

Refugees and internally displaced persons

Illicit drugs


Qatar Airways


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